SOPHIA LOREN ( English/ French/ Italian)

Dans le cadre des articles que nous 茅crivons ou retranscrivons 脿 partir de sources connues ( comme Wikipedia ), nous avons choisi de reprendre la carri猫re artistique et la vie d’une actrice, d’une star italienne qui a crev茅 les 茅crans de Hollywood les ann茅es 50 60 et au del脿… SOPHIA LOREN

Une actrice italienne qui parle aussi bien la langue anglaise/ am茅ricaine que la langue fran莽aise.

La beaut茅, le talent artistique n’a jamais emp锚ch茅 qu’elle ait aussi une culture, 茅ducation et richesse linguistique.

La vie de Sophia Loren , des photos, des vid茅os ( en langue italienne, Anglaise et interviews en langue Fran莽aise ) plus bas dans cet article.

Sachez que vous pouvez traduire aussi bien le site , que les articles via les applications et boutons sur notre site, pour un meilleur confort de lecture

As part of articles we write or retranscribe from known sources (as Wikipedia), we chose to “talke” about聽 the artistic career and the life of an actress, an Italian star , a Hollywood star also of the 50s, 60s and 70s . Still star today and a Hollywood Icon

An Italian actress who speaks English and American as well as French.

The beauty mixed to the artistic talent added to her culture, education and linguistic skills.

The life of Sophia Loren, photos, videos (in Italian, English and French language interviews) further down in this article.

To precise :聽 that you can translate the website as well as聽 the articles via the applications and buttons on our website, for a better聽 comfort in the language you prefer.


sofia loren 1

Sofia Villani Scicolone born 20 September 1934), known professionally as Sophia Loren is an Italian film actress and singer. She is one of the last surviving stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood.


Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons after entering a beauty pageant, Loren began her film career at age 16 in 1950. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include The Pride and the Passion, Houseboat, and It Started in Naples.


Her talents as an actress were not recognized until her performance as Cesira in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women (1961); Loren’s performance earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress, making her the first thespian to win an Oscar for a foreign-language performance.

She holds the record for having earned six David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress: Two Women; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963); Marriage Italian Style (1964) (for which she was nominated for a second Oscar); Sunflower (1970); The Voyage (1974); and A Special Day (1977).

After starting a family in the early 1970s, Loren chose to make only occasional film appearances. Most recently, she has appeared in American films such as Grumpier Old Men (1995) and Nine (2009).


Aside from the Academy Award, she has won a Grammy Award, five special Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award), a BAFTA Award, a Laurel Award, the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival, the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival and the Honorary Academy Award in 1991.

In 1995, she received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievements, one of many such awards. In 1999, Loren was named by the American Film Institute the 21st greatest female star of Classic Hollywood Cinema, and she is currently the only living actress on the list.

Sofia Villani Scicolone was born on 20 September 1934 in the Clinica Regina Margherita in Rome, Italy, 聽the daughter of Romilda Villani (1910鈥1991) and Riccardo Scicolone, a construction engineer of noble descent (Loren wrote in her autobiography that she is entitled to call herself the Marquess of Licata Scicolone Murillo).

Loren’s father Riccardo Scicolone refused to marry Villani, 聽leaving the piano teacher and aspiring actress without financial support. Loren met with her father three times, at age five, age seventeen and in 1976 at his deathbed, citing that she forgave him but had never forgotten the abandonment of her mother.

Loren’s parents had another child together, her sister Maria, in 1938. Loren has two younger paternal half-brothers, Giuliano and Giuseppe. Romilda, Sofia, and Maria lived with Loren’s grandmother in Pozzuoli, near Naples.

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During the Second World War, the harbour and munitions plant in Pozzuoli was a frequent bombing target of the Allies. During one raid, as Loren ran to the shelter, she was struck by shrapnel and wounded in the chin. After that, the family moved to Naples, where they were taken in by distant relatives.

After the war, Loren and her family returned to Pozzuoli. Loren’s grandmother Luisa opened a pub in their living room, selling homemade cherry liquor. Romilda Villani played the piano, Maria sang, and Loren waited on tables and washed dishes. The place was popular with the American GIs stationed nearby.

At age 15, Loren as Sofia Lazzaro entered the Miss Italia 1950 beauty pageant and was assigned as Candidate #2, being one to the four sharing contestants representing the Lazio region.

She was selected as one of the last three finalists and won the title of 鈥淢iss Elegance 1950鈥 , while Liliana Cardinale won the title of 鈥淢iss Cinema鈥 and Anna Maria Bugliari won the grand title of Miss Italia. She returned in 2001 as president of the jury for the 61st edition of the pageant. In 2010, Loren crowned the 71st Miss Italia pageant winner.


1951鈥1953 as Sofia Scicolone, and as Sofia Lazzaro

At age 17, as Sofia Lazzaro, she enrolled in acting class and was selected as an uncredited extra in Mervyn LeRoy’s 1951 film Quo Vadis (1951), filmed when she was 17 years old.


That same year, she appeared in Italian film Era lui… s矛! s矛!, where she played an odalisque, and was credited as Sofia Lazzaro. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, including the La Favorita (1952).


1953鈥1970 as Sophia Loren

Carlo Ponti changed her name and public image to appeal to a wider audience as Sophia Loren, being a twist on the name of the Swedish actress M盲rta Tor茅n and suggested by Goffredo Lombardo. Her first starring role was in Aida (1953), for which she received critical acclaim.

After playing the lead role in Two Nights with Cleopatra (1953), her breakthrough role was in The Gold of Naples (1954), directed by Vittorio De Sica. Too Bad She’s Bad, also released in 1954, and (La Bella Mugnaia) (1955) became the first of many films in which Loren co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni.

Over the next three years, she acted in many films, including Scandal in Sorrento, Lucky to Be a Woman, Boy on a Dolphin, Legend of the Lost and The Pride and the Passion.


Loren became an international film star following her five-picture contract with Paramount Pictures in 1958.

Among her films at this time were Desire Under the Elms with Anthony Perkins, based upon the Eugene O’Neill play; Houseboat, a romantic comedy co-starring Cary Grant; and George Cukor’s Heller in Pink Tights, in which she appeared as a blonde for the first time.


In 1960, she starred in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women, a stark, gritty story of a mother who is trying to protect her 12-year-old daughter in war-torn Italy.

The two end up gang-raped inside a church as they travel back to their home city following cessation of bombings there.

Originally cast as the daughter, Loren fought against type and was eventually cast as the mother (actress Eleonora Brown would portray the daughter). Loren’s performance earned her many awards, including the Cannes Film Festival’s best performance prize, and an Academy Award for Best Actress, the first major Academy Award for a non-English-language performance or to an Italian actress.

She won 22 international awards for Two Women. The film was extremely well received by critics and a huge commercial success.

Though proud of this accomplishment, Loren did not show up to this award, citing fear of fainting at the award ceremony.

Nevertheless, Cary Grant telephoned her in Rome the next day to inform her of the Oscar award.[citation needed]


During the 1960s, Loren was one of the most popular actresses in the world, and continued to make films in the United States and Europe, starring with prominent leading men. In 1964, her career reached its pinnacle when she received $1 million to appear in The Fall of the Roman Empire.

In 1965, she received a second Academy Award nomination for her performance in Marriage Italian-Style.


Drawing of Loren by Nicholas Volpe after she won an Oscar for Two Women (1961)

Among Loren’s best-known films of this period are Samuel Bronston’s epic production of El Cid (1961) with Charlton Heston, The Millionairess (1960) with Peter Sellers,

It Started in Naples (1960) with Clark Gable, Vittorio De Sica’s triptych Yesterday,

Today and Tomorrow (1963) with Marcello Mastroianni,

Peter Ustinov’s Lady L (1965) with Paul Newman,

the 1966 classic Arabesque with Gregory Peck, and Charlie Chaplin’s final film

, A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) with Marlon Brando.

Loren received four Golden Globe Awards between 1964 and 1977 as “World Film Favorite 鈥 Female”


Loren worked less after becoming a mother. During the next decade, most of her roles were in Italian features.

During the 1970s, she was paired with Richard Burton in the last De Sica-directed film, The Voyage (1974), and a remake of the film Brief Encounter (1974).

The film had its premiere on US television on 12 November 1974 as part of the Hallmark Hall of Fame series on NBC. In 1976, she starred in The Cassandra Crossing.

It fared extremely well internationally, and was a respectable box office success in US market.

She co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni in Ettore Scola’s A Special Day (1977). This movie was nominated for 11 international awards such as two Oscars (best actor in leading role, best foreign picture).

It won a Golden Globe Award and a C茅sar Award for best foreign movie. Loren’s performance was awarded with a David di Donatello Award, the seventh in her career. The movie was extremely well received by American reviewers and became a box office hit.

Following this success, Loren starred in an American thriller Brass Target.

This movie received mixed reviews, although it was moderately successful in the United States and internationally.

In 1978, she won her fourth Golden Globe for “world film favorite”.

Other movies of this decade were Academy award nominee Sunflower (1970), which was a critical success, and Arthur Hiller’s Man of La Mancha (1972), which was a critical and commercial failure despite being nominated for several awards, including two Golden Globes. O’Toole and James Coco were nominated for two NBR awards, in addition the NBR listed Man of La Mancha in its best ten pictures of 1972 list.

In 1980, after the international success of the biography Sophia Loren: Living and Loving, Her Own Story by A. Hotchner, Loren portrayed herself and her mother in a made-for-television biopic adaptation of her autobiography, Sophia Loren: Her Own Story. Ritza Brown and Chiara Ferrari each portrayed the younger Loren.

In 1981, she became the first female celebrity to launch her own perfume, ‘Sophia’, and a brand of eyewear soon followed.

In 1982, while in Italy, she made headlines after serving an 18-day prison sentence on tax evasion charges 鈥 a fact that failed to hamper her popularity or career.

In fact, Bill Moore, then employed at Pickle Packers International advertising department, sent her a pink pickle-shaped trophy for being “the prettiest lady in the prettiest pickle”. In 2013, the supreme court of Italy cleared her of the charges.

She acted infrequently during the 1980s and in 1981 turned down the role of Alexis Carrington in the television series Dynasty.

Although she was set to star in 13 episodes of CBS’s Falcon Crest in 1984 as Angela Channing’s half-sister Francesca Gioberti, negotiations fell through at the last moment and the role went to Gina Lollobrigida instead. Loren preferred devoting more time to raising her sons.

sophia loren2

Later career

In 1991, Loren received the Academy Honorary Award for her contributions to world cinema and was declared “one of the world cinema’s treasures”. In 1995, she received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award.

She presented Federico Fellini with his honorary Oscar in April 1993. In 2009, Loren stated on Larry King Live that Fellini had planned to direct her in a film shortly before his death in 1993.

Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, Loren was selective about choosing her films and ventured into various areas of business, including cookbooks, eyewear, jewelry, and perfume.

She received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance in Robert Altman’s film Ready to Wear (1994), co-starring Julia Roberts.

In 1994, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.

In Grumpier Old Men (1995), Loren played a femme fatale opposite Walter Matthau, Jack Lemmon, and Ann-Margret.

The film was a box-office success and became Loren’s biggest US hit in years.

At the 20th Moscow International Film Festival in 1997, she was awarded an Honorable Prize for contribution to cinema. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Loren among the greatest female stars of Golden Age of Hollywood cinema.

In 2001, Loren received a Special Grand Prix of the Americas Award at the Montreal World Film Festival for her body of work.She filmed two projects in Canada during this time: the independent film Between Strangers (2002), directed by her son Edoardo and co-starring Mira Sorvino, and the television miniseries Lives of the Saints (2004).

In 2009, after five years off the set and 14 years since she starred in a prominent US theatrical film, Loren starred in Rob Marshall’s film version of Nine, based on the Broadway musical that tells the story of a director whose midlife crisis causes him to struggle to complete his latest film;

he is forced to balance the influences of numerous formative women in his life, including his deceased mother. Loren was Marshall’s first and only choice for the role.

The film also stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Pen茅lope Cruz, Kate Hudson, Marion Cotillard, and Nicole Kidman. As a part of the cast, she received her first nomination for a Screen Actors Guild Award.

In 2010, Loren played her own mother in a two-part Italian television miniseries about her early life, directed by Vittorio Sindoni with Margareth Mad猫 as Loren, entitled La Mia Casa 脠 Piena di Specchi , based on the memoir by her sister Maria.

In July 2013, Loren made her film comeback in an Italian adaptation of Jean Cocteau’s 1930 play The Human Voice (La Voce Umana), which charts the breakdown of a woman who is left by her lover 鈥 with her youngest son, Edoardo Ponti, as director.

Filming took under a month during July in various locations in Italy, including Rome and Naples. It was Loren’s first significant feature film since Nine.

Loren received a star on 16 November 2017, at Almeria Walk of Fame due to his intervention in Bianco, rosso e…. She received the Almer铆a Tierra de Cine award.

In September 1999, Loren filed a lawsuit against 79 adult websites for posting altered nude photos of her on the internet.

Loren is a Roman Catholic. Her primary residence has been in Geneva, Switzerland, since late 2006. She also owns homes in Naples and Rome.

Loren is an ardent fan of the football club S.S.C. Napoli. In May 2007, when the team was third in Serie B, she (then age 72) told the Gazzetta dello Sport that she would do a striptease if the team won.



Affair with Cary Grant

Loren and Cary Grant co-starred in Houseboat (1958). Grant’s wife Betsy Drake wrote the original script, and Grant originally intended that she would star with him.

After he began an affair with Loren while filming The Pride and the Passion (1957), Grant arranged for Loren to take Drake’s place with a rewritten script for which Drake did not receive credit.

The affair ended in bitterness before The Pride and the Passion’s filming ended, causing problems on the Houseboat set.

Grant hoped to resume the relationship, but Loren agreed to marry Carlo Ponti, instead.

Marriage and family

Loren first met Ponti in 1950, when she was 16 and he was 37.

Though Ponti had been long separated from his first wife, Giuliana, he was not legally divorced when Loren married him by proxy (two male lawyers stood in for them) in Mexico on 17 September 1957.

The couple had their marriage annulled in 1962 to escape bigamy charges, but continued to live together.

In 1965, they became French citizens after their application was approved by then French President Georges Pompidou. Ponti then obtained a divorce from Giuliana in France, allowing him to marry Loren on 9 April 1966.

They had two children, Carlo Ponti Jr., born on 29 December 1968, and Edoardo Ponti, born on 6 January 1973.Loren’s daughters-in-law are Sasha Alexander and Andrea Meszaros. Loren has four grandchildren. Loren remained married to Carlo Ponti until his death on 10 January 2007 of pulmonary complications.

sophia loren and Carlo Ponti

In 1962, Loren’s sister Maria married the youngest son of Benito Mussolini, Romano, with whom she had two daughters, Alessandra, a national conservative Italian politician, and Elisabetta.



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Jean-Paul Belmondo, n茅 le 9 avril 1933 脿 Neuilly-sur-Seine est un acteur fran莽ais. Il a 茅galement 茅t茅 producteur de cin茅ma et directeur de th茅芒tre.

Alternant dans les premi猫res ann茅es de sa carri猫re les films populaires et d鈥橝rt et Essai avant de pencher nettement pour la premi猫re cat茅gorie, il est rapidement devenu l鈥檜ne des plus grandes vedettes du cin茅ma fran莽ais, champion incontest茅 du box-office au m锚me titre que Louis de Fun猫s et Alain Delon 脿 la m锚me 茅poque.

En cinquante ans de carri猫re, il a attir茅 dans les salles pr猫s de 130 millions de spectateurs : entre 1969 et 1982, il a jou茅 脿 quatre reprises dans le film le plus vu de l鈥檃nn茅e en France (Le Cerveau, Peur sur la ville, L鈥橝nimal, L鈥橝s des as), 茅galant le record de Fernandel et n鈥櫭﹖ant d茅pass茅 sur ce point que par Louis de Fun猫s.

belmondo 5 BEBEL

Il a tourn茅 sous la direction de grands鈥

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JOHN WAYNE La l茅gende


John WAYNE: Consid茅r茅 comme l鈥檃m茅ricain patriote et h茅roique,聽


john wayne john wayne

Marion Mitchell Morrison, dit聽John Wayne, n茅 le聽26mai1907聽脿聽Winterset聽dans l鈥Iowa, aux聽脡tats-Unis, et mort le聽11juin1979聽脿Los Angeles, est un聽acteur,聽r茅alisateur聽et聽producteuram茅ricain.

S鈥檌l a jou茅 dans des聽films policiers, des聽films de guerre聽et quelques聽com茅dies romantiques, c鈥檈st dans ses nombreux聽westernsque John Wayne s鈥檈st r茅ellement impos茅, sous la direction de deux r茅alisateurs particuli猫rement聽:聽John Ford聽(La Chevauch茅e fantastique,聽Le Massacre de Fort Apache,聽La Charge h茅ro茂que,聽Rio Grande,聽La Prisonni猫re du d茅sert聽ou encore聽L鈥橦omme qui tua Liberty Valance) et聽Howard Hawks聽(La Rivi猫re rouge,聽Rio Bravo,聽El Dorado聽ou聽Rio Lobo). Il tourna 茅galement plusieurs films avec聽Henry Hathaway聽dont聽Cent鈥

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Shirley MacLaine


Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty; April 24, 1934) 聽is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.

An Academy Award winner, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute in 2012, and received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in 2013. She is known for her New Age beliefs, and has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a series of autobiographical works that describe these beliefs, document her world travels, and describe her Hollywood career.

Shirley Mac Laine Shirley Mac Laine

A six-time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), and Best Actress nominations for Some Came Running (1958), The Apartment (1960), Irma la Douce (1963), and The Turning Point (1977), before winning Best Actress for鈥

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Jerry Lewis聽聽(born聽Joseph Levitch; March 16, 1926) is an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter and humanitarian. He is known for his聽slapstick聽humor in film, television, stage and radio.

Picture taken during the 60s of US comedian, direc JERRY LEWIS

He and聽Dean Martin聽were partners as the hit popular comedy duo of聽Martin and Lewis. Following that success, he was a solo star in film,聽nightclubs, television, concerts and musicals. Lewis served as national chairman of the聽Muscular Dystrophy Association聽and hosted the live聽Labor Day聽broadcast of the聽Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon聽for 44 years.

Lewis has received several awards for lifetime achievements from the聽American Comedy Awards,聽Los Angeles Film Critics Association,聽Venice Film Festival,聽Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences聽and been honored with two stars on the聽Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Early life

Lewis was born聽on March 16, 1926 in聽Newark, New Jersey聽to聽Russian Jewish聽parents His father, Daniel Levitch (1902鈥80), was a聽master of ceremonies

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JOHN WAYNE La l茅gende

John WAYNE: Consid茅r茅 comme l鈥檃m茅ricain patriote et h茅roique,聽



john wayne

john wayne

Marion Mitchell Morrison, dit聽John Wayne, n茅 le聽26mai1907聽脿聽Winterset聽dans l鈥Iowa, aux聽脡tats-Unis, et mort le聽11juin1979聽脿Los Angeles, est un聽acteur,聽r茅alisateur聽et聽producteuram茅ricain.

S鈥檌l a jou茅 dans des聽films policiers, des聽films de guerre聽et quelques聽com茅dies romantiques, c鈥檈st dans ses nombreux聽westernsque John Wayne s鈥檈st r茅ellement impos茅, sous la direction de deux r茅alisateurs particuli猫rement聽:聽John Ford聽(La Chevauch茅e fantastique,聽Le Massacre de Fort Apache,聽La Charge h茅ro茂que,聽Rio Grande,聽La Prisonni猫re du d茅sert聽ou encore聽L鈥橦omme qui tua Liberty Valance) et聽Howard Hawks聽(La Rivi猫re rouge,聽Rio Bravo,聽El Dorado聽ou聽Rio Lobo). Il tourna 茅galement plusieurs films avec聽Henry Hathaway聽dont聽Cent dollars pour un sh茅rif, qui lui valut en 1970 l鈥檜nique聽Oscar聽de sa carri猫re.

En 1960, il passa derri猫re la cam茅ra pour r茅aliser une fresque historique d鈥檈nvergure,聽Alamo, relatant les derniers jours de聽Davy Crockett聽et ses compagnons lors de la聽guerre d鈥檌nd茅pendance du Texas. Huit ans plus tard, il cor茅alisa聽Les B茅rets verts, film engag茅 justifiant l鈥檌ntervention am茅ricaine au聽Vi锚t Nam. Ses deux r茅alisations refl猫tent l鈥檈ngagement personnel de John Wayne, r茅publicain et ardent patriote

Class茅聽13e聽plus grande star de l茅gende聽par l鈥American Film Institute聽en 1999, John Wayne est certainement un des acteurs les plus repr茅sentatifs du聽western, une incarnation 脿 lui seul de l鈥橝m茅rique conqu茅rante. Surnomm茅 芦聽The Duke聽禄 (le Duc), il reste toujours aujourd鈥檋ui, gr芒ce 脿 ses films, le symbole d鈥檜ne certaine virilit茅. Il interpr茅ta ce r么le d鈥檋omme viril, dur, solitaire et un peu machiste tout au long de sa carri猫re, ce qui lui fit d茅clarer聽: 芦聽J鈥檃i jou茅 John Wayne dans tous mes films et 莽a m鈥檃 plut么t pas mal r茅ussi聽禄.

Enfance et scolarit茅

Glendale聽aujourd鈥檋ui, o霉 v茅cut John Wayne de 1916 脿 1924.

N茅 dans une famille modeste et presbyt茅rienne, son p猫re est Clyde Leonard Morrison (1884鈥1937), d鈥檃scendance聽irlandaise聽et聽茅cossaise聽et fils d鈥檜n v茅t茅ran de la聽Guerre de S茅cession, Marion Mitchell Morrison (1845鈥1915). Sa m猫re est Mary Alberta Brown (1885鈥1970), d鈥檕rigine irlandaise. En d茅cembre 1912 naquit son fr猫re Robert. Ses parents chang猫rent alors son identit茅 en Marion Mitchell Morrison (toutefois il a souvent affirm茅 que son vrai nom aurait 茅t茅 Marion Michael Morrison).

John Wayne

John Wayne

Peu apr猫s son p猫re eut des l茅sions aux poumons et fut contraint de 芦聽changer d鈥檃ir聽禄 pour sa sant茅. Il mit en vente sa pharmacie et acheta une maison d茅labr茅e pr猫s du聽d茅sert des Mojaves, 脿 Palmdale, et des terres o霉 il d茅cida de faire pousser du ma茂s. Sa femme et ses enfants vinrent le rejoindre en 1914. 芦聽Je crois que c鈥櫭﹖ait une mis茅rable baraque. Ni gaz, ni 茅lectricit茅, ni eau courante. […] Nous 茅tions absolument coup茅s du monde.聽禄 C鈥檈st pour aider son p猫re qu鈥檌l apprit 脿 se servir d鈥檜n fusil et 脿 monter 脿 cheval. 芦聽Je suis tr猫s 脿 l鈥檃ise en selle, mais je ne suis pas amoureux des chevaux. Ils sont seulement utiles dans une ferme ou pour tourner un film.聽禄

Lass茅e du climat rude et de la pauvret茅 de la famille, Mary Morrison poussa son mari 脿 tout vendre. Ils partirent 脿聽Glendale, faubourg de聽Los Angeles, en 1916, o霉 le p猫re trouva un emploi dans une pharmacie5. Ils d茅m茅nag猫rent r茅guli猫rement, s鈥檌nstallant 脿 chaque fois dans une maison plus petite. Marion devint vite un bon 茅l猫ve, lisant beaucoup 脿 la biblioth猫que municipale. 脌 douze ans, il encha卯na, en parall猫le des cours, des petits boulots 聽: livreur de journaux, livreur, ouvreur du cin茅ma Palace.

Son premier vrai souvenir d鈥檜n film est probablement聽Les Quatre Cavaliers de l鈥橝pocalypse聽avec聽Rudolph Valentino6. Gr芒ce 脿 son job d鈥檕uvreur, il pouvait acc茅der 脿 un tr猫s grand nombre de films, dont des westerns avec聽Harry Carey聽ou des films d鈥檃ventures avec聽Douglas Fairbanks. Il se lia d鈥檃miti茅 avec聽Bob Steele, future star de westerns des ann茅es 1920. C鈥檈st aussi d猫s cette 茅poque que Marion fut surnomm茅 芦聽Big Duke聽禄 en r茅f茅rence 脿 son chien, 芦聽Little Duke聽禄, qu鈥檌l emmenait partout avec lui. Au coll猫ge, il appartenait aux clubs sportifs et culturels, et fit du th茅芒tre, non comme acteur, mais comme accessoiriste. Ses rares performances d鈥檃cteur ne furent pas convaincantes, trop p茅trifi茅 qu鈥檌l 茅tait par le trac

Sportif et accessoiriste

En 1924, l鈥Universit茅 de Californie du Sud聽d茅cida de recruter les meilleurs 茅l茅ments des clubs alentours pour sa propre 茅quipe de football, les聽Trojans, dont Marion Morrison. Pouvant faire ses 茅tudes gratuitement gr芒ce 脿 une bourse sportive, il fut aussi initi茅 脿 une fraternit茅, Sigma Chi8. Il rencontra peu apr猫s la vedette聽Tom Mix, qui assistait 脿 tous les matchs de l鈥櫭﹒uipe. Appr茅ciant la carrure du jeune homme, il lui offrit un r么le dans un film qu鈥檌l devait tourner quelques mois apr猫s.

Entre-temps, lors d鈥檜n weekend 脿 Balboa, il fut victime d鈥檜n accident de bodysurf聽: il se d茅chira un muscle de l鈥櫭﹑aule apr猫s une chute qui le fit entrer en contact avec le fond, tenta vainement quelque temps de continuer le football mais fut 茅vinc茅 de l鈥櫭﹒uipe, avec toutefois un dipl么me de la F茅d茅ration de football. Il n鈥檡 joua plus jamais. L鈥櫭﹖茅 au studio, la star m茅prisa le jeune Morrison, qui fut toutefois engag茅, mais comme accessoiriste.

La rencontre avec聽John Ford聽fut d茅cisive pour la carri猫re de John Wayne, m锚me si c鈥檈st聽Raoul Walshqui lui confia son premier grand r么le

Apr猫s une figuration sur le film聽The drop Kick, il fut appel茅 sur le tournage de聽Maman de mon c艙ur, dirig茅 par聽John Ford, r茅alisateur d茅j脿 respect茅 脿聽Hollywood. Celui-ci d茅cida un jour de provoquer gentiment le jeune footballeur Morrison en le faisant se mettre en position, puis en lui faisant mordre la poussi猫re. La pareille que lui rendit aussit么t le jeune homme le fit grimper dans l鈥檈stime du r茅alisateur.




john wayne

Il l鈥檈mbaucha d鈥檃illeurs comme acteur sur son film suivant,聽La Maison du bourreau, dans un petit r么le de paysan condamn茅 par un juge.聽John Ford聽le fit d鈥檃bord renvoyer 脿 cause de son comportement (il fut pris d鈥檜n fou rire), puis le rappela et tourna la sc猫ne.

脌 partir de 1928, il d茅cida de ne plus aller 脿 l鈥檜niversit茅. N鈥檃yant plus la bourse accord茅e gr芒ce 脿 l鈥櫭﹒uipe de football, il ne pouvait s鈥檕ffrir les cours. Il retourna 脿 la聽Fox聽et devint accessoiriste pendant trois ann茅es. 芦聽J鈥檃i 茅t茅 menuisier, man艙uvre, 茅lectricien, charpentier, peintre et tapissier. J鈥檃i tout fait, je connais tous les probl猫mes du m茅tier et les trucs pour les r茅soudre.聽禄 Il travailla alors de nouveau avec聽John Ford聽et d鈥檃utres r茅alisateurs, et fit un peu de figuration, notamment dans聽Words and music,聽Rough Romance聽ou聽Cheer up and smile. Dans聽Salute, il se confronta pour une des premi猫res fois 脿 un autre 茅tudiant-footballeur voulant participer au film de Ford,聽Wardell Bond. Dans聽Hommes sans femmes聽il fut engag茅 comme cascadeur, mais pay茅 au tarif d鈥檜n accessoiriste

JW young

JW young

Le faux d茅part

Le cin茅ma parlant avait rendu difficile la r茅alisation de westerns. Le r茅alisateur聽Raoul Walsh聽prouva le contraire en cor茅alisant聽In Old Arizona聽qui fut un gros succ猫s. La聽Fox聽voulut alors lui confier la r茅alisation d鈥檜n grand聽western, au budget d鈥檜n million de dollars. Des acteurs de th茅芒tre furent engag茅s 聽:聽Tyrone Power聽et聽Ian Keith. Pour le r么le principal, le choix s鈥檕rienta vers聽Gary Cooper, mais celui-ci 茅tait indisponible car sous contrat avecSamuel Goldwyn. Walsh remarqua alors par hasard cet accessoiriste qui d茅chargeait un camion, Duke Morrison, puis d茅cida de lui faire faire un bout d鈥檈ssai. Le producteur d茅l茅gu茅 et le r茅alisateur d茅cid猫rent juste apr猫s de lui faire changer de nom. Par admiration pour le g茅n茅ral聽Anthony Wayne, on lui trouva un nom. Et tout b锚tement parce que 芦聽John聽禄 faisait Am茅ricain et simple, on lui donna ce pr茅nom. Ainsi Duke Morrison devint John Wayne, sans m锚me avoir 茅t茅 consult茅.

Le tournage de聽La Piste des g茅ants聽commen莽a 脿聽Yuma. Wayne fut victime d鈥檜ne dysenterie qui l鈥檕bligea 脿 un r茅gime et lui fit perdre trois semaines de tournage. Le film fut tourn茅 en70聽mm, pr猫s de vingt ans avant le聽CinemaScope. La premi猫re mondiale eut lieu le 24 octobre 1930 dans un grand cin茅ma de聽Hollywood聽et la soci茅t茅 de production fit faire 脿 sa nouvelle vedette une promotion mensong猫re, lui inventant une nouvelle biographie.

Le film fut un 茅chec notoire et la cons茅quence pour John Wayne fut de redevenir un acteur inconnu, sous contrat, 脿聽75聽dollars聽la semaine. De plus, il se f芒cha quelque temps avec聽John Ford

Les ann茅es 1930聽: entre 茅checs et nouveau d茅part

Un acteur de s茅ries B

Duke fut engag茅 en 1930 pour tourner聽Girls demand excitement, une com茅die musicale dirig茅e par un chor茅graphe de聽New York聽parfaitement inexp茅riment茅, avec聽Virginia Cherrill. Puis avec聽Loretta Young, ce fut聽Three girls lost. Pr茅sent茅 le聽1er聽mai 1931, le film fut r茅sum茅 par un critique par聽: 芦聽Tout cela est assez idiot聽!聽禄 La聽Fox聽ne renouvela pas le contrat de John Wayne, qui fut embauch茅 par聽Harry Cohn, grand patron de la聽Columbia, qui lui fit tourner un autre film sans int茅r锚t,聽Men are like that. Ces films permirent toutefois 脿 Wayne de se faire un public. Mais une brouille avec Cohn lui fit perdre son statut de vedette, et il devint un second r么le, au profit de聽Tim McCoy聽notamment. Il n鈥檕ublia jamais cette offense et, devenu une grande vedette, refusa toujours de tourner pour la聽Columbia.

La mode 茅tait aux films d鈥檃viation. John Wayne, qui venait de prendre un agent, Al Kingston, tourna聽L鈥檕mbre d鈥檜n aigle. C鈥檈st sur ce tournage qu鈥檌l rencontra聽Yakima Canutt, qui allait devenir l鈥檜n des cascadeurs les plus connus du cin茅ma am茅ricain. Il encha卯na avec聽Hurricane express聽o霉 il interpr茅tait un aviateur d茅cid茅 脿 venger son p猫re, tu茅 dans un accident de chemin de fer. Le 24 juin 1933, il se maria enfin 脿 celle qu鈥檌l aimait depuis des ann茅es, Josie (Josephine Saenz).

cette derni猫re lui permit d鈥檕btenir un petit r么le, celui d鈥檜n boxeur, dans聽La Vie de Jimmy Dolan聽avec聽Douglas Fairbanks. Al Kingston arrangea ensuite un entretien avec聽Trem Carr聽et聽Leo Ostrow聽qui venaient de fonder la soci茅t茅Monogram Pictures聽et Duke se vit offrir un contrat de huit westerns par an, pay茅s 2500 $. Il tourna la m锚me ann茅e聽Les Cavaliers du destin聽o霉 il fut un cow-boy chantant. Exasp茅r茅 par cette exp茅rience humiliante, il d茅clara plus tard que sa chansonnette en play-back lui donnait l鈥檌mpression 芦聽d鈥櫭猼re une foutue p茅dale.聽禄 Pourtant cette 茅poque laissa 脿 Wayne de bons souvenirs, il d茅clara plus tard 聽: 芦聽D鈥檃vril 脿 septembre on travaillait comme des dingues pour fournir de la pellicule aux petites salles qui achetaient la production en bloc et d鈥檃vance. Puis, 脿 la fin de l鈥櫭﹖茅, je filais chasser la palombe. Ensuite c鈥櫭﹖ait la saison des oies sauvages et des canards. […] Oui c鈥櫭﹖ait le bon temps



De nouvelles exp茅riences navrantes

Mari茅 et 脿 pr茅sent p猫re, John Wayne refusa un nouveau contrat de聽24聽000聽$聽propos茅 par聽Herbert J. Yates聽pour聽Monogram Pictures, las de vivre loin de sa famille et de ses enfants. Il s鈥檈ssaya sans succ猫s 脿 la gestion d鈥檜ne agence immobili猫re. Puis, sous le nom de Duke Morrison, devint boxeur et fit quelques combats dans le聽Nevada19. Encore une fois, sans grand succ猫s. R茅solu 脿 revenir au cin茅ma, il tenta de se faire remarquer par聽Cecil B. DeMille,



en vain. Son ami聽Paul Fix聽lui proposa alors une pi猫ce de th茅芒tre,聽Red Sky At Evening, avecSally Blane. D鈥檃bord enthousiasm茅, il d茅chanta assez vite, se rappelant ses exp茅riences navrantes de jeunesse. La seule et unique repr茅sentation fut un d茅sastre 聽: ayant vid茅 une bouteille de whisky pour se donner du courage, Wayne entra sur sc猫ne ivre, oubliant ses r茅pliques et demandant聽: 芦聽O霉 suis-je?聽禄

Il reprit alors le chemin des studios et tourna pour聽Universal聽quelques films o霉 il abandonnait son personnage de cow-boy. Entre 1936 et 1937, il tourna ainsi聽Les Pirates de la mer,聽Conflic聽o霉 il joua un boxeur,聽I Cover de war聽dans le r么le d鈥檜n reporter, et聽L鈥檌dole de la foule. Produits 脿 co没ts r茅duits, ces films furent des 茅checs cuisants. Son public fid猫le ne voulait de John Wayne qu鈥檌l ne f没t qu鈥檜n cow-boy, sachant se battre et manier son pistolet. Il revint alors vers聽Herbert J. Yates聽et tourna d鈥檃utres films m茅diocres, dont certains ne sortirent qu鈥檜ne fois John Wayne devenu une star.

芦聽Sauv茅聽禄 par John Ford

脌 l鈥櫭﹖茅 1937,聽John Ford聽invita Wayne 脿 bord de son bateau, l鈥Araner, et lui donna 脿 lire un sc茅nario de聽Dudley Nichols,聽La Chevauch茅e fantastique, pour avoir son avis quant 脿 l鈥檃cteur qui pourrait endosser le premier r么le. Vex茅, il proposa n茅anmoins聽Lloyd Nolan. Ce n鈥檈st que le lendemain que Ford lui demanda聽: 芦聽Idiot, tu penses que tu ne pourrais pas le jouer le r么le聽?聽禄 Mais les producteurs envisageaient plut么t des vedettes confirm茅es 聽:聽Gary Cooper聽et聽Marl猫ne Dietrich.

Le r茅alisateur r茅ussit finalement 脿 imposer Wayne et聽Claire Trevor, ainsi que d鈥檃utres acteurs exp茅riment茅s, tels que聽Thomas Mitchell聽ou聽George Bancroft.

Le film fut tourn茅 d鈥檕ctobre 脿 d茅cembre 1938, avec un budget modeste. Quelques sc猫nes furent film茅es 脿聽Monument Valley, le reste en聽Californie.聽Yakima Canutt聽doubla John Wayne, notamment lors de la grande attaque de la diligence. Ce dernier fut tout au long du tournage tyrannis茅 par le r茅alisateur, Ford le reprenant sans cesse sur sa fa莽on de marcher, de jouer, de parler. 芦聽Je l鈥檃urais tu茅. Il me mettait en rage. Mais Ford savait ce qu鈥檌l faisait. Il savait que j鈥檃vais honte d鈥櫭猼re un cow-boy de westerns de s茅ries B et de me retrouver l脿, en compagnie de ces grandes vedettes.聽禄聽Ford offrit 脿 son acteur vedette l鈥檜ne des 芦聽plus belles entr茅es de star de l鈥檋istoire du cin茅ma聽禄, avec son fameux mouvement de cam茅ra laissant appara卯tre Ringo Kid, une selle dans une main, un fusil dans l鈥檃utre.



La Chevauch茅e fantastique聽fut un succ猫s public聽et re莽ut sept nominations aux聽Oscar du cin茅ma. Les cons茅quences furent nombreuses 聽: le聽western聽comme genre de cin茅ma fut r茅habilit茅 (le critique Frank S. Nugent 茅crivit 聽: 芦聽Dans un grand geste superbe, John Ford a balay茅 dix ans d鈥檃rtifice et de compromis et a r茅alis茅 un film qui fait chanter la cam茅ra聽禄) et John Wayne sortit enfin de l鈥檌mpasse dans laquelle il se trouvait depuis le d茅but des ann茅es 1930.

1940-1951聽: L鈥檃ffirmation d鈥檜n h茅ros de cin茅ma am茅ricain

Des retrouvailles professionnelles

聽John Wayne dans聽Les Naufrageurs des mers du sud, de聽Cecil B. DeMille, en 1942.

Le succ猫s international de聽La Chevauch茅e fantastique聽fit de John Wayne une star, aupr猫s du public et des r茅alisateurs. Son salaire fut multipli茅 par trois, puis par onze en 1946, et il devint alors un des acteurs les plus chers avec聽Gary Cooper聽ou聽Clark Gable. Il retrouva le r茅alisateur聽Raoul Walsh聽en 1940 pour un western sur fond de guerre civile,聽L鈥橢scadron noir, avec聽Claire Trevor. La m锚me ann茅e, il fut engag茅 pour incarner un Am茅ricain accueillant des r茅fugi茅s allemands fuyant le r茅gime nazi dans聽Les D茅racin茅s, et retrouva聽John Ford聽pour聽Les Hommes de la mer. Tourn茅 rapidement et pour un co没t relativement modeste, le film ne fut pas un succ猫s public. De plus, Wayne n鈥櫭﹖ait toujours pas pris au s茅rieux par le r茅alisateur qui ne le pensait pas capable de jouer des r么les plus complexes. Il tourna un dernier film cette ann茅e 1940,聽La Maison des sept p茅ch茅s, premi猫re collaboration avec聽Marl猫ne Dietrich, avec qui il s鈥檈ntendit 脿 merveille33.


Il fut contact茅 par le r茅alisateur聽Cecil B. DeMille. Wayne, qui n鈥檃vait pas oubli茅 sa premi猫re rencontre infructueuse avec lui, refusa de jouer dans son film, en lui adressant une longue notice visant 脿 modifier le sc茅nario. DeMille le rappela, John Wayne se fit prier et, apr猫s plusieurs discussions, DeMille obtint que John Wayne tourn芒t dans聽Les Naufrageurs des mers du sud, en compagnie de聽Ray Milland聽et聽Paulette Goddard,



l鈥檋istoire d鈥檜n pilleur d鈥櫭﹑aves dans les Cara茂bes. Le tournage fut agr茅able, l鈥檈ntente parfaite, ce qui fit d茅clarer 脿 Wayne 聽: 芦聽Apr猫s avoir tourn茅 avec lui, j鈥檃i pu garder la t锚te haute, en d茅pit des films d茅gueulasses que je devais faire pour Republic.聽禄 L鈥檃nn茅e 1942 vit 茅galement聽Lady for a Night, de聽Leigh Jason聽avec聽Joan Blondell聽pour partenaire.

Apr猫s l鈥檈ntr茅e en guerre des聽脡tats-Unis, John Wayne voulut s鈥檈ngager pour partir combattre en Europe. Mais, mari茅 et p猫re de quatre enfants, sa demande fut rejet茅e 脿 plusieurs reprises. Sa participation se r茅duisit alors 脿 des visites dans des camps. Il d茅clara plus tard 聽: 芦聽J鈥檃i toujours eu honte de ne pas avoir combattu. Lorsque j鈥檌nterpr猫te un officier 脿 la t锚te de son commando, j鈥檃i une pi猫tre opinion de moi-m锚me.聽禄

Patriote et soldat au cin茅ma

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le p猫re de Joe Dassin )

Il retrouva聽Marl猫ne Dietrich聽en 1942 dans une nouvelle adaptation du roman de聽Rex Beach,聽Les 脡cumeurs,聽avec un jeune premier,聽Randolph Scott, puis dans聽La Fi猫vre de l鈥檕r noir, qui connut un accueil chaleureux de la part du public. Wayne incarna 茅galement un pilote de l鈥檃rm茅e am茅ricaine combattant les Japonais dans聽Les Tigres volants, film de propagande r茅alis茅 par聽David Miller.聽Sacramento, un nouveau western, fut choisi par John Wayne car il devait incarner un pharmacien, une mani猫re de rendre hommage 脿 son p猫re d茅c茅d茅 en 1938.

Les ann茅es suivantes, John Wayne tourna une s茅rie de films de guerre 聽:聽Quelque part en France聽de聽Jules Dassin

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le p猫re de Joe Dassin )

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le p猫re de Joe Dassin )

o霉 il incarna un pilote r茅fugi茅 en Normandie, puis聽Alerte aux marines. Aux c么t茅s d鈥櫬Anthony Quinn, il incarna un colonel am茅ricain luttant avec les r茅sistants philippins dans聽Retour aux Philippines. R茅publicain et patriote, Wayne critiqua par la suite le travail du r茅alisateur聽Edward Dmytryk, qui fut li茅 au parti communiste et figura sur la liste des聽Dix d鈥橦ollywood, ainsi que le sc茅nario. Il retrouva ensuite聽John Ford聽pour聽Les Sacrifi茅s聽– qui se d茅roule pendant la聽guerre du Pacifique聽– aux c么t茅s d鈥檜n jeune acteur,聽Robert Montgomery. Le film rapporta de l鈥檃rgent et se classa parmi les vingt plus gros succ猫s de l鈥檃nn茅e.

Entre temps, John Wayne revint au western dans聽L鈥橝mazone aux yeux verts, revenant sur sa d茅claration de ne plus jamais en tourner. Sc茅naris茅 et interpr茅t茅 par son ami聽Paul Fix, le film imposa durablement l鈥檌mage virile, nonchalante et misogyne de son personnage.

En revanche,聽King Vidor聽ne peut le diriger avec聽Hedy Lamarr聽dans聽Duel au soleil聽(1946), western lyrique et exacerb茅 finalement interpr茅t茅 par聽Gregory Peck聽et聽Jennifer Jones聽et devenu un classique. Il encha卯na par la suite quelques films pass茅s inaper莽us,聽La Femme du pionnier,聽Sans r茅serve聽avec聽Claudette Colbert聽et聽L鈥橝nge et le mauvais gar莽on. Pour faire 芦聽rentrer l鈥檃rgent聽禄, il tourna 茅galement聽Ta茂koun, de nouveau avec聽Anthony Quinn. En 1948, John Wayne, devenu une vedette importante, faisait partie des acteurs pr茅f茅r茅s du public am茅ricain, avec聽Clark Gable,聽Gary Cooper聽et聽Humphrey Bogart.

Hawks, la Cavalerie et le Pacifique

En 1947,聽John Ford聽tourna le premier volet d鈥檜ne trilogie consacr茅e 脿 la cavalerie am茅ricaine,聽Le Massacre de Fort Apache聽avec pour vedettesHenry Fonda聽et John Wayne dans un r么le d鈥檕fficier 芦聽humain et pacifiste聽禄. Tourn茅 脿聽Monument Valley聽pour un budget modeste, le film r茅unit 茅galement聽Ward Bond聽et聽Victor McLaglen. John Wayne, habitu茅 aux humeurs du r茅alisateur, fut un soutien psychologique pr茅cieux pour le jeune聽John Agar, martyris茅 par Ford48. L鈥檃ccueil public fut chaleureux. Il enchaina avec un r么le de nouveau refus茅 par聽Gary Cooper, celui de Tom Dunson dans聽La Rivi猫re rouge聽de聽Howard Hawks聽qui signait l脿 son premier western. Dans un r么le de cow-boy dur et brutal, Wayne eut pour partenaire聽Montgomery Clift聽avec qui il ne s鈥檈ntendit pas imm茅diatement. Ce film tourn茅 en ext茅rieurs fut 茅galement un grand succ猫s, rapportant plus de dix millions de dollars. Et s鈥檌l ne fut pas r茅compens茅, John Wayne impressionna聽John Ford聽qui d茅clara par la suite 脿Hawks聽: 芦聽Je ne savais pas que ce grand fils de pute pouvait jouer聽禄.


En 1948, il engagea 脿 nouveau John Wayne pour聽Le fils du d茅sert, film en technicolor avec聽Harry Carey Jr., tourn茅 dans la聽vall茅e de la Mort. Wayne tourna ensuite deux films,聽Le R茅veil de la sorci猫re rouge聽avec聽Gail Russell聽et聽Le Bagarreur du Kentucky聽avec聽Oliver Hardy,

Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy

western sans moyens. Deuxi猫me 茅pisode de la trilogie de la cavalerie de聽Ford,聽La Charge h茅ro茂que聽fut tourn茅 en 1949 脿聽Monument Valley聽et remporta un grand succ猫s. L鈥檃nn茅e suivante,聽Rio Grande, suite du聽Massacre de Fort Apache, le mit en sc猫ne aux c么t茅s de聽Maureen O鈥橦araqui devint une partenaire fid猫le en m锚me temps qu鈥檜ne grande amie.

John Wayne enfila de nouveau l鈥檜niforme de l鈥檃rm茅e am茅ricaine dans trois films聽:聽Iwo Jima聽de聽Allan Dwan, pour lequel il fut nomm茅 aux Oscars56,聽Op茅ration dans le Pacifique聽puis聽Les Diables de Guadalcanal聽de聽Nicholas Ray聽(qui d茅savoua le film par la suite, au m锚me titre que Wayne qui le consid茅rait comme une 艙uvre mineure), cl么turant ainsi sa s茅rie de films en hommage aux combattants de la guerre du Pacifique.

1952-1959聽: Une incarnation de l鈥橝m茅rique 脿 l鈥櫭ヽran, un h茅ros aux multiples visages

En 1952, John Wayne tourna 脿 nouveau avec聽Maureen O鈥橦ara聽et聽John Ford. Si Ford ne peut engager le couple d鈥檃cteurs pour son adaptation de聽What Price Glory聽(qu鈥檌ls ont jou茅 sous sa direction sur sc猫ne), ils se consolent largement avec聽L鈥橦omme tranquille, tourn茅 en聽Irlande聽(terre des anc锚tres du r茅alisateur), pour un cachet d茅risoire. Le film, qui racontait le retour d鈥檜n boxeur am茅ricain dans son pays d鈥檕rigine, fut un gros succ猫s commercial dans le monde entier聽et remporta l鈥橭scar du Meilleur Film.聽Big Jim McLain, r茅alis茅 la m锚me ann茅e parEdward Ludwig聽le mettait dans la peau d鈥檜n enqu锚teur de la Commission sur les activit茅s anti-am茅ricaines au service du s茅nateur聽McCarthy.聽L鈥橦omme de bonne volont茅, r茅alis茅 en 1953 par聽Michael Curtiz聽ne remporta pas le succ猫s esp茅r茅 et orienta de nouveau John Wayne vers des films h茅ro茂ques. Sous la direction de聽William Wellman, il tourna聽Aventure dans le Grand Nord, qu鈥檌l coproduisit, et refusa un r么le principal dans聽G茅ant聽(qui fut interpr茅t茅 par聽Rock Hudson). 脡galement coproducteur de聽Hondo, l鈥檋omme du d茅sert, il fut oblig茅 de reprendre le r么le titre, la star du film聽Glenn Ford聽茅tant en d茅saccord avec le r茅alisateur, puis retrouva l鈥櫭﹒uipe de聽Aventure dans le Grand Nord聽pour un nouveau film catastrophe,聽脡crit dans le ciel. Le film fut un grand succ猫s public, nomm茅 aux聽Oscars聽(seule la musique de聽Dimitri Tiomkin聽re莽ut la r茅compense). Sa collaboration avec聽Lana Turner聽pour聽Le Renard des oc茅ans聽fut houleuse, mais il s鈥檈ntendit 脿 merveille avec聽Lauren Bacall聽sur le tournage de聽L鈥橝ll茅e sanglante, qui fut un succ猫s imm茅diat.

La Prisonni猫re du d茅sert聽a 茅t茅 d茅sign茅 plus grand western de tous les temps par l鈥American Film Institute.

Le tournage du聽Conqu茅rant聽en 1956 fut 茅prouvant65. Produit par聽Howard Hughes聽et r茅alis茅 par聽Dick Powell, il mettait en sc猫ne John Wayne dans le r么le 鈥 du chef asiatique聽Gengis Khan, avec聽Susan Hayward聽pour partenaire.

Tourn茅 pr猫s d鈥檜n site d鈥檈ssais nucl茅aires, il fut probablement 脿 l鈥檕rigine du cancer de l鈥檃cteur (et d鈥檜ne grande partie de l鈥櫭﹒uipe du film). En outre, il fut un lourd 茅chec au box-office. La m锚me ann茅e, Wayne tourna un nouveau western sous la direction de聽John Ford,聽La Prisonni猫re du d茅sert. Tourn茅 sur deux saisons (l鈥檋iver et l鈥櫭﹖茅), 脿聽Monument Valley聽notamment, le film permit 脿 John Wayne de cr茅er un personnage sombre et violent. Le film fut un 茅norme succ猫s 脿 sa sortie et plusieurs critiques lou猫rent le travail du r茅alisateur. En outre, il est aujourd鈥檋ui consid茅r茅 par l鈥American Film Institute聽comme le plus grand western de tous les temps.

En 1957, de nouveau avec聽Ford, il tourna聽L鈥檃igle vole au soleil, un film de guerre adapt茅 de la biographie du h茅ros Frank Wead, avant d鈥檈nchainer avec un film d鈥檈spionnage,聽Les espions s鈥檃musent. Mise en sc猫ne par聽Joseph von Sternberg, avec l鈥檃ctrice聽Janet Leigh, cette com茅die d鈥檈spionnage 茅tait consid茅r茅e par John Wayne comme son plus mauvais film. L鈥檃nn茅e suivante, il forma un couple 脿 l鈥櫭ヽran avec聽Sophia Loren聽dans聽La Cit茅 disparue, tourn茅 en partie en聽Italie聽par聽Henry Hathaway, puis entama le tournage du聽Barbare et la Geisha, sous la direction de聽John Huston. Les relations furent souvent tendues entre les deux hommes, et le film fut un 茅chec. Wayne fut engag茅 de nouveau par聽Howard Hawks聽pour jouer dans聽Rio Bravo, aux c么t茅s de聽Dean Martin聽et聽Rick Nelson. Construit comme l鈥檕pposition sc茅naristique du聽Train sifflera trois fois, le film fut un gros succ猫s populaire et critique. Son nouveau projet avec聽John Ford聽et聽William Holden,聽Les Cavaliers, fut difficile聽: le sc茅nario 茅tait complexe, le r茅alisateur vieillissait, des tensions intervinrent entre les soci茅t茅s de production et un cascadeur se tua sur le tournage.

susan hayward

susan hayward

1960-1976聽: La fin du g茅ant

John Wayne r茅alise en 1960聽Alamo, qui fut une tr猫s belle fresque historique. N茅anmoins le sc茅nariste de ce film se permit quelques libert茅s par rapport aux causes et au d茅roulement de la bataille. En r茅alisant ce film, John Wayne souhaitait montrer l鈥檃bn茅gation des hommes 脿 d茅fendre une cause qui leur semble juste, telle la r茅publique ou la libert茅. L鈥檃cteur reste fid猫le 脿 ce genre et retrouve 脿 plusieurs reprises聽Henry Hathaway聽(1960聽:聽Le Grand Sam聽avec聽Stewart Granger, 1965聽:聽Les Quatre Fils de Katie Elder聽avec聽Dean Martin, 1969聽:聽Cent dollars pour un sh茅rif),聽Howard Hawks聽(1966聽:聽El Dorado聽avec聽Robert Mitchum, 1970聽:聽Rio Lobo聽avec聽Jennifer O鈥橬eill), et bien s没r Ford pour聽L鈥橦omme qui tua Liberty Valance聽(1962) face 脿James Stewart, plus tard tournant beaucoup avec聽Andrew V. McLaglen聽(1963聽:聽Le Grand McLintock聽qui r茅unit Wayne avec聽Maureen O鈥橦ara聽et聽Yvonne De Carlo, 1969聽:聽Les G茅ants de l鈥橭uest聽face 脿聽Rock Hudson, 1970聽:聽Chisum, 1973聽:聽Les Cordes de la potence).

La star continue de privil茅gier le film d鈥檃venture 聽: exotique (en 1962聽Hatari聽!聽de Hawks), de guerre (en 1962聽Le Jour le plus long, en 1965聽Premi猫re Victoire聽d鈥Otto Preminger聽avec聽Kirk Douglas, en 1966聽L鈥橭mbre d鈥檜n g茅ant聽avec聽Yul Brynner聽et聽Frank Sinatra). Il participe aux superproductions聽Le Plus Grand Cirque du monde聽d鈥橦athaway (1964) avec聽Rita Hayworth

Rita Hayworth

Rita Hayworth

etClaudia Cardinale聽et聽La Plus Grande Histoire jamais cont茅e聽de聽George Stevens聽(1965) o霉 il incarne le centurion de la Crucifixion. Finalement il ne se d茅tend vraiment 脿 l鈥櫭ヽran que chez Ford, dans聽La Taverne de l鈥橧rlandais聽(1963).

Lui-m锚me revient 脿 la mise en sc猫ne en 1968 pour le tr猫s pol茅mique聽Les B茅rets verts. L鈥檈ssentiel est ailleurs聽: min茅 par la maladie mais toujours tr猫s actif, ce grand s茅ducteur de l鈥櫭ヽran s鈥檕ffre un dernier tour avec sa partenaire favorite,聽Maureen O鈥橦ara, dans聽Big Jake聽en 1971 (que Wayne cor茅alise), et un duel avec une autre g茅ante,聽Katharine Hepburn, dans le western humoristique聽Une bible et un fusil聽(1975). Sur le tard, il tourne deux policiers聽:聽Un silencieux au bout du canon聽de聽John Sturges聽(1974) et聽Brannigan聽(1975). L鈥檃nn茅e de sa mort, sa carri猫re se cl么t sur un western au titre mythique聽:聽Le Dernier des g茅ants, dirig茅 par聽Don Siegel, o霉 John retrouve聽James Stewart聽et聽Lauren Bacall. Une 茅poque dispara卯t.

En 1964, on diagnostique chez Wayne un聽cancer du poumon. Des rumeurs affirment que le responsable de ce cancer 茅tait le site nucl茅aire de Yucca Flat, proche du plateau de cin茅ma lors du tournage du film聽Le Conqu茅rant. Patriote, John Wayne pensait que les six paquets de cigarettes qu鈥檌l fumait par jour en 茅taient la cause.

聽John Wayne dans聽Rio Bravo

Toujours pr茅sent 脿 l鈥櫭ヽran dans des premiers r么les malgr茅 la maladie jusqu鈥檈n 1976, il d茅c猫de finalement d鈥檜n cancer de l鈥檈stomac le聽11juin1979.聽D鈥檃pr猫s son fils Patrick, il se convertit au聽catholicisme聽peu avant sa mort . Il est enterr茅 au cimeti猫re de Pacific View 脿 Corona del Mar.

Engagement politique

John Wayne 茅tait connu pour ses opinions patriotiques, anti-communistes et conservatrices. Star du聽parti r茅publicain, il s鈥檌mpliqua dans la cr茅ation de la Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, une association am茅ricaine de cin茅ma conservatrice. S鈥檌l n鈥檃 pas 茅t茅 incorpor茅 pendant la聽Seconde Guerre mondiale聽pour des raisons familiales, il a toujours soutenu l鈥檈ffort de guerre am茅ricain 聽: il incarnera toutes les cat茅gories de soldats am茅ricains et cosigne, en聽1968, avec聽Les B茅rets verts聽le seul film am茅ricain ouvertement pro-guerre du Vietnam.

En聽1964, il soutient encore la candidature de聽Barry Goldwater聽脿 la pr茅sidence des 脡tats-Unis et, en聽1968, est approch茅 pour 锚tre lui-m锚me le candidat du parti r茅publicain. Il d茅clina la proposition au pr茅texte qu鈥檌l ne pensait pas que le public pourrait envoyer un acteur 脿 la聽Maison-Blanche. Il fut m锚me approch茅 pour 锚tre le colistier du candidat聽dixiecratGeorge Wallace. Il ne donna pas suite. John Wayne fut cependant un ardent soutien de son ami, l鈥檃cteur聽Ronald Reagan, lors de ses candidatures au poste de gouverneur de聽Californie聽en聽1966聽et聽1970.


Il est le p猫re de聽Michael Wayne聽(19342003), acteur et producteur, et de聽Patrick Wayne聽(n茅 en聽1939), acteur.


Le Congr猫s am茅ricain lui d茅cerne le 26 mai 1979 la聽M茅daille d鈥檕r du Congr猫s聽(plus haute distinction civile qui puisse 锚tre accord茅e 脿 un citoyen). 脡v茅nement exceptionnel car cette d茅coration ne fut d茅cern茅e que deux fois 脿 des acteurs du cin茅ma, John Wayne et Francis Albert Sinatra, dit聽Frank Sinatra, le 14 mai 1997.

John Wayne the legend

John Wayne the legend


Vous pouvez lire aussi 聽 / You can real also : 聽Angie Dickinson (Rio Bravo)







Wikipedia sources:聽

Cary Grant聽(born聽Archibald Alexander Leach; January 18, 1904 鈥 November 29, 1986) was an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his聽transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and “dashing good looks”, Grant is considered one of聽classic Hollywood‘s definitive聽leading men.


Notorious聽(1946),聽The Bishop’s Wife聽(1947),聽To Catch a Thief聽(1955),聽An Affair to Remember聽(1957),聽North by Northwest聽(1959), and聽Charade聽(1963).

Nominated twice for the聽Academy Award for Best Actor聽(Penny Serenade聽and聽None But the Lonely Heart) and five times for a聽Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, Grant was continually passed over. In 1970, he was presented an聽Honorary Oscar聽at the聽42nd Academy Awards聽by聽Frank Sinatra聽“for his unique mastery of the art of screen acting with the respect and affection of his colleagues

Early life and career

Archibald Alexander Leach was born at 15 Hughenden Road,聽Horfield,聽Bristol,聽England, to Elsie Maria (n茅e Kingdon) Leach (1877鈥1973) and Elias James Leach (1873鈥1935).聽An only child, Leach had an unhappy upbringing, attending聽Bishop Road Primary School.



His mother had suffered from聽clinical depression聽since the death of a previous child. Her husband placed her in a聽mental institution聽and told his 9-year-old son only that she had gone away on a “long holiday”. Believing she was dead, Leach did not learn otherwise until he was 31 and discovered her alive in a care facility.聽聽When Leach was 10, his father abandoned him after remarrying and having a baby with his new young wife.聽

Leach was expelled from the聽Fairfield Grammar School聽in Bristol in 1918. After joining the “Bob Pender Stage Troupe”, Leach performed as a聽stilt walker聽and traveled with the group to the United States in 1920 at the age of 16 on the聽RMS聽Olympic, on a two-year tour of the country. He was processed at聽Ellis Island聽on July 28, 1920.

When the troupe returned to the UK, he decided to stay in the U.S. and continue his stage career. During this time, he became a part of thevaudeville聽world and toured with Parker, Rand, and Leach.


Still using his birth name, he performed on the stage at聽The Muny聽in聽St. Louis,Missouri, in such shows as聽Irene聽(1931),聽Music in May聽(1931),聽Nina Rosa聽(1931),聽Rio Rita聽(1931),聽Street Singer聽(1931),聽The Three Musketeers聽(1931), and聽Wonderful Night聽(1931). Leach’s experience on stage as a stilt walker, acrobat, juggler, and聽mime聽taught him “phenomenal physical grace and exquisite comic timing” and the value of teamwork, skills which would benefit him in Hollywood.

Leach became a naturalized United States citizen on June 26, 1942, at which time he also legally changed his name from “Archibald Alexander Leach” to “Cary Grant”.

After appearing in several musicals on聽Broadway聽under the name Archie Leach,聽Leach went to Hollywood in 1931.聽聽When told to change his name, he proposed “Cary Lockwood”, the name of the character he had played in the Broadway show聽Nikki, based upon the recent film聽The Last Flight.


He signed with聽Paramount Pictures, where studio bosses decided that the name “Cary” was acceptable but that “Lockwood” was too similar to another actor’s surname. Paramount gave their new actor a list of surnames to choose from, and he selected “Grant” because the initials C and G had already proved lucky for聽Clark Gable聽and聽Gary Cooper, two of Hollywood’s biggest film stars.

Grant appeared as a leading man opposite聽Marlene Dietrich聽in聽Blonde Venus聽(1932), and his stardom was given a further boost by聽Mae Westwhen she chose him for her leading man in two of her most successful films,聽She Done Him Wrong聽and聽I’m No Angel聽(both 1933).聽聽

I’m No Angel聽was a tremendous financial success and, along with聽She Done Him Wrong, which was nominated for an聽Academy Award for Best Picture, saved Paramount from bankruptcy. Paramount put Grant in a series of unsuccessful films until 1936, when he signed with聽Columbia Pictures. His first major comedy hit was when he was loaned to聽Hal Roach‘s studio for the 1937聽Topper聽(which was distributed by聽MGM).

The Awful Truth聽(1937) was a pivotal film in Grant’s career, establishing for him a screen persona as a sophisticated light comedy leading man. As Grant later wrote, “I pretended to be somebody I wanted to be and I finally became that person. Or he became me. Or we met at some point.”聽聽Grant is said to have based his characterization in聽The Awful Truth聽on the mannerisms and intonations of the film’s director,聽Leo McCarey, whom he resembled physically. As writer/director聽Peter Bogdanovich聽noted, “After聽The Awful Truth, when it came to light comedy, there was Cary Grant and then everyone else was an also-ran.”



The Awful Truth聽began what聽The Atlantic聽later called “the most spectacular run ever for an actor in American pictures”. 聽聽During the next four years, Grant appeared in several classic聽romantic comedies聽and聽screwball comedies, including聽Holiday聽(1938) and聽Bringing Up Baby聽(1938), both opposite聽Katharine Hepburn;聽The Philadelphia Story聽(1940) with Hepburn and聽James Stewart;聽His Girl Friday聽(1940) with聽Rosalind Russell; and聽My Favorite Wife聽(1940), which reunited him with聽Irene Dunne, his co-star in聽The Awful Truth. During this time, he also made the adventure films聽Gunga Din聽(1939) with聽Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.聽and聽Only Angels Have Wings聽(1939) with聽Jean Arthur聽and聽Rita Hayworth聽and dramas聽Penny Serenade聽(1941), also with Dunne, and聽Suspicion聽(1941), the first of Grant’s four collaborations with聽Alfred Hitchcock.

Grant remained one of Hollywood’s top box-office attractions for almost 30 years.聽聽Howard Hawks聽said that Grant was “so far the best that there isn’t anybody to be compared to him”.[15]David Thomson聽called him “the best and most important actor in the聽history of the cinema“.

Grant was a favorite of Hitchcock, who called him “the only actor I ever loved in my whole life”. 聽


Besides聽Suspicion, Grant appeared in the Hitchcock classics聽Notorious聽(1946),聽To Catch a Thief(1955), and聽North by Northwest聽(1959). Biographer Patrick McGilligan wrote that in 1965 Hitchcock asked Grant to star in聽Torn Curtain聽(1966) only to learn that Grant had decided to retire after making one more film,聽Walk, Don’t Run聽(1966);聽

Paul Newman聽was cast instead, oppositeJulie Andrews. 聽聽Producers Broccoli and Saltzman originally sought Cary Grant for the role of聽James Bond聽in聽Dr. No聽but discarded the idea as Grant would be committed to only one feature film and the producers decided to go after someone who could be part of a franchise.

In the mid-1950s, Grant formed his own production company, Granart Productions, and produced a number of films distributed by聽Universal, such as聽Operation Petticoat聽(1959),聽Indiscreet聽(1958),That Touch of Mink聽(co-starring with聽Doris Day, 1962), and聽Father Goose聽(1964). In 1963, he appeared opposite聽Audrey Hepburn聽in聽Charade. His last feature film was聽Walk, Don’t Run聽three years later, with聽Samantha Eggar聽and聽Jim Hutton.

Grant was the first actor to “go independent” by not renewing his studio contract, effectively leaving the聽studio system,聽聽which almost completely controlled what an actor could or could not do. In this way, Grant was able to control every aspect of his career, at the risk of not working because no particular studio had an interest in his career long term.

He decided which films he was going to appear in, often had personal choice of directors and co-stars, and at times even negotiated a share of the gross revenue, something uncommon at the time. Grant received more than $700,000 for his 10% of the gross for聽To Catch a Thief聽while Hitchcock received less than $50,000 for directing and producing it.


Grant was nominated for two聽Academy Awards, for聽Penny Serenade聽(1941) and聽None But the Lonely Heart聽(1944), but never won a competitive Oscar; he received a special聽Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement聽in 1970. Accepting the聽Best Original Screenplay聽Oscar in 1965,聽Father Goose聽co-writer Peter Stone had quipped, “My thanks to Cary Grant, who keeps winning these things for other people.” In 1981, Grant was accorded the聽Kennedy Center Honors.

Grant poked fun at himself with statements such as “Everyone wants to be Cary Grant鈥攅ven I want to be Cary Grant”,聽and in ad-lib lines鈥攕uch as in the film聽His Girl Friday, saying, “I never had so much fun since Archie Leach died”. In聽Arsenic and Old Lace聽(1944), a gravestone is seen bearing the name Archie Leach. According to a famous story now believed to be apocryphal, after seeing a聽telegram聽from a magazine editor to his agent asking “How old Cary Grant?” Grant reportedly responded with “Old Cary Grant fine. How you?

Cary Grant retired from the screen at 62 when his daughter Jennifer was born, in order to focus on bringing her up and to provide a sense of permanency and stability in her life.

While bringing up his daughter, he archived artifacts of her childhood and adolescence in a bank-quality room-sized vault he had installed in the house.

His daughter attributed this meticulous collection to the fact that artifacts of his own childhood had been destroyed during the聽Luftwaffe’s bombing of Bristol聽in the聽Second World War聽(an event that also claimed the lives of his uncle, aunt, and cousin as well as the cousin’s husband and grandson), and he may have wanted to prevent her from experiencing a similar loss.

Although Grant had retired from the screen, he remained active.



In the late 1960s, he accepted a position on the board of directors at聽Faberg茅. By all accounts this position was not honorary, as some had assumed; Grant regularly attended meetings and his mere appearance at a product launch would almost certainly guarantee its success. The position also permitted use of a private plane, which Grant could use to fly to see his daughter wherever her mother,聽Dyan Cannon, was working.


He later joined the boards of聽Hollywood Park, the Academy of Magical Arts (The Magic Castle, Hollywood, California), Western Airlines (now聽Delta Air Lines), andMGM.

He was a keen motoring enthusiast and, like many other Hollywood stars of the era, owned many notable cars. One of the first he owned was a 1929 Cadillac Cabriolet. His love of Cadillacs never waned and he later purchased a聽Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz. Other cars that he owned included an聽MG Magnette聽and a聽Sunbeam Alpine聽series one roadster.

In the last few years of his life, Grant undertook tours of the United States in a one-man show,聽A Conversation with Cary Grant, in which he would show clips from his films and answer audience questions. Grant was preparing for a performance at the聽Adler Theatre聽in聽Davenport,聽Iowa, on the afternoon of November 29, 1986, when he sustained a聽cerebral hemorrhage聽(he had previously suffered a stroke in October 1984). His wife did not know what was going on and she went to a local pharmacy to get aspirin. He died at 11:22聽p.m.聽聽in聽St. Luke’s Hospital聽at the age of 82.

The bulk of his estate, worth millions of dollars, went to his fifth wife, Barbara Harris, and his daughter, Jennifer Grant

In 2001, a statue of Grant was erected in Millennium Square, a regenerated area next to聽Bristol Harbour聽in his city of birth, Bristol.

In November 2005, Grant came in first in the “The 50 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time” list by聽Premiere聽magazine. 聽Richard Schickel, the film critic, said about Grant: “He’s the best star actor there ever was in the movies.




Year Film Role Notes
1932 This Is the Night Stephen With聽Lili Damita,聽Charles Ruggles, and聽Thelma Todd
Sinners in the Sun Ridgeway With聽Carole Lombard聽and聽Chester Morris
Singapore Sue First Sailor Musical Comedyshort subject
Merrily We Go to Hell Charlie Baxter UK title:聽Merrily We Go to _____With聽Sylvia Sidney聽and聽Fredric March
Devil and the Deep Lieutenant Jaeckel With聽Tallulah Bankhead聽and聽Gary Cooper
Blonde Venus Nick Townsend With聽Marlene Dietrich
Hot Saturday Romer Sheffield With聽Nancy Carroll聽and聽Edward Woods
Madame Butterfly Lieutenant B.F. Pinkerton With聽Sylvia Sidney聽and聽Charles Ruggles
1933 She Done Him Wrong Capt. Cummings With聽Mae West聽and聽Noah Beery, Sr.
The Woman Accused Jeffrey Baxter With聽Nancy Carroll
The Eagle and the Hawk Henry Crocker With聽Fredric March聽and聽Carole Lombard
Gambling Ship Ace Corbin With聽Jack La Rue聽and聽Glenda Farrell
I’m No Angel Jack Clayton With聽Mae West
Alice in Wonderland The Mock Turtle With聽W. C. Fields聽and聽Gary Cooper
1934 Thirty-Day Princess Porter Madison III With聽Sylvia Sidney聽and聽Edward Arnold
Born to Be Bad Malcolm Trevor With聽Loretta Young(Heavily censored by the聽Hayes Office)
Kiss and Make-Up Dr. Maurice Lamar With聽Helen Mack聽and the聽WAMPAS Baby Stars聽of 1934
Ladies Should Listen Julian De Lussac With聽Frances Drake聽and聽Edward Everett Horton
1935 Enter Madame Gerald Fitzgerald With top-billed聽Elissa Landi
Wings in the Dark Ken Gordon With top-billed聽Myrna Loy
The Last Outpost Michael Andrews With聽Claude Rains
Sylvia Scarlett Jimmy Monkley Directed by聽George CukorWith聽Katharine Hepburn
1936 Big Brown Eyes Det. Sgt. Danny Barr With聽Joan Bennett聽and聽Walter Pidgeon
Suzy Andre With聽Jean Harlow聽and聽Franchot Tone
The Amazing Quest of Ernest Bliss Ernest Bliss US title:聽Romance and RichesAlt title:聽The Amazing Adventure
Wedding Present Charlie With聽Joan Bennett
1937 When You’re in Love Jimmy Hudson UK title:聽For You AloneWith聽Grace Moore
Topper George Kerby With聽Constance Bennett
The Toast of New York Nicholas “Nick” Boyd With聽Edward Arnold聽and聽Jack Oakie
The Awful Truth Jerry Warriner Directed by聽Leo McCarey
With聽Irene Dunne聽and聽Ralph Bellamy
Introduced the “Cary Grant persona”
1938 Bringing up Baby Dr. David Huxley Directed by聽Howard Hawks
With聽Katharine Hepburn聽and聽Charles Ruggles
Holiday John “Johnny” Case Directed by George Cukor
With聽Katharine Hepburn
UK title:聽Free to Live
1939 Gunga Din Sgt. Archibald Cutter Directed by聽George Stevens
With聽Victor McLaglen聽and聽Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
Only Angels Have Wings Geoff Carter Directed by聽Howard Hawks
With聽Jean Arthur,聽Thomas Mitchell聽and聽Rita Hayworth
In Name Only Alec Walker With聽Carole Lombard聽and聽Charles Coburn
1940 His Girl Friday Walter Burns Directed by聽Howard Hawks
Remake of聽The Front Page
With聽Rosalind Russell聽and聽Ralph Bellamy
My Favorite Wife Nick Co-written by聽Leo McCarey
Directed by聽Garson Kanin
With聽Irene Dunne聽and聽Gail Patrick
The Howards of Virginia Matt Howard UK title:聽The Tree of Liberty
With聽Martha Scott
The Philadelphia Story C.K. Dexter Haven With聽Katharine Hepburn聽and聽James Stewart
1941 Penny Serenade Roger Adams Nominated鈥Academy Award for Best Actor
Directed by聽George Stevens
With聽Irene Dunne聽and聽Edgar Buchanan
Suspicion Johnnie Directed by聽Alfred Hitchcock
With聽Joan Fontaine
1942 The Talk of the Town Leopold Dilg聽aka聽Joseph With聽Ronald Colman聽and聽Jean Arthur
Once Upon a Honeymoon Patrick “Pat” O’Toole Directed by聽Leo McCarey
With聽Ginger Rogers
1943 Mr. Lucky Joe Adams/Joe Bascopolous With聽Laraine Day聽and聽Charles Bickford
Destination Tokyo Capt. Cassidy With聽John Garfield聽and聽Dane Clark
1944 Once Upon a Time Jerry Flynn With聽Janet Blair
Arsenic and Old Lace Mortimer Brewster With聽Priscilla Lane聽and聽Peter Lorre
None But the Lonely Heart Ernie Mott Nominated鈥Academy Award for Best ActorWritten and directed by聽Clifford Odets
With聽Ethel Barrymore
1946 Without Reservations Himself (cameo) With聽Claudette Colbert聽and聽John Wayne
Night and Day Cole Porter Directed by聽Michael Curtiz
Notorious T.R. Devlin Directed by Alfred Hitchcock
With聽Ingrid Bergman聽and聽Claude Rains
1947 The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Dick UK title:聽Bachelor KnightWith聽Myrna Loy聽and聽Shirley Temple
The Bishop’s Wife Dudley With聽Loretta Young聽and聽David Niven
1948 Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House Jim Blandings With聽Myrna Loy聽and聽Melvyn Douglas
Every Girl Should Be Married Dr. Madison W. Brown With聽Betsy Drake
1949 I Was a Male War Bride Capt. Henri Rochard UK title:聽You Can’t Sleep Here
With聽Ann Sheridan
1950 Crisis Dr. Eugene Norland Ferguson With聽Jose Ferrer
1951 People Will Talk Dr. Noah Praetorius With聽Jeanne Crain
1952 Room for One More George “Poppy” Rose With聽Betsy Drake
Monkey Business Dr. Barnaby Fulton Directed by聽Howard Hawks
With聽Ginger Rogers聽and聽Marilyn Monroe
1953 Dream Wife Clemson Reade With聽Deborah Kerr聽and聽Walter Pidgeon
1955 To Catch a Thief John Robie Directed by聽Alfred Hitchcock
With聽Grace Kelly
1957 The Pride and the Passion Anthony With聽Frank Sinatra聽and聽Sophia Loren
An Affair to Remember Nickie Ferrante A same-script remake of聽Love Affair (1939 film), both directed by聽Leo McCareyWith聽Deborah Kerr
Kiss Them for Me Cmdr. Andy Crewson Directed by聽Stanley Donen
With聽Jayne Mansfield聽and聽Suzy Parker
1958 Indiscreet Philip Adams Nominated鈥Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 鈥 Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by聽Stanley Donen
With聽Ingrid Bergman
Houseboat Tom Winters With聽Sophia Loren
1959 North by Northwest Roger O. Thornhill Directed by Alfred HitchcockWith聽Eva Marie Saint,聽James Mason聽and聽Martin Landau
Famous scene of Grant being chased by a聽biplane
Operation Petticoat Lt. Cmdr. Matt T. Sherman Nominated鈥Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 鈥 Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
With聽Dina Merrill聽and聽Arthur O’Connell
1960 The Grass Is Greener Victor Rhyall, Earl Nominated鈥Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 鈥 Motion Picture Musical or ComedyDirected by聽Stanley Donen
With聽Deborah Kerr,聽Robert Mitchum聽and聽Jean Simmons
1962 That Touch of Mink Philip Shayne Nominated鈥Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 鈥 Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by聽Delbert Mann
With聽Doris Day聽and聽Gig Young
1963 Charade Peter Joshua / Alexander Dyle / Adam Canfield / Brian Cruikshank Nominated鈥BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated鈥Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 鈥 Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by聽Stanley Donen
With聽Audrey Hepburn,聽Walter Matthau聽and聽James Coburn
1964 Father Goose Walter Christopher Eckland Directed by聽Ralph Nelson
With聽Leslie Caron聽and聽Trevor Howard
1966 Walk, Don’t Run Sir William Rutland With聽Samantha EggarRemake聽of聽The More the Merrier

聽CARY GRANT : Here also another article

A lire aussi ( A french article)




Single Or Married

Remember Aunt Clara ?? Bewitched?

Marion Lorne (August 12, 1883 鈥 May 9, 1968) was an American actress of stage, film, and television. After a career in theatre in New York and London, Lorne made her first film in 1951, and for the remainder of her life, played small roles in films and television.

Her recurring role, between 1964 and her death in 1968, as Aunt Clara in the comedy series, Bewitched (1964鈥1972) brought her widespread recognition, and for which she was posthumously awarded an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series. 聽

She was born Marion Lorne MacDougall in West Pittston, Pennsylvania, a small mining town halfway between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton, of Scottish and English immigrant parents. 聽While her year of birth is listed as 1885 on her tombstone, it was usually listed as 1888 when she was alive and the Social Security Death Index lists it as 1883. She studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City.

Career Lorne debuted on Broadway in 1905; she also acted in London theaters, enjoying a flourishing stage career on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.

In London she had her own theater, the Whitehall, where she had top billing in plays written by Walter Hackett, her husband. None of her productions at the Whitehall had runs shorter than 125 nights.

After appearing in a couple of Vitaphone shorts, including Success (1931) starring Jack Haley, she made her feature film debut in her late 60s in Strangers on a Train (1951), directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

The role was typical of the befuddled, nervous, and somewhat aristocratic matrons that she usually portrayed.

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From 1952-55, Lorne was seen as perpetually confused junior high school English teacher Mrs. Gurney on Mr. Peepers. From 1957鈥58, she co-starred with Joan Caulfield in the NBC sitcom Sally in the role of an elderly widow who happens to be the co-owner of a department store. Although afraid of live television, declaring “I’m a coward when it comes to a live [television] show”, 聽she was persuaded to appear a few times to promote the film The Girl Rush with Rosalind Russell in the mid-1950s.

Between 1958鈥64, she made regular appearances on The Garry Moore Show (1958鈥64). Her last role, as Aunt Clara in Bewitched, brought Lorne her widest fame as a lovable, forgetful witch who is losing her powers due to old age and whose spells usually end in disaster. Aunt Clara is obsessed with doorknobs, often bringing her collection with her on visits.

Lorne had an extensive collection of doorknobs in real life, some of which she used as props in the series.[8] Death She appeared in twenty-seven episodes of Bewitched, and was not replaced after she died of a heart attack in her Manhattan apartment, just prior to the start of production of the show’s fifth season, at the age of 84 on May 9, 1968. Lorne is buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Greenburgh, New York.

Posthumous The producers of Bewitched recognized that Lorne’s performance as Aunt Clara could not be replicated by another actress. 聽Comedic actress Alice Ghostley was recruited to fill the gap as “Esmeralda”, a different type of befuddled witch with wobbly magic whose spells often went astray.

Coincidentally, Lorne and Ghostley had appeared side-by-side as partygoers in the iconic comedy-drama film The Graduate , made the year before Lorne’s death. 聽She received a posthumous Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on Bewitched. The statue was accepted by Bewitched star Elizabeth Montgomery. Personal life She was married to playwright Walter Hackett, who died in 1944. WIKIPEDIA 聽SOURCES聽 Personal life She was married to playwright Walter Hackett, who died in 1944.

Ali Mac Graw

Elizabeth Alice “Ali” MacGraw (born April 1, 1939) is an American actress, model, author, and animal rights activist.

Ali MacGraw

Ali MacGraw


She first gained attention with her role in the 1969 film Goodbye, Columbus, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer. She reached international fame in 1970’s Love Story, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture 鈥 Drama.

In 1972, MacGraw was voted the top female box office star in the world and was honored with a hands and footprints ceremony at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre after having been in just three films. She went on to star in the popular action films The Getaway (1972) and Convoy (1978) as well as the romantic sports drama Players (1979), the comedy Just Tell Me What You Want (1980), and the historical novel-based television miniseries The Winds of War (1983). In 1991, she published an autobiography, Moving Pictures.

MacGraw was born in Pound Ridge, New York, the daughter of commercial artists Frances (n茅e Klein; 1901鈥1980)聽 and Richard MacGraw.

She has one brother, Dick, an artist. Her father was adopted. Her maternal grandparents were from Budapest, Hungary, of Jewish heritage.

MacGraw’s mother chose not to disclose her true ethnicity to her father, instead professing ignorance about it. “I think Daddy was bigoted,” MacGraw has said.

Her mother was considered a “pioneer” as an artist, who had taught school in Paris before settling in Greenwich Village.

Her parents married when her mother was 40: “My gorgeous father: a combination of Tyrone Power and a mystery, a brilliant artist and a brain beyond brains.”

He was born in New Jersey with his childhood spent in an orphanage. He ran away to sea when he was 16 and studied art in Munich. MacGraw adds, “Daddy was frightened and really, really angry. He never forgave his real parents for giving him up.”

As an adult, he constantly suppressed the rage he built up against his parents.

She described her father as “violent”.

Beginning in 1960, MacGraw spent six years working at Harper’s Bazaar magazine as a photographic assistant to fashion maven Diana Vreeland.

She worked at Vogue magazine as a fashion model, and as a photographer’s stylist. She has also worked as an interior decorator.

ALI Mac Graw

ALI Mac Graw

MacGraw started her acting career in television commercials, including one for the Polaroid Swinger camera. MacGraw gained critical notice in the 1969 film Goodbye, Columbus, but real stardom came in 1970 when she starred opposite Ryan O’Neal in Love Story, one of the highest-grossing films in U.S. history.

MacGraw was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for that performance. Following Love Story, MacGraw was celebrated on the cover of Time magazine.


In 1972, after appearing in just three films, she had her footprints and autograph engraved at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre. She then starred opposite Steve McQueen in The Getaway (1972), which was one of the year’s top ten films at the box office.

Having taken a five-year break from acting, in 1978 MacGraw re-emerged in another box office hit, Convoy (1978), opposite Kris Kristofferson. She then appeared in the films Players (1979) and Just Tell Me What You Want (1980), directed by Sidney Lumet.

In 1983, MacGraw starred in the highly successful television miniseries The Winds of War.

In 1985, MacGraw joined hit ABC prime-time soap opera Dynasty as Lady Ashley Mitchell, which, she admitted in a 2011 interview, she did for the money.

She appeared in 14 episodes of the show before her character was killed off in the infamous “Moldavian wedding massacre” cliffhanger episode in 1985.

MacGraw made her Broadway theatre debut in New York City in 2006 as a dysfunctional matriarch in the drama Festen (The Celebration).

In 2016, MacGraw reunited with Love Story co-star Ryan O’Neal in a staging of A.R. Gurney’s play Love Letters.

In 1991, People magazine selected MacGraw as one of its “50 Most Beautiful People” in the World.


In 2008 GQ magazine listed her in their “Sexiest 25 Women in Film Ever” edition.

Having become a Hatha Yoga devotee in her early 50s, MacGraw produced a yoga video with the American Yoga Master Erich Schiffmann, Ali MacGraw Yoga Mind and Body.

This video was a bestseller upon release and still popular more than a decade later. The video’s impact was such that in June 2007 Vanity Fair magazine credited MacGraw with being one of the people responsible for the practice’s recent popularity in the United States.

In July 2006, MacGraw filmed a public service announcement for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), urging residents to take their pets with them in the event of wildfires.

In 2008, she wrote the foreword to the book Pawprints of Katrina 聽by author Cathy Scott and photography by Clay Myers about Best Friends Animal Society and the largest pet rescue in U.S. history.

An animal rights advocate throughout her life, she received the Humane Education Award by Animal Protection of New Mexico for speaking out about animal issues.


MacGraw has acknowledged having had an abortion in her early twenties, at a time when the procedure was illegal.

After college, she married Robin Hoen, a Harvard-educated banker, but they divorced after a year and a half.

Ali and Kris Kristofferson in Convoy

Ali and Kris Kristofferson in Convoy

On October 24, 1969, MacGraw married film producer Robert Evans; their son, Josh Evans, is an actor, director, producer and screenwriter.

They divorced in 1972 after she became involved with Steve McQueen on the set of The Getaway. She married McQueen on August 31, 1973, in Cheyenne, Wyoming, and divorced him in 1978.






MacGraw’s autobiography, Moving Pictures revealed her struggles with alcohol and sex addiction. She was treated for the former at the Betty Ford Center.


When former husband Evans received his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2002, she accompanied him. Their grandson Jackson was born in December 2010 to Josh and his wife, singer Roxy Saint.


Since 1994 she has lived in Tesuque, New Mexico, after “fleeing Malibu” when a house she was renting burned down.


Ali Mac Graw

Ali Mac Graw



Also :聽 聽聽


Sources : Youtube / Pinterest / Wikipedia

Kirk Douglas




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wild target

wild target

Victor Maynard (Bill Nighy) is an experienced and efficient assassin living a lonely life in accordance with his family’s business. Victor follows a family line of professional assassins, and he completes his assignments quickly and without remorse.

One afternoon, after killing one of his targets, he hesitates in killing the pet parrot, Roger, and instead takes him as a gift to his mother, Louisa (Eileen Atkins) an intimidating woman who was, until recently, also Victor’s housemate.

In celebration of his 55th birthday, she gives him a leather bound book with newspaper clippings of each of his kills from his first to his most recent, leaving pages for future hits to be included.

She also expresses concern that he might be homosexual, wondering why he hasn’t produced a successor.

Rose (Emily Blunt) is a not-so-average girl with a talent for thievery.

Her most recent theft involves the sale of a fake Rembrandt painting (painted by her friend in the Restoration Department of the National Gallery) to Ferguson (Rupert Everett), managing to swindle him out of 拢900,000.

Ferguson soon discovers the swap and hires the best hitman, Victor Maynard, to dispose of her. Victor takes the case and immediately tracks Rose down, missing several opportunities to kill her, and accidentally killing a random stall customer in a changing room.

He follows her to a balcony opposite her hotel room and tries to shoot her through the window, but is interrupted by the arrival of the front doorman.

Emily blunt

Emily blunt


Victor sets up a microphone and headset to keep her under surveillance, but falls asleep, unable to listen to their noisy lovemaking. He wakes the following morning, just as she is leaving. He has the opportunity to shoot but pauses.

His mother, Louisa, is disappointed by this missed target (and has apparently killed Roger with a knitting needle) and suggests that Victor apologize to his employer and offer to do the hit for free. He tracks Rose down in a parking garage where he sees another hitman ready to kill her. He takes the preemptive shot, killing the other assassin.

He and Rose get into her car, only to be forced out again by Mike (Gregor Fisher), another assassin hiding in the back seat of her Mini. Mike throws Victor’s gun away and lines them up on the wall to be shot and killed, but instead is wounded by Tony (Rupert Grint), an apparently homeless young man who had picked up the dead man’s gun. Saying it was his first time handling a firearm, he impresses Victor enough to consider a prot茅g茅.

But he sends Tony home and Victor and Rose flee. Mike starts firing at them and they nearly run over Tony on his way out of the garage, forcing him to join the ride.

Rose offers Victor his price of 拢30,000 a week for her protection, believing that he is merely a private detective. They travel to a luxury hotel where they can lay low, but by chance get a room on the same floor as Ferguson. Ferguson hires Dixon (Martin Freeman), reputed to be second only to Maynard in proficiency, to kill Rose and Maynard. After several close calls, Mike, who is also Ferguson’s bodyguard, discovers their whereabouts when he spots a pair of boots that Rose had stolen from his dead partner.

Billy Nighy

Billy Nighy


Tony is ambushed in the bathroom and nearly drowned in the bathtub by Mike, but he turns the tables and accidentally shoots Mike’s ear off before the three of them escape the hotel. Ferguson and Mike pursue them in a high-speed chase through the streets of London until Mike loses control and crashes the car, sending the pair to the hospital.

They travel to Maynard’s home, an exclusive farm deep in the countryside, where his furniture is shrink-wrapped and his cat, Snowy, resides with him. Maynard takes Tony on as his apprentice in “private detective” work.

One night (after a sensual foot-massage between Victor and Rose), Rose is attacked by Louisa (Victor’s mother), who had come back to the house to finish what her son had started. He eventually talks her down and after she leaves, the three of them work on becoming friends.

Rose and Tony help Victor celebrate his birthday, and, after a brief period of sexual confusion between Tony and Maynard, Victor falls in love with and sleeps with Rose. Afterwards, his attitude becomes more friendly, and Victor peels off the plastic coverings on all of his furniture and opens up the house. Meanwhile, Rose looks around Victor’s room, finding the leather book that his mother had given him and learning that she was actually his target for assassination.



She also finds Victor’s father’s first gun, a Broomhandle Mauser, and steals it for protection. She runs out of the house after making it clear that she trusts neither Victor nor Tony, and returns to the National Gallery, only to find her friend dead and Dixon and his assistant, Fabian (Geoff Bell), waiting for her.

They quickly return to Victor’s home, and Tony and Victor gain the upper hand when Louisa appears, killing Fabian with a machine gun. Dixon withdraws the old gun Rose had taken from Victor’s room and fires at Victor. It backfires, sending the bolt into his skull. Victor, Tony and Rose bury the pair in the back yard and return to their lives.

Three years later, Victor and Rose are married with a son named Angel and Tony has moved in with them. While Angel is playing one morning, Tony comes outside asking Victor and Rose where the cat had gone off to. They look at Angel in awe as he is innocently patting soft dirt into the yard, suggesting he killed and buried the cat. Victor smiles with pride.




  • Bill Nighy聽as Victor Maynard: A middle aged hit man who is hired by Ferguson to kill Rose after she cons Ferguson out of 拢1,000,000. After purposely missing an opportunity to shoot Rose, Ferguson sends his henchmen to do the deed. Victor kills one henchman and injures another when he is looking for Rose and, concealing his true profession, helps her escape with the help of local聽slacker, Tony. He adopts Tony as his apprentice and Victor realizes he’s fallen in love with Rose.
  • Emily Blunt聽as Rose: A confident con artist who oversteps the mark when she cons Ferguson out of 拢1,000,000 and leaves him with a convincing copy of a Rembrandt self-portrait. Realizing the danger she is in, she stays with Victor and Tony in an attempt to escape her attempted assassination. Her adventurous lifestyle takes a turn when she realizes her enjoyment of Victor’s company.
  • Rupert Grint聽as Tony: A young man who witnesses Victor shooting Ferguson’s bodyguard and decides to stay with Victor for safety. Victor employs him as an apprentice (with Tony thinking Victor is a private detective and later, upon learning Victor is a hit man, taking it in stride) and he soon realizes he has a ‘killer instinct’.
  • Eileen Atkins聽as Louisa Maynard: Victor’s intimidating mother who, while impressed with his profession, is concerned as to what will happen to the family business.
  • Rupert Everett聽as Ferguson: A London gangster who hires Victor to kill Rose.
  • Martin Freeman聽as Hector Dixon: A聽sadistic聽assassin who plays second-fiddle to Victor Maynard. While influenced by Victor, Dixon jumps at the opportunity given to him by Ferguson to dispose of the greatest hit-man ever known.
  • Gregor Fisher聽as Mike: Ferguson’s incompetent henchman whose several attempts to kill Victor, Rose, and Tony leave him in hospital … and with one ear.
  • Geoff Bell聽as Fabian: Dixon’s dull-witted partner.

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Sources : Wikipedia / Youtube

Shirley MacLaine

Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty; April 24, 1934) 聽is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.


An Academy Award winner, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute in 2012, and received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in 2013. She is known for her New Age beliefs, and has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a series of autobiographical works that describe these beliefs, document her world travels, and describe her Hollywood career.

Shirley Mac Laine

Shirley Mac Laine


A six-time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), and Best Actress nominations for Some Came Running (1958), The Apartment (1960), Irma la Douce (1963), and The Turning Point (1977), before winning Best Actress for Terms of Endearment (1983). She twice won the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress, for Ask Any Girl (1959), and The Apartment (1960).

MacLaine won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy-Variety or Music Special for the 1976 TV special, Gypsy In My Soul. She has also won five competitive Golden Globe Awards and received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award at the 1998 ceremony.


Named after Shirley Temple (who was 6 years old at the time), Shirley MacLean Beaty was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (n茅e MacLean), was a drama teacher, originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine’s younger brother is the actor, writer and director Warren Beatty; he changed the spelling of his surname when he became an actor.

Their parents raised them as Baptists. Her uncle (her mother’s brother-in-law) was A. A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s.

Shirley Mac Laine2

Shirley Mac Laine2

While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington and Waverly, eventually taking a position at Arlington’s Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. MacLaine played baseball in an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs which earned her the nickname “Powerhouse”. During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington.

As a toddler she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three.


This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys’ roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class.

Eventually she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella; while warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but then tightened the ribbons on her toe shoes and proceeded to dance the role all the way through before calling for an ambulance.

Ultimately she decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique.

She explained that she didn’t have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite “beautifully constructed feet” of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle.

Also slowly realizing ballet’s propensity to be too all-consuming, and ultimately limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing, acting and musical theater.

MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock’s The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year 鈥 Actress. This was quickly followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models (also 1955).

Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days (1956). This was followed by Hot Spell and a leading role in Some Came Running (both 1958); for the latter film she gained her first Academy Award nomination and a Golden Globe nomination.

Her second Oscar nomination came two years later for The Apartment (1960), starring with Jack Lemmon.

The film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She later said, “I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy.” She starred in The Children’s Hour (1961) also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman and directed by William Wyler.

She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970) said of her: “It’s hard to feel any great warmth to her. She’s too unfeminine and has too much balls. She’s very, very hard.”

At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in Irma la Douce and What a Way to Go! (1964). Other films from this period include Gambit (1966), with Michael Caine, and the film version of the musical Sweet Charity (1968), based on the script for Fellini’s Nights of Cabiria released a decade earlier.


MacLaine’s documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), co-directed with Claudia Weill, concentrates on the experiences of women in China. It was nominated for the year’s Documentary Feature Oscar.

Co-starring with Anne Bancroft in The Turning Point (1977), MacLaine portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself; she was nominated for an Oscar as the Best Actress in a Leading Role. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in FilmCrystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.

In Being There (1979), she appeared with Peter Sellers. In a short-lived MacLaine television sitcom, Shirley’s World (1971鈥72), co-produced by Sheldon Leonard and ITC and shot in the United Kingdom, she was cast as a photojournalist.

Shirley Mac Laine3

MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb;

The Salem Witch Trials;

These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins;

Coco, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel.

She appeared in the third and fourth seasons of the British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham (played by Elizabeth McGovern) and Harold Levinson (played by Paul Giamatti) in 2012鈥2013.

In February 2016, it was announced that MacLaine will star in the live-action family film A Little Mermaid, based on the Hans Christian Andersen fairytale, to be produced by MVP Studios.[16]


MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker from 1954 until their divorce in 1982; they have a daughter, Sachi.

In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I’m Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had had an open relationship with her husband.

MacLaine also told Winfrey that she often fell for the leading men she worked with, with the exceptions of Jack Lemmon (The Apartment) and Jack Nicholson (Terms of Endearment).

MacLaine has also gotten into feuds with such notable co-stars as Anthony Hopkins (A Change of Seasons), who said that “she was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with,” and Debra Winger (Terms of Endearment).

MacLaine has claimed that, in a previous life in Atlantis, she was the brother to a 35,000-year-old spirit named Ramtha channeled by American mystic teacher and author J. Z. Knight.

She has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics, the central theme of some of her best-selling books including Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light. She has undertaken such forms of spiritual exploration as walking the Way of St. James, working with Chris Griscom and practicing Transcendental Meditation.

Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has also made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks’s romantic comedy Defending Your Life (1991), the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the “Past Lives Pavilion”.

In Postcards from the Edge (1990), MacLaine sings a version of “I’m Still Here”, with customized lyrics created for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to “I’m feeling transcendental 鈥 am I here?” In the television movie These Old Broads, MacLaine’s character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.

She has an interest in UFOs, and gave numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject during 2007鈥8. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she described alien encounters and witnessing a Washington, D.C. UFO incident in the 1950s.In the April 2011 edition of the Oprah show MacLaine stated that she and her neighbor observed numerous UFO incidents at her New Mexico ranch for extended periods of time.

MacLaine is godmother to the daughter of former Democratic U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich.

Along with her brother, Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern’s campaign for president in 1972.That year, she authored the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs.

On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker’s autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With 鈥 and Without 鈥 My Mom, Shirley MacLaine.[36]MacLaine has called the book “virtually all fiction”.

MacLaine starred in A Change of Seasons (1980) alongside Anthony Hopkins, and won the Best Actress in a Leading Role Oscar for Terms of Endearment (1983), playing Debra Winger’s mother. She won a Golden Globe for Best Actress (Drama) for Madame Sousatzka (1988).

She has continued to star in major films, such as Steel Magnolias with Sally Field, Julia Roberts and other stars. In 2000 she made her feature-film directorial debut and starred in Bruno, which was released to video as The Dress Code. MacLaine has starred in Postcards from the Edge (1990) with Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds from a screenplay by Reynolds’s daughter, Carrie Fisher; Used People (1992) with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates; Guarding Tess (1994) with Nicolas Cage; Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with Ricki Lake and Brendan Fraser; Rumor Has It鈥 (2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston; In Her Shoes (also 2005) with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette; and Closing the Ring (2007) directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer.


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Julie Andrews – Jack Lemmon in THAT’S LIFE

That’s Life! is a 1986 American comedy-drama film starring Jack Lemmon and Julie Andrews, directed by Blake Edwards.



The film was made independently by Edwards using largely his own finances and was distributed by Columbia Pictures. Although Columbia released the film, Artisan Entertainment holds the rights to distribute it on DVD.

That’s Life! was shot in Edwards and his wife Andrews’ own beachside home in Malibu and features their family in small roles, including two daughters. Lemmon’s son Chris Lemmon plays his character’s son Josh, while his wife Felicia Farr puts in a brief cameo appearance as a fortune teller.

Because of the film’s independent status, many of the cast and crew were paid below union-level wages, resulting in the American Society of Cinematographers picketing the film during production and taking an advertisement in Variety in protest. As a result, the original director of photography, Harry Stradling Jr., was forced to quit the film and was subsequently replaced by Anthony Richmond, a British cinematographer.


Harvey Fairchild is a wealthy, Malibu-based architect who is turning 60 and suffering from a form of male menopause. He feels aches and pains, real or imaginary, and seems unhappy with his professional and personal life.

Harvey’s patient wife Gillian tries to cheer him with family get-togethers and an elaborately planned birthday party. But she secretly has worries of her own, a throat condition that could result in the loss of her voice.


Whining his way through day after day, Harvey snaps at his pregnant daughter Megan and makes rude remarks to his actor son Josh. He tries going to a priest, only to discover that the man to whom he is confessing is an old rival from their college years at Notre Dame. He also consults a local psychic, Madame Carrie, sex with whom leaves Harvey with a venereal disease.

The miserable Harvey is furious with a client named Janice Kern who can’t stop revising her plans for a magnificent house Harvey has been building, but he has meaningless sex with her as well. Gillian bravely hides her cancer fear from the family, but finally, overcome with emotion, she confides in her friend and neighbor, Holly.

Harvey threatens to spoil the birthday party for everybody. He is in such a foul mood that just because a friend named Belmont tells him a depressing story about an illness, he amuses himself by introducing Belmont to the VD-infected psychic.

Gillian warns her husband that he is going to lose everything if he continues to behave this way. During his party, Gillian’s doctor arrives to inform her that the biopsy test results are negative and she is going to be all right. She takes Harvey aside to let him know just how precious life really can be.

Jack Lemmon as Harvey Fairchild

Julie Andrews as Gillian Fairchild

Sally Kellerman as Holly Parrish

Robert Loggia as Father Baragone

Jennifer Edwards as Megan Fairchild Bartlet

Rob Knepper as Steve Larwin

Matt Lattanzi as Larry Bartlet

Chris Lemmon as Josh Fairchild

Cynthia Sikes as Janice Kern

Dana Sparks as Fanny Ward

Emma Walton as Kate Fairchild

Felicia Farr as Madame Carrie









American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack. Suzanne Somers and Joe Spano also appear in the film.


Set in Modesto, California in 1962, the film is a study of the cruising and rock and roll cultures popular among the post鈥揥orld War II baby boom generation. The film is told in a series of vignettes, telling the story of a group of teenagers and their adventures over a single night.

The genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas‘ own teenage years in early 1960s Modesto. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and distributors but found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros., and Paramount Pictures turned him down. Filming was initially set to take place in San Rafael, California, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day.


American Graffiti premiered on August 2, 1973 at the Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland and was released on August 11, 1973 in the United States. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $777,000 budget, it has become one of the most profitable films of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $200 million in box office gross and home video sales, not including merchandising. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.


In early September 1962 in Modesto, California, on the last evening of summer vacation, recent high school graduates and longtime friends, Curt Henderson and Steve Bolander, meet John Milner, the drag-racing king of the town, and Terry “The Toad” Fields in the parking lot of the local Mel’s Drive-In diner. Curt and Steve are scheduled to travel the next morning to Northeastern United States to start college. Despite receiving a $2,000 scholarship from the local Moose Lodge, Curt has second thoughts about leaving Modesto. Steve gives Toad his 1958 Chevrolet Impala to watch while he’s away at college until he returns at Christmas. Steve’s girlfriend, Laurie, who is also Curt’s sister, arrives in her car. Steve suggests to Laurie, who is already glum about him going to college, that they see other people while he is away in order to “strengthen” their relationship. Though not openly upset, she is displeased with his proposal which affects their interactions the rest of the evening.


Curt accompanies Steve, last year’s high school student class president, and Laurie, the current head cheerleader, to the back-to-high-school sock hop. In one story line, Curt is desperate to find a beautiful blonde girl driving a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird that he sees en route to the dance: at a stoplight, she appears to say “I love you” before disappearing around the corner. After leaving the hop, Curt is coerced by a group of greasers (“The Pharaohs”) to participate in an initiation rite that involves hooking a chain to a police car and ripping out its back axle. The Pharaohs tell Curt that “The Blonde” is a trophy wife or prostitute, but he refuses to believe either.

Determined to get a message to the blonde girl, Curt drives to the local radio station to ask DJ Wolfman Jack, who is omnipresent on the car radios, to announce a message for the blonde girl. Inside the radio station, Curt encounters a bearded man who tells him that the voice of The Wolfman is pre-taped from afar.

The man still accepts the message from Curt to see what he could do. As he is leaving the station, Curt sees the man talking into the microphone and hears the voice of The Wolfman, and realizes the man is the actual DJ himself.


Sure enough, The Wolfman eventually reads the message on the radio for “The Blonde” to meet Curt or call him at a number which happens to be a telephone booth. Curt waits by the telephone booth and early the next morning, he is awakened by the phone ringing. It turns out to be “The Blonde” who says she knows him and maybe she would see him cruising the coming night. Curt replies probably not, intimating that he decided to go to college and will be leaving that morning.

The Toad, in Steve’s car, and John, in his yellow 1932 Ford Deuce Coup茅 hot rod, cruise the strip of Modesto. Toad, who is normally socially inept with girls, successfully picks up a flirtatious, and somewhat rebellious, girl named Debbie. John inadvertently picks up Carol, an annoying 12-year-old who seems fond of him. Another drag racer, the handsome and arrogant Bob Falfa, is searching out John in order to challenge him to a race.

Steve and Laurie have a series of arguments and make-ups through the evening. They finally split and, as the story lines intertwine, Bob Falfa picks up Laurie in his black 1955 Chevrolet One-Fifty Coup茅. Bob finally finds John and goads him into racing. A parade of cars follow them to “Paradise Road” to watch the race. Laurie rides shotgun with Bob as Toad starts the race. As Bob begins taking a lead in the race, he loses control of the car when a front tire blows, and the car plunges into a ditch and rolls over. Steve and John leap out of their cars and rush to the wreck as a dazed Bob and Laurie stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips Steve tightly and begs him not to leave her. He assures her that he will stay in Modesto.

At the airfield in the morning, Curt says goodbye to his parents, his sister Laurie, Steve, John and The Toad. As the plane takes off, Curt, gazing out of the window, sees the white Ford Thunderbird belonging to the mysterious blonde driving down a country road.

An on-screen epilogue reveals that

John is killed by a drunk driver in December 1964,

Toad is reported missing in action near An L峄檆 in December 1965,

Steve is an insurance agent in Modesto, California,


Curt is a writer living in Canada.


Richard Dreyfuss as Curt Henderson

Ron Howard as Steve Bolander

Paul Le Mat as John Milner

Charles Martin Smith as Terry “The Toad” Fields

Cindy Williams as Laurie Henderson

Candy Clark as Debbie Dunham

Mackenzie Phillips as Carol Morrison

Wolfman Jack as himself

Bo Hopkins as Joe Young

Manuel Padilla, Jr. as Carlos

Harrison Ford as Bob Falfa

Lynne Marie Stewart as Bobbie Tucker

Terry McGovern as Mr. Wolfe

Kathleen Quinlan as Peg

Scott Beach as Mr. Gordon

Susan Richardson as Judy

Kay Lenz as Jane

Joe Spano as Vic

Debralee Scott as Falfa’s Girl

Suzanne Somers as “The Blonde” in T-Bird

American Graffiti


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Jerry Lewis聽聽(born聽Joseph Levitch; March 16, 1926) is an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter and humanitarian. He is known for his聽slapstick聽humor in film, television, stage and radio.

Picture taken during the 60s of US comedian, direc


He and聽Dean Martin聽were partners as the hit popular comedy duo of聽Martin and Lewis. Following that success, he was a solo star in film,聽nightclubs, television, concerts and musicals. Lewis served as national chairman of the聽Muscular Dystrophy Association聽and hosted the live聽Labor Day聽broadcast of the聽Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon聽for 44 years.

Lewis has received several awards for lifetime achievements from the聽American Comedy Awards,聽Los Angeles Film Critics Association,聽Venice Film Festival,聽Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences聽and been honored with two stars on the聽Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Early life

Lewis was born聽on March 16, 1926 in聽Newark, New Jersey聽to聽Russian Jewish聽parents His father, Daniel Levitch (1902鈥80), was a聽master of ceremonies聽and聽vaudeville聽entertainerwho used the professional name Danny Lewis.

His mother, Rachel (“Rae”) Levitch (n茅e聽Brodsky),was a piano player for a radio station. Lewis started performing at age five and would often perform alongside his parents in the聽Catskill Mountains聽in聽New York State.

By 15, he had developed his “Record Act” in which he exaggeratedly mimed the lyrics to songs on a phonograph.

He used the professional name Joey Lewis but soon changed it to Jerry Lewis to avoid confusion with comedian聽Joe E. Lewis聽and heavyweight boxing champion聽Joe Louis. Lewis then dropped out of聽Irvington High School聽in the tenth grade. He was a “character” even in his teenage years pulling pranks in his neighborhood including sneaking into kitchens to steal fried chicken and pies. During聽World War II, he was rejected for military service because of a聽heart murmur.

Lewis initially gained attention as part of a double act with singer聽Dean Martin, who served as聽straight man聽to Lewis’ zany antics in the聽Martin and Lewis聽comedy team. The performers were different from most other comedy acts of the time because they relied on their interaction instead of planned skits. They quickly rose to national prominence, first with their popular nightclub act, next as stars of their own聽radio program.

The two men made many appearances on early聽live television, their first on the June 20, 1948, debut broadcast of聽Toast of the Town聽on CBS (later as聽The Ed Sullivan Show). This was followed on October 3, 1948, by an appearance on the NBC series聽Welcome Aboard, then a stint as the first of a series of hosts of聽The Colgate Comedy Hour聽in 1950.

The duo began their聽Paramount聽film careers as ensemble players in聽My Friend Irma聽(1949), based on the popular聽radio series of the same name. This was followed by a sequel聽My Friend Irma Goes West聽(1950).

Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon

Dean Martin / Franck Sinatra / Jerry Lewis

Starting with聽At War with the Army聽(1950), Martin and Lewis were the stars of their own vehicles in fourteen additional titles,聽That’s My Boy聽(1951),聽Sailor Beware聽(1952),聽Jumping Jacks聽(1952), (plus appearing in the聽Crosby聽and聽Hope聽film,聽Road to Bali聽(1952) as cameos)聽The Stooge聽(1952),聽Scared Stiff聽(1953),聽The Caddy聽(1953),聽Money from Home聽(1953),聽Living It Up聽(1954),聽3 Ring Circus聽(1954),聽You’re Never Too Young聽(1955),聽Artists and Models聽(1955) and聽Pardners聽(1956) at Paramount, ending with聽Hollywood or Bust聽(1956).

All sixteen movies were produced by聽Hal B. Wallis. Attesting the comedy team’s popularity,聽DC Comics聽published the best-selling聽The Adventures of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis聽comics from 1952 to 1957. As Martin’s roles in their films became less important over time the partnership came under strain. Martin’s participation became an embarrassment in 1954 when聽Look聽magazine used a publicity photo of the team for the magazine cover but cropped Martin out of the photo.The partnership ended on July 24, 1956.

While both Martin and Lewis went on to successful solo careers, neither would comment on the split nor consider a reunion. They did however make occasional public appearances together up until 1961, but were not seen together again until a surprise television appearance by Martin on a Muscular Dystrophy Telethon in 1976, arranged by聽Frank Sinatra.

The pair eventually reconciled in the late 1980s after the death of Martin’s son,聽Dean Paul Martin, in 1987.

The two men were seen together on stage for the last time when Martin was making what would be his final live performance at Bally’s Hotel and Casino in聽Las Vegas. Lewis pushed out a birthday cake for Martin’s 72nd birthday in 1989 and sang “Happy Birthday” to him, and joking, “why we broke up, I’ll never know.”


After the split from Martin, Lewis remained at Paramount and became a comedy star in his own right with his first film as a solo comic,聽The Delicate Delinquent聽(1957). Meanwhile, DC Comics published a new comic book series聽The Adventures of Jerry Lewis聽from 1957 to 1971. Teaming with director聽Frank Tashlin, whose background as a聽Warner Bros.Looney Tunes聽cartoon director suited Lewis’s brand of humor, he starred in five more films,聽The Sad Sack聽(1957),聽Rock-A-Bye Baby聽(1958),聽The Geisha Boy聽(1958),聽Don’t Give Up The Ship聽(1959) and even appeared uncredited as Itchy McRabbitt in聽Li’l Abner聽(1959).

Lewis tried his hand at releasing music during the 1950s, having a chart hit with the song “Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody” (a song largely associated with聽Al Jolson聽and later re-popularized by聽Judy Garland) as well as the song, “It All Depends on You” in 1958. He eventually released his own album titled,聽Jerry Lewis Just Sings.

By the end of his contract with producer聽Hal B. Wallis, Lewis had several productions of his own under his belt. In 1959, a contract between Paramount Pictures and Jerry Lewis Productions was signed specifying a payment of $10聽million plus 60% of the profits for 14 films over a seven-year period.


In 1960, Lewis finished his contract with Wallis with聽Visit to a Small Planet聽(1960), and wrapped up work on his own production,聽Cinderfella, which was postponed for a Christmas 1960 release, and Paramount, needing a quickie feature film for its summer 1960 schedule, held Lewis to his contract to produce one. Lewis came up with聽The Bellboy聽(1960). Using the聽Fontainebleau Hotel聽in Miami as his setting鈥攁nd on a small budget, with a very tight shooting schedule, and no script鈥擫ewis shot the film by day and performed at the hotel in the evenings.聽Bill Richmond聽collaborated with him on the many sight gags. Lewis later revealed that Paramount was not happy financing a ‘silent movie’ and withdrew backing. Lewis used his own funds to cover the $950,000 budget.

During production Lewis developed the technique of using video cameras and multiple closed circuit monitors, which allowed him to review his performance instantly.

His techniques and methods, documented in his book and his USC class, enabled him to complete most of his films on time and under budget.

Lewis followed聽The Bellboy聽by directing several more films that he co-wrote with Richmond while some were directed by Tashlin, including聽The Ladies Man聽(1961),聽The Errand Boy聽(1961),聽It’s Only Money聽(1962) and聽The Nutty Professor聽(1963). Lewis did a cameo in聽It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World聽(1963).

Further Lewis films were聽Who’s Minding the Store?聽(1963),聽The Patsy聽(1964) and聽The Disorderly Orderly聽(1964).

Lewis directed and co-wrote聽The Family Jewels聽(1965) about a young heiress who must choose among six uncles, one of whom is up to no good and out to harm the girl’s beloved bodyguard who practically raised her. Lewis played all six uncles and the bodyguard. On television, Lewis hosted two different programs called聽The Jerry Lewis Show. The first was a two-hour Saturday night variety show on聽ABC聽in the fall of 1963. The lavish, big-budget production failed to find an audience and was canceled after 13 weeks. His second program was a one-hour variety show on聽NBC聽from 1967 to 1969.

By 1966, Lewis, then 40, was no longer an angular juvenile, his routines seemed more labored and his box office appeal waned to the point where Paramount Pictures new executives felt no further need for the Lewis comedies and did not wish to renew his 1959 profit sharing contract. Undaunted, Lewis packed up and went to聽Columbia Pictures, where he made聽Three On A Couch聽(1966), then appeared in聽Way…Way Out聽(1966) for聽20th Century Fox聽followed by聽The Big Mouth聽(1967),聽Don’t Raise the Bridge, Lower the River聽(1968) and聽Hook, Line & Sinker聽(1969).

Lewis taught a film directing class at the聽University of Southern California聽in Los Angeles for a number of years; his students included聽Steven Spielberg聽and聽George Lucas.]

In 1968, he screened Spielberg’s early film,聽Amblin’聽and told his students, “That’s what filmmaking is all about.”

Lewis directed and made his first offscreen voice performance as a bandleader in聽One More Time聽(1970), which starred聽Sammy Davis Jr.聽(a friend of Lewis). He then produced, directed and starred in聽Which Way to the Front?聽(1970).

He would then make and star in the unreleased聽The Day the Clown Cried聽(1972), a drama set in a Nazi concentration camp.

Lewis rarely discusses the film, but once suggested that litigation over post-production finances prevented the film’s completion and release. However, he admitted during his book tour for聽Dean and Me聽that a major factor for the film’s burial is that he is not proud of the effort. In 1976, Lewis appeared in a revival of聽Hellzapoppin’聽with聽Lynn Redgrave, but it closed on the road before reaching聽Broadway.

After an absence of 11 years, Lewis returned to film in聽Hardly Working聽(1981), a movie in which he both directed and starred.

Despite being panned by critics, the movie eventually earned $50聽million. Lewis next appeared in聽Martin Scorsese‘s film聽The King of Comedy聽(1983), in which he portrayed a late-night television host plagued by two obsessive fans, played by聽Robert De Niro聽and聽Sandra Bernhard. Lewis also appeared in聽Cracking Up聽(1983) and聽Slapstick (Of Another Kind)聽(1984).

In聽France, Lewis starred in both聽To Catch a Cop聽a.k.a. “The Defective Detective” (1984) and聽How Did You Get In?, We Didn’t See You Leave聽(1984). Lewis has stated that as long as he has control over distribution of those movies, they will never have an American release. Meanwhile, a syndicated talk show Lewis hosted for Metromedia in 1984 was not continued beyond the scheduled five shows. Lewis starred in the ABC televised drama movie聽Fight For Life聽(1987) with聽Patty Duke, then appeared in聽Cookie聽(1989).

Lewis had a cameo in聽Mr. Saturday Night聽(1992) while guest appearing in an episode of聽Mad About You聽as an eccentric billionaire. Lewis made his Broadway debut, as a replacement cast member playing the devil in a revival of聽Damn Yankees, choreographed by future movie director聽Rob Marshall聽(Chicago)聽while also starring in the film聽Arizona Dream聽(1994), as a car salesman uncle. Lewis then starred as a father of a young comic in聽Funny Bones聽(1995).

In March 2006, the聽French Minister of Culture聽awarded Lewis the聽L茅gion d’honneur, calling him the “French people’s favorite clown”聽Lewis has remained popular in the country, evidenced by consistent praise by French critics in the influential magazine聽Cahiers du Cin茅ma聽for his absurd comedy, in part because he had gained respect as an聽auteur聽who had total control over all aspects of his films, comparable to聽Howard Hawks聽and聽Alfred Hitchcock.

Liking Lewis has long been a common stereotype about the French in the minds of many English-speakers, and is often the object of jokes in聽English-speaking world聽pop culture.

“That Americans can’t see Jerry Lewis’s genius is bewildering,” says N. T. Binh, a French film magazine critic. Such bewilderment was the basis of the book聽Why the French Love Jerry Lewis, by Rae Beth Gordon

In 2012, Lewis directed a musical theatre version of聽The Nutty Professor聽(with score by聽Marvin Hamlisch) at the聽Tennessee Performing Arts Center聽in聽Nashville聽from July 31 to August 19 over the summer. Lewis appeared in the Brazilian film聽Till Luck Do Us Part 2聽(2013), then next in a small role in the crime drama聽The Trust聽(2016). Lewis made a comeback in a lead role in聽Max Rose聽(2016).

In an October 6, 2016 interview with聽Inside Edition, Lewis acknowledged that he may not star in any more films given his advanced age, while admitting, through tears, that he was afraid of dying as it would leave his wife and daughter alone.]聽In December of that year, he expressed interest in making another film.

Lewis has been married twice:

  • Patti Palmer (n茅e Esther Grace Calonico), a former singer with聽Ted Fio Ritomarried October 3, 1944, divorced September 1980[
  • SanDee Pitnick; married February 13, 1983; a 32-year-old Las Vegas dancer; married in聽Key Biscayne, Florida

He has six sons (one adopted) and one daughter (adopted):

With Patti Palmer

  • Gary Lewis(born July 31, 1945);聽known for his 1960s pop group聽Gary Lewis & the Playboys
  • Ronald Steven “Ronnie” Lewis (born December 1949 [adopted])
  • Scott Anthony Lewis (born February 22, 1956)
  • Christopher Lewis (born October 1957)
  • Anthony Lewis (born October 1959)
  • Joseph Lewis (born January 1964, died October 24, 2009 [from a聽narcoticsoverdose])[36]

With SanDee Pitnick

  • Danielle Sara Lewis (adopted March 1992)

Lewis has suffered from a number of illnesses and addictions related both to aging and a back injury sustained in a comedic pratfall from a piano while performing at the聽Sands Hotel聽on the聽Las Vegas Strip聽on March 20, 1965.

The accident almost left him paralyzed. In its aftermath, Lewis became addicted to the painkiller聽Percodan聽for thirteen years

He says he has been off the drug since 1978.]聽In April 2002, Lewis had a聽Medtronic聽“Synergy”聽neurostimulator聽implanted in his back which has helped reduce the discomfort. He is now one of the company’s leading spokesmen.

In the 2011 documentary聽Method to the Madness of Jerry Lewis,聽Lewis said he suffered his first heart attack while filming聽Cinderfella聽in 1960.

In December 1982, Lewis suffered another heart attack. En route to San Diego from New York City on a cross-country commercial airline flight on June 11, 2006, he sustained a minor heart attack .

It was discovered that he had pneumonia as well as a severely damaged heart. He underwent a聽cardiac catheterization聽and two聽stents聽were inserted into one of his coronary arteries, which was 90% blocked. The surgery resulted in increased blood flow to his heart and has allowed him to continue his rebound from earlier lung problems. Having the cardiac catheterization meant canceling several major events from his schedule, but Lewis fully recuperated in a matter of weeks.

In 1999, Lewis’ Australian tour was cut short when he had to be hospitalized in聽Darwin聽with viral聽meningitis. He was ill for more than five months. It was reported in the Australian press that he had failed to pay his medical bills. However, Lewis maintained that the payment confusion was the fault of his health insurer. The resulting negative publicity caused him to sue his insurer for US$100聽million

Lewis has had聽prostate cancer,聽diabetes,聽pulmonary fibrosis and a decades-long history of聽heart disease.聽Prednisone 聽treatment in the late 1990s for pulmonary fibrosis resulted in weight gain and a noticeable change in his appearance.

In September 2001, Lewis was unable to perform at a planned London charity event at the聽London Palladium.

He was the headlining act, and he was introduced, but did not appear. He had suddenly become unwell, apparently with heart problems. He was subsequently taken to the hospital. Some months thereafter, Lewis began an arduous, months-long therapy that weaned him off prednisone and enabled him to return to work. On June 12, 2012, he was treated and released from a hospital after collapsing from聽hypoglycemia聽at a聽New York Friars’ Club聽event. This latest health issue forced him to cancel a show in Sydney.

Muscular dystrophy activism

Throughout his entire life and prolific career, Lewis was a world renowned humanitarian who has supported fundraising for research into聽muscular dystrophy. Until 2011, he served as national chairman of and spokesman for the聽Muscular Dystrophy Association聽(MDA) (formerly, the聽Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America).

Lewis began hosting telethons to benefit the company from 1952 to 1959, then every聽Labor Day聽weekend from 1966 to 2010, he hosted the live annual聽Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon. Over nearly half a century, he raised over $2.6聽billion in donations for the cause.

On August 3, 2011, it was announced that Lewis would no longer host the MDA telethons聽and is no longer associated with the Muscular Dystrophy Association

On May 1, 2015, it was announced that in view of “the new realities of television viewing and philanthropic giving”, the telethon was being discontinued.

]聽In early 2016, Lewis made an online video statement for the organization on its website, in honor of its rebranding, marking his first appearance in support of the Muscular Dystrophy Association since his final Labor Day Telethon in 2010 and the ending of his tenure as national chairman in 2011.

Theater chain

In 1969, Lewis agreed to lend his name to “Jerry Lewis Cinemas”, offered by National Cinema Corporation as a franchise business opportunity for those interested in theatrical movie exhibition. Jerry Lewis Cinemas stated that their theaters could be operated by a staff of as few as two with the aid of automation and support provided by the franchiser in booking films and in other aspects of film exhibition.

A forerunner of the smaller rooms typical of later multi-screen complexes, a Jerry Lewis Cinema was billed in franchising ads as a “mini-theatre” with a seating capacity of between 200 and 350. In addition to Lewis’s name, each Jerry Lewis Cinema bore a sign with a cartoon logo of Lewis in profile.

Initially 158 territories were franchised, with a buy-in fee of $10,000 or $15,000 depending on the territory, for what was called an “individual exhibitor”. For $50,000, the Jerry Lewis Cinemas offered an opportunity known as an “area directorship”, in which investors controlled franchising opportunities in a territory as well as their own cinemas.

The success of the chain was hampered by a policy of only booking second-run, family-friendly films. Eventually the policy was changed, and the Jerry Lewis Cinemas were allowed to show more competitive films, but after a decade the chain failed. Both Lewis and National Cinema Corp. declared bankruptcy in 1980.

Jerry’s House

In 2010, Lewis met with 7-year-old Lochie Graham who shared his idea for “Jerry’s House”, a place for vulnerable and traumatized children. The Australian charity hope2Day is raising funds to build the facility in聽Melbourne, Australia.


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Ce jour 聽(05 F茅vrier) est l’anniversaire de M.CLAUDE GIRAUD

Petit rappel ? CLAUDE GIRAUD c’est le fameux MOHAMED LARBI SLIMANE 聽dans le film RABBI jacob




Claude Giraud est un acteur fran莽ais n茅 le 5 f茅vrier 1936 脿 Chamali猫res.

Tr猫s actif dans le milieu du doublage, il a 茅t茅 entre autres la voix fran莽aise r茅guli猫re des acteurs Robert Redford, Tommy Lee Jones et Alan Rickman. Il est aussi la voix d’Ulysse dans la s茅rie d’animation Ulysse 31 diffus茅e en 1981.


Enfance, formation et d茅buts

Fils d’un gyn茅cologue, Claude Giraud grandit 脿 Clermont Ferrand o霉 son oncle poss猫de plusieurs salles de cin茅ma.

C’est par Pierre Fresnay qu’il rencontre Henri Rollan4. Il est admis au Conservatoire national sup茅rieur d’art dramatique 脿 Paris. 脌 sa sortie en 1962, il est engag茅 脿 la Com茅die-Fran莽aise, dont il devient le 460e soci茅taire en 1976.


Claude Giraud quitte la Com茅die-Fran莽aise fin 1982 pour participer 脿 la cr茅ation de la compagnie de Jean-Laurent Cochet au th茅芒tre H茅bertot o霉, 脿 l’instar de sa 芦 maison 禄 pr茅c茅dente, plusieurs spectacles seront donn茅s en alternance.

Il a jou茅 de nombreux r么les 脿 la t茅l茅vision dont Roger Mortimer dans la s茅rie Les Rois maudits (1972), le principal protagoniste des Compagnons de J茅hu (1966) et le p猫re de S茅bastien dans S茅bastien parmi les hommes (1968), aux c么t茅s de Mehdi El Glaoui. Toujours 脿 la t茅l茅vision, il est Cinna (1962) devant la cam茅ra de Jean Kerchbron, Mehdi Ben Barka dans La guerre du p茅trole n’aura pas lieu (1974) de Souheil Ben Barka et donne la r茅plique 脿 Claude Jade dans Mamie Rose (1975) de Pierre Goutas .

Au cin茅ma, il est Philippe de Plessis-Belli猫re dans la s茅rie des Ang茅lique (1964-1966), Hippolyte dans Ph猫dre (1968) de Pierre Jourdan et Slimane dans Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob (1973) de G茅rard Oury.

Cependant, c’est surtout en tant que com茅dien de doublage que Claude Giraud s’est impos茅 depuis les ann茅es 1970, pr锚tant principalement sa voix 脿 Robert Redford (Nos plus belles ann茅es, Les Hommes du pr茅sident, Un pont trop loin, Out of Africa, L’Homme qui murmurait 脿 l’oreille des chevaux), Tommy Lee Jones (Le Fugitif), Harrison Ford (Les Aventuriers de l’arche perdue), Sean Connery (dans Le Nom de la rose), Alan Rickman (Harry Potter, Sweeney Todd et Michael Collins) et Liam Neeson (La Liste de Schindler et Batman Begins). Il est 茅galement la voix fran莽aise d’Ulysse dans la s茅rie anim茅e Ulysse 31 (1981).

Il double Robert Redford dans la bande-annonce du film Sous surveillance en 2012 mais, ayant pris sa retraite avant la sortie en salles, C Giraud, est remplac茅 pour le doublage du film par Patrick B茅thune. On peut n茅anmoins entendre sa voix en 2014 dans Les Luminessences d’Avignon, un spectacle en 3D dans la cour d’honneur du Palais des papes.

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Vie priv茅e

Mari茅 avec la com茅dienne Catherine Demanet, Claude Giraud a deux enfants : Louis (1964) et Marianne (1966), 茅pouse du com茅dien et metteur en sc猫ne Jean Martinez.

ANNIVERSARIES : 18th of January

Anniversaires de naissances et d茅c猫s en ce 18 Janvier
Birthdays and death anniversaries on 18th January




18 janvier 1980 鈼 Estelle, chanteuse, rappeuse et productrice britannique (36 ans).
鈼 Jason Segel, acteur, sc茅nariste et musicien am茅ricain (36 ans).
18 janvier 1965 鈼 Val茅rie Damidot, animatrice t茅l茅 fran莽aise (51 ans).
18 janvier 1956 鈼 Elli Medeiros, chanteuse uruguayenne, carri猫re en France (60 ans).
18 janvier 1955 鈼 Kevin Costner, acteur et r茅alisateur am茅ricain (61 ans).
18 janvier 1950 鈼 Gilles Villeneuve, coureur automobile qu茅becois (aurait 66 ans).
鈥犅8 mai 1982
18 janvier 1949 鈼 Franz-Olivier Giesbert, journaliste fran莽ais (67 ans).
鈼 Philippe Starck, Designer et architecte fran莽ais (67 ans).
18 janvier 1933 鈼 Jean Vuarnet, skieur fran莽ais (83 ans).
18 janvier 1913 鈼 Danny Kaye, acteur am茅ricain (aurait 103 ans).
鈥犅3 mars 1987
18 janvier 1904 鈼 Cary Grant, acteur am茅ricain (aurait 112 ans).
鈥犅29 novembre 1986
18 janvier 1892 鈼 Oliver Hardy, acteur am茅ricain, Laurel & Hardy (aurait 124 ans).
鈥犅7 ao没t 1957
18 janvier 1881 鈼 Gaston Gallimard, 茅diteur fran莽ais (aurait 135 ans).
鈥犅25 d茅cembre 1975
18 janvier 1689 鈼 Montesquieu, 茅crivain philosophe fran莽ais (aurait 327 ans).
鈥犅10 f茅vrier 1755



danny kaye

Danny Kaye


CARY GRANT : here also another article / Voici un autre article

OLIVER HARDY : here also another article / Voici un autre article


D茅c猫s 聽 Death 聽 18 Janvier聽

18 janvier 1988
Il y a 28 ans
鈥 Jean Mitry, co-fondateur de la cin茅math猫que fran莽aise (脿 81 ans).
n茅 le 7 novembre 1907
18 janvier 1986
Il y a 30 ans
鈥 Jean Cassou, 茅crivain et r茅sistant fran莽ais (脿 88 ans).
n茅 le 9 juillet 1897
18 janvier 1977
Il y a 60 ans
鈥 Yvonne Printemps, actrice fran莽aise (脿 82 ans).
n茅e le 25 juillet 1894
18 janvier 1936
Il y a 80 ans
鈥 Rudyard Kipling, 茅crivain britannique (脿 71 ans).
n茅 le 30 d茅cembre 1865

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Cliquez聽sur le lien 聽( VIEW ORIGINAL POST ) 聽pour voir la vid茅o







L鈥檃rtiste, l鈥檃cteur M Jean Rochefort explique l鈥檋istoire du 鈥減etit prince鈥 ( d鈥橝ntoine de Saint Exup茅ry)聽en quelques minutes en mode language dit de 鈥渏eunes鈥

Sympa..Marrant鈥锚me si pour notre part, ce n鈥檈st pas notre style, pas notre langage 馃檪

En tout cas, Bravo M Rochefort鈥 Grand talent connu et reconnu.

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PARAMOUNT CHANNEL : CARY GRANT 聽 聽 聽 Wikipedia sources:聽 Cary Grant聽(born聽Archibald Alexander Leach; January 18, 1904 鈥 November 29, 1986) was an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his聽transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and “dashing good looks”, Grant is considered one of聽classic Hollywood’s definitive聽leading men. Notorious聽(1946),聽The鈥

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