Shirley MacLaine


Shirley MacLaine (born Shirley MacLean Beaty; April 24, 1934)  is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.

 

An Academy Award winner, MacLaine received the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute in 2012, and received the Kennedy Center Honors for her lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts in 2013. She is known for her New Age beliefs, and has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a series of autobiographical works that describe these beliefs, document her world travels, and describe her Hollywood career.

Shirley Mac Laine

Shirley Mac Laine

 

A six-time Academy Award nominee, MacLaine received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), and Best Actress nominations for Some Came Running (1958), The Apartment (1960), Irma la Douce (1963), and The Turning Point (1977), before winning Best Actress for Terms of Endearment (1983). She twice won the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress, for Ask Any Girl (1959), and The Apartment (1960).

MacLaine won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy-Variety or Music Special for the 1976 TV special, Gypsy In My Soul. She has also won five competitive Golden Globe Awards and received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award at the 1998 ceremony.

 

Named after Shirley Temple (who was 6 years old at the time), Shirley MacLean Beaty was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty, was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (née MacLean), was a drama teacher, originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. MacLaine’s younger brother is the actor, writer and director Warren Beatty; he changed the spelling of his surname when he became an actor.

Their parents raised them as Baptists. Her uncle (her mother’s brother-in-law) was A. A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s.

Shirley Mac Laine2

Shirley Mac Laine2

While MacLaine was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington and Waverly, eventually taking a position at Arlington’s Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. MacLaine played baseball in an all-boys team, holding the record for most home runs which earned her the nickname “Powerhouse”. During the 1950s, the family resided in the Dominion Hills section of Arlington.

As a toddler she had weak ankles and would fall over with the slightest misstep, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class at the Washington School of Ballet at the age of three.

This was the beginning of her interest in performing. Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo and Juliet and The Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys’ roles due to being the tallest in the group and the absence of males in the class.

Eventually she had a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella; while warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but then tightened the ribbons on her toe shoes and proceeded to dance the role all the way through before calling for an ambulance.

Ultimately she decided against making a career of professional ballet because she had grown too tall and was unable to acquire perfect technique.

She explained that she didn’t have the ideal body type, lacking the requisite “beautifully constructed feet” of high arches, high insteps and a flexible ankle.

Also slowly realizing ballet’s propensity to be too all-consuming, and ultimately limiting, she moved on to other forms of dancing, acting and musical theater.

MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock’s The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. This was quickly followed by her role in the Martin and Lewis film Artists and Models (also 1955).

Soon afterwards, she had a role in Around the World in 80 Days (1956). This was followed by Hot Spell and a leading role in Some Came Running (both 1958); for the latter film she gained her first Academy Award nomination and a Golden Globe nomination.

Her second Oscar nomination came two years later for The Apartment (1960), starring with Jack Lemmon.

The film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She later said, “I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy.” She starred in The Children’s Hour (1961) also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman and directed by William Wyler.

She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970) said of her: “It’s hard to feel any great warmth to her. She’s too unfeminine and has too much balls. She’s very, very hard.”

At the peak of her success, she replaced Marilyn Monroe in Irma la Douce and What a Way to Go! (1964). Other films from this period include Gambit (1966), with Michael Caine, and the film version of the musical Sweet Charity (1968), based on the script for Fellini’s Nights of Cabiria released a decade earlier.

 

MacLaine’s documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir (1975), co-directed with Claudia Weill, concentrates on the experiences of women in China. It was nominated for the year’s Documentary Feature Oscar.

Co-starring with Anne Bancroft in The Turning Point (1977), MacLaine portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself; she was nominated for an Oscar as the Best Actress in a Leading Role. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in FilmCrystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.

In Being There (1979), she appeared with Peter Sellers. In a short-lived MacLaine television sitcom, Shirley’s World (1971–72), co-produced by Sheldon Leonard and ITC and shot in the United Kingdom, she was cast as a photojournalist.

Shirley Mac Laine3

MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb;

The Salem Witch Trials;

These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins;

Coco, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel.

She appeared in the third and fourth seasons of the British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham (played by Elizabeth McGovern) and Harold Levinson (played by Paul Giamatti) in 2012–2013.

In February 2016, it was announced that MacLaine will star in the live-action family film A Little Mermaid, based on the Hans Christian Andersen fairytale, to be produced by MVP Studios.[16]

 

MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker from 1954 until their divorce in 1982; they have a daughter, Sachi.

In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I’m Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had had an open relationship with her husband.

MacLaine also told Winfrey that she often fell for the leading men she worked with, with the exceptions of Jack Lemmon (The Apartment) and Jack Nicholson (Terms of Endearment).

MacLaine has also gotten into feuds with such notable co-stars as Anthony Hopkins (A Change of Seasons), who said that “she was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with,” and Debra Winger (Terms of Endearment).

MacLaine has claimed that, in a previous life in Atlantis, she was the brother to a 35,000-year-old spirit named Ramtha channeled by American mystic teacher and author J. Z. Knight.

She has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics, the central theme of some of her best-selling books including Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light. She has undertaken such forms of spiritual exploration as walking the Way of St. James, working with Chris Griscom and practicing Transcendental Meditation.

Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has also made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks’s romantic comedy Defending Your Life (1991), the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the “Past Lives Pavilion”.

In Postcards from the Edge (1990), MacLaine sings a version of “I’m Still Here”, with customized lyrics created for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to “I’m feeling transcendental – am I here?” In the television movie These Old Broads, MacLaine’s character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.

She has an interest in UFOs, and gave numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject during 2007–8. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she described alien encounters and witnessing a Washington, D.C. UFO incident in the 1950s.In the April 2011 edition of the Oprah show MacLaine stated that she and her neighbor observed numerous UFO incidents at her New Mexico ranch for extended periods of time.

MacLaine is godmother to the daughter of former Democratic U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich.

Along with her brother, Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern’s campaign for president in 1972.That year, she authored the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs.

On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker’s autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine.[36]MacLaine has called the book “virtually all fiction”.

MacLaine starred in A Change of Seasons (1980) alongside Anthony Hopkins, and won the Best Actress in a Leading Role Oscar for Terms of Endearment (1983), playing Debra Winger’s mother. She won a Golden Globe for Best Actress (Drama) for Madame Sousatzka (1988).

She has continued to star in major films, such as Steel Magnolias with Sally Field, Julia Roberts and other stars. In 2000 she made her feature-film directorial debut and starred in Bruno, which was released to video as The Dress Code. MacLaine has starred in Postcards from the Edge (1990) with Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds from a screenplay by Reynolds’s daughter, Carrie Fisher; Used People (1992) with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates; Guarding Tess (1994) with Nicolas Cage; Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with Ricki Lake and Brendan Fraser; Rumor Has It… (2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston; In Her Shoes (also 2005) with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette; and Closing the Ring (2007) directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer.

 

Source Wikipedia

Videos : Youtube

 

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Julie Andrews – Jack Lemmon in THAT’S LIFE


That’s Life! is a 1986 American comedy-drama film starring Jack Lemmon and Julie Andrews, directed by Blake Edwards.

 

 

The film was made independently by Edwards using largely his own finances and was distributed by Columbia Pictures. Although Columbia released the film, Artisan Entertainment holds the rights to distribute it on DVD.

That’s Life! was shot in Edwards and his wife Andrews’ own beachside home in Malibu and features their family in small roles, including two daughters. Lemmon’s son Chris Lemmon plays his character’s son Josh, while his wife Felicia Farr puts in a brief cameo appearance as a fortune teller.

Because of the film’s independent status, many of the cast and crew were paid below union-level wages, resulting in the American Society of Cinematographers picketing the film during production and taking an advertisement in Variety in protest. As a result, the original director of photography, Harry Stradling Jr., was forced to quit the film and was subsequently replaced by Anthony Richmond, a British cinematographer.

 

Harvey Fairchild is a wealthy, Malibu-based architect who is turning 60 and suffering from a form of male menopause. He feels aches and pains, real or imaginary, and seems unhappy with his professional and personal life.

Harvey’s patient wife Gillian tries to cheer him with family get-togethers and an elaborately planned birthday party. But she secretly has worries of her own, a throat condition that could result in the loss of her voice.

 

Whining his way through day after day, Harvey snaps at his pregnant daughter Megan and makes rude remarks to his actor son Josh. He tries going to a priest, only to discover that the man to whom he is confessing is an old rival from their college years at Notre Dame. He also consults a local psychic, Madame Carrie, sex with whom leaves Harvey with a venereal disease.

The miserable Harvey is furious with a client named Janice Kern who can’t stop revising her plans for a magnificent house Harvey has been building, but he has meaningless sex with her as well. Gillian bravely hides her cancer fear from the family, but finally, overcome with emotion, she confides in her friend and neighbor, Holly.

Harvey threatens to spoil the birthday party for everybody. He is in such a foul mood that just because a friend named Belmont tells him a depressing story about an illness, he amuses himself by introducing Belmont to the VD-infected psychic.

Gillian warns her husband that he is going to lose everything if he continues to behave this way. During his party, Gillian’s doctor arrives to inform her that the biopsy test results are negative and she is going to be all right. She takes Harvey aside to let him know just how precious life really can be.

Jack Lemmon as Harvey Fairchild

Julie Andrews as Gillian Fairchild

Sally Kellerman as Holly Parrish

Robert Loggia as Father Baragone

Jennifer Edwards as Megan Fairchild Bartlet

Rob Knepper as Steve Larwin

Matt Lattanzi as Larry Bartlet

Chris Lemmon as Josh Fairchild

Cynthia Sikes as Janice Kern

Dana Sparks as Fanny Ward

Emma Walton as Kate Fairchild

Felicia Farr as Madame Carrie

 

VIDEOS OF JULIE ANDREWS

 

 

SOURCES VIDEO: YOUTUBE

SOURCES ARTICLE : WIKIPEDIA

SOURCES PHOTOS : VARIOUS

AMERICAN GRAFFITI


American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack. Suzanne Somers and Joe Spano also appear in the film.

 

Set in Modesto, California in 1962, the film is a study of the cruising and rock and roll cultures popular among the post–World War II baby boom generation. The film is told in a series of vignettes, telling the story of a group of teenagers and their adventures over a single night.

The genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas‘ own teenage years in early 1960s Modesto. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and distributors but found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros., and Paramount Pictures turned him down. Filming was initially set to take place in San Rafael, California, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day.

 

American Graffiti premiered on August 2, 1973 at the Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland and was released on August 11, 1973 in the United States. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $777,000 budget, it has become one of the most profitable films of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $200 million in box office gross and home video sales, not including merchandising. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.

 

In early September 1962 in Modesto, California, on the last evening of summer vacation, recent high school graduates and longtime friends, Curt Henderson and Steve Bolander, meet John Milner, the drag-racing king of the town, and Terry “The Toad” Fields in the parking lot of the local Mel’s Drive-In diner. Curt and Steve are scheduled to travel the next morning to Northeastern United States to start college. Despite receiving a $2,000 scholarship from the local Moose Lodge, Curt has second thoughts about leaving Modesto. Steve gives Toad his 1958 Chevrolet Impala to watch while he’s away at college until he returns at Christmas. Steve’s girlfriend, Laurie, who is also Curt’s sister, arrives in her car. Steve suggests to Laurie, who is already glum about him going to college, that they see other people while he is away in order to “strengthen” their relationship. Though not openly upset, she is displeased with his proposal which affects their interactions the rest of the evening.

 

Curt accompanies Steve, last year’s high school student class president, and Laurie, the current head cheerleader, to the back-to-high-school sock hop. In one story line, Curt is desperate to find a beautiful blonde girl driving a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird that he sees en route to the dance: at a stoplight, she appears to say “I love you” before disappearing around the corner. After leaving the hop, Curt is coerced by a group of greasers (“The Pharaohs”) to participate in an initiation rite that involves hooking a chain to a police car and ripping out its back axle. The Pharaohs tell Curt that “The Blonde” is a trophy wife or prostitute, but he refuses to believe either.

Determined to get a message to the blonde girl, Curt drives to the local radio station to ask DJ Wolfman Jack, who is omnipresent on the car radios, to announce a message for the blonde girl. Inside the radio station, Curt encounters a bearded man who tells him that the voice of The Wolfman is pre-taped from afar.

The man still accepts the message from Curt to see what he could do. As he is leaving the station, Curt sees the man talking into the microphone and hears the voice of The Wolfman, and realizes the man is the actual DJ himself.

 

Sure enough, The Wolfman eventually reads the message on the radio for “The Blonde” to meet Curt or call him at a number which happens to be a telephone booth. Curt waits by the telephone booth and early the next morning, he is awakened by the phone ringing. It turns out to be “The Blonde” who says she knows him and maybe she would see him cruising the coming night. Curt replies probably not, intimating that he decided to go to college and will be leaving that morning.

The Toad, in Steve’s car, and John, in his yellow 1932 Ford Deuce Coupé hot rod, cruise the strip of Modesto. Toad, who is normally socially inept with girls, successfully picks up a flirtatious, and somewhat rebellious, girl named Debbie. John inadvertently picks up Carol, an annoying 12-year-old who seems fond of him. Another drag racer, the handsome and arrogant Bob Falfa, is searching out John in order to challenge him to a race.

Steve and Laurie have a series of arguments and make-ups through the evening. They finally split and, as the story lines intertwine, Bob Falfa picks up Laurie in his black 1955 Chevrolet One-Fifty Coupé. Bob finally finds John and goads him into racing. A parade of cars follow them to “Paradise Road” to watch the race. Laurie rides shotgun with Bob as Toad starts the race. As Bob begins taking a lead in the race, he loses control of the car when a front tire blows, and the car plunges into a ditch and rolls over. Steve and John leap out of their cars and rush to the wreck as a dazed Bob and Laurie stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips Steve tightly and begs him not to leave her. He assures her that he will stay in Modesto.

At the airfield in the morning, Curt says goodbye to his parents, his sister Laurie, Steve, John and The Toad. As the plane takes off, Curt, gazing out of the window, sees the white Ford Thunderbird belonging to the mysterious blonde driving down a country road.

An on-screen epilogue reveals that

John is killed by a drunk driver in December 1964,

Toad is reported missing in action near An Lộc in December 1965,

Steve is an insurance agent in Modesto, California,

and

Curt is a writer living in Canada.

 

Richard Dreyfuss as Curt Henderson

Ron Howard as Steve Bolander

Paul Le Mat as John Milner

Charles Martin Smith as Terry “The Toad” Fields

Cindy Williams as Laurie Henderson

Candy Clark as Debbie Dunham

Mackenzie Phillips as Carol Morrison

Wolfman Jack as himself

Bo Hopkins as Joe Young

Manuel Padilla, Jr. as Carlos

Harrison Ford as Bob Falfa

Lynne Marie Stewart as Bobbie Tucker

Terry McGovern as Mr. Wolfe

Kathleen Quinlan as Peg

Scott Beach as Mr. Gordon

Susan Richardson as Judy

Kay Lenz as Jane

Joe Spano as Vic

Debralee Scott as Falfa’s Girl

Suzanne Somers as “The Blonde” in T-Bird

American Graffiti

 

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JERRY LEWIS


Jerry Lewis  (born Joseph Levitch; March 16, 1926) is an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter and humanitarian. He is known for his slapstick humor in film, television, stage and radio.

Picture taken during the 60s of US comedian, direc

JERRY LEWIS

He and Dean Martin were partners as the hit popular comedy duo of Martin and Lewis. Following that success, he was a solo star in film, nightclubs, television, concerts and musicals. Lewis served as national chairman of the Muscular Dystrophy Association and hosted the live Labor Day broadcast of the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon for 44 years.

Lewis has received several awards for lifetime achievements from the American Comedy Awards, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, Venice Film Festival, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and been honored with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Early life

Lewis was born on March 16, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey to Russian Jewish parents His father, Daniel Levitch (1902–80), was a master of ceremonies and vaudeville entertainerwho used the professional name Danny Lewis.

His mother, Rachel (“Rae”) Levitch (née Brodsky),was a piano player for a radio station. Lewis started performing at age five and would often perform alongside his parents in the Catskill Mountains in New York State.

By 15, he had developed his “Record Act” in which he exaggeratedly mimed the lyrics to songs on a phonograph.

He used the professional name Joey Lewis but soon changed it to Jerry Lewis to avoid confusion with comedian Joe E. Lewis and heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis. Lewis then dropped out of Irvington High School in the tenth grade. He was a “character” even in his teenage years pulling pranks in his neighborhood including sneaking into kitchens to steal fried chicken and pies. During World War II, he was rejected for military service because of a heart murmur.

Lewis initially gained attention as part of a double act with singer Dean Martin, who served as straight man to Lewis’ zany antics in the Martin and Lewis comedy team. The performers were different from most other comedy acts of the time because they relied on their interaction instead of planned skits. They quickly rose to national prominence, first with their popular nightclub act, next as stars of their own radio program.

The two men made many appearances on early live television, their first on the June 20, 1948, debut broadcast of Toast of the Town on CBS (later as The Ed Sullivan Show). This was followed on October 3, 1948, by an appearance on the NBC series Welcome Aboard, then a stint as the first of a series of hosts of The Colgate Comedy Hour in 1950.

The duo began their Paramount film careers as ensemble players in My Friend Irma (1949), based on the popular radio series of the same name. This was followed by a sequel My Friend Irma Goes West (1950).

Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon

Dean Martin / Franck Sinatra / Jerry Lewis

Starting with At War with the Army (1950), Martin and Lewis were the stars of their own vehicles in fourteen additional titles, That’s My Boy (1951), Sailor Beware (1952), Jumping Jacks (1952), (plus appearing in the Crosby and Hope film, Road to Bali (1952) as cameos) The Stooge (1952), Scared Stiff (1953), The Caddy (1953), Money from Home (1953), Living It Up (1954), 3 Ring Circus (1954), You’re Never Too Young (1955), Artists and Models (1955) and Pardners (1956) at Paramount, ending with Hollywood or Bust (1956).

All sixteen movies were produced by Hal B. Wallis. Attesting the comedy team’s popularity, DC Comics published the best-selling The Adventures of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comics from 1952 to 1957. As Martin’s roles in their films became less important over time the partnership came under strain. Martin’s participation became an embarrassment in 1954 when Look magazine used a publicity photo of the team for the magazine cover but cropped Martin out of the photo.The partnership ended on July 24, 1956.

While both Martin and Lewis went on to successful solo careers, neither would comment on the split nor consider a reunion. They did however make occasional public appearances together up until 1961, but were not seen together again until a surprise television appearance by Martin on a Muscular Dystrophy Telethon in 1976, arranged by Frank Sinatra.

The pair eventually reconciled in the late 1980s after the death of Martin’s son, Dean Paul Martin, in 1987.

The two men were seen together on stage for the last time when Martin was making what would be his final live performance at Bally’s Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. Lewis pushed out a birthday cake for Martin’s 72nd birthday in 1989 and sang “Happy Birthday” to him, and joking, “why we broke up, I’ll never know.”

Solo

After the split from Martin, Lewis remained at Paramount and became a comedy star in his own right with his first film as a solo comic, The Delicate Delinquent (1957). Meanwhile, DC Comics published a new comic book series The Adventures of Jerry Lewis from 1957 to 1971. Teaming with director Frank Tashlin, whose background as a Warner Bros. Looney Tunes cartoon director suited Lewis’s brand of humor, he starred in five more films, The Sad Sack (1957), Rock-A-Bye Baby (1958), The Geisha Boy (1958), Don’t Give Up The Ship (1959) and even appeared uncredited as Itchy McRabbitt in Li’l Abner (1959).

Lewis tried his hand at releasing music during the 1950s, having a chart hit with the song “Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody” (a song largely associated with Al Jolson and later re-popularized by Judy Garland) as well as the song, “It All Depends on You” in 1958. He eventually released his own album titled, Jerry Lewis Just Sings.

By the end of his contract with producer Hal B. Wallis, Lewis had several productions of his own under his belt. In 1959, a contract between Paramount Pictures and Jerry Lewis Productions was signed specifying a payment of $10 million plus 60% of the profits for 14 films over a seven-year period.

In 1960, Lewis finished his contract with Wallis with Visit to a Small Planet (1960), and wrapped up work on his own production, Cinderfella, which was postponed for a Christmas 1960 release, and Paramount, needing a quickie feature film for its summer 1960 schedule, held Lewis to his contract to produce one. Lewis came up with The Bellboy (1960). Using the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami as his setting—and on a small budget, with a very tight shooting schedule, and no script—Lewis shot the film by day and performed at the hotel in the evenings. Bill Richmond collaborated with him on the many sight gags. Lewis later revealed that Paramount was not happy financing a ‘silent movie’ and withdrew backing. Lewis used his own funds to cover the $950,000 budget.

During production Lewis developed the technique of using video cameras and multiple closed circuit monitors, which allowed him to review his performance instantly.

His techniques and methods, documented in his book and his USC class, enabled him to complete most of his films on time and under budget.

Lewis followed The Bellboy by directing several more films that he co-wrote with Richmond while some were directed by Tashlin, including The Ladies Man (1961), The Errand Boy (1961), It’s Only Money (1962) and The Nutty Professor (1963). Lewis did a cameo in It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963).

Further Lewis films were Who’s Minding the Store? (1963), The Patsy (1964) and The Disorderly Orderly (1964).

Lewis directed and co-wrote The Family Jewels (1965) about a young heiress who must choose among six uncles, one of whom is up to no good and out to harm the girl’s beloved bodyguard who practically raised her. Lewis played all six uncles and the bodyguard. On television, Lewis hosted two different programs called The Jerry Lewis Show. The first was a two-hour Saturday night variety show on ABC in the fall of 1963. The lavish, big-budget production failed to find an audience and was canceled after 13 weeks. His second program was a one-hour variety show on NBC from 1967 to 1969.

By 1966, Lewis, then 40, was no longer an angular juvenile, his routines seemed more labored and his box office appeal waned to the point where Paramount Pictures new executives felt no further need for the Lewis comedies and did not wish to renew his 1959 profit sharing contract. Undaunted, Lewis packed up and went to Columbia Pictures, where he made Three On A Couch (1966), then appeared in Way…Way Out (1966) for 20th Century Fox followed by The Big Mouth (1967), Don’t Raise the Bridge, Lower the River (1968) and Hook, Line & Sinker (1969).

Lewis taught a film directing class at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles for a number of years; his students included Steven Spielberg and George Lucas.]

In 1968, he screened Spielberg’s early film, Amblin’ and told his students, “That’s what filmmaking is all about.”

Lewis directed and made his first offscreen voice performance as a bandleader in One More Time (1970), which starred Sammy Davis Jr. (a friend of Lewis). He then produced, directed and starred in Which Way to the Front? (1970).

He would then make and star in the unreleased The Day the Clown Cried (1972), a drama set in a Nazi concentration camp.

Lewis rarely discusses the film, but once suggested that litigation over post-production finances prevented the film’s completion and release. However, he admitted during his book tour for Dean and Me that a major factor for the film’s burial is that he is not proud of the effort. In 1976, Lewis appeared in a revival of Hellzapoppin’ with Lynn Redgrave, but it closed on the road before reaching Broadway.

After an absence of 11 years, Lewis returned to film in Hardly Working (1981), a movie in which he both directed and starred.

Despite being panned by critics, the movie eventually earned $50 million. Lewis next appeared in Martin Scorsese‘s film The King of Comedy (1983), in which he portrayed a late-night television host plagued by two obsessive fans, played by Robert De Niro and Sandra Bernhard. Lewis also appeared in Cracking Up (1983) and Slapstick (Of Another Kind) (1984).

In France, Lewis starred in both To Catch a Cop a.k.a. “The Defective Detective” (1984) and How Did You Get In?, We Didn’t See You Leave (1984). Lewis has stated that as long as he has control over distribution of those movies, they will never have an American release. Meanwhile, a syndicated talk show Lewis hosted for Metromedia in 1984 was not continued beyond the scheduled five shows. Lewis starred in the ABC televised drama movie Fight For Life (1987) with Patty Duke, then appeared in Cookie (1989).

Lewis had a cameo in Mr. Saturday Night (1992) while guest appearing in an episode of Mad About You as an eccentric billionaire. Lewis made his Broadway debut, as a replacement cast member playing the devil in a revival of Damn Yankees, choreographed by future movie director Rob Marshall (Chicago) while also starring in the film Arizona Dream (1994), as a car salesman uncle. Lewis then starred as a father of a young comic in Funny Bones (1995).

In March 2006, the French Minister of Culture awarded Lewis the Légion d’honneur, calling him the “French people’s favorite clown” Lewis has remained popular in the country, evidenced by consistent praise by French critics in the influential magazine Cahiers du Cinéma for his absurd comedy, in part because he had gained respect as an auteur who had total control over all aspects of his films, comparable to Howard Hawks and Alfred Hitchcock.

Liking Lewis has long been a common stereotype about the French in the minds of many English-speakers, and is often the object of jokes in English-speaking world pop culture.

“That Americans can’t see Jerry Lewis’s genius is bewildering,” says N. T. Binh, a French film magazine critic. Such bewilderment was the basis of the book Why the French Love Jerry Lewis, by Rae Beth Gordon

In 2012, Lewis directed a musical theatre version of The Nutty Professor (with score by Marvin Hamlisch) at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center in Nashville from July 31 to August 19 over the summer. Lewis appeared in the Brazilian film Till Luck Do Us Part 2 (2013), then next in a small role in the crime drama The Trust (2016). Lewis made a comeback in a lead role in Max Rose (2016).

In an October 6, 2016 interview with Inside Edition, Lewis acknowledged that he may not star in any more films given his advanced age, while admitting, through tears, that he was afraid of dying as it would leave his wife and daughter alone.] In December of that year, he expressed interest in making another film.

Lewis has been married twice:

  • Patti Palmer (née Esther Grace Calonico), a former singer with Ted Fio Ritomarried October 3, 1944, divorced September 1980[
  • SanDee Pitnick; married February 13, 1983; a 32-year-old Las Vegas dancer; married in Key Biscayne, Florida

He has six sons (one adopted) and one daughter (adopted):

With Patti Palmer

  • Gary Lewis(born July 31, 1945); known for his 1960s pop group Gary Lewis & the Playboys
  • Ronald Steven “Ronnie” Lewis (born December 1949 [adopted])
  • Scott Anthony Lewis (born February 22, 1956)
  • Christopher Lewis (born October 1957)
  • Anthony Lewis (born October 1959)
  • Joseph Lewis (born January 1964, died October 24, 2009 [from a narcoticsoverdose])[36]

With SanDee Pitnick

  • Danielle Sara Lewis (adopted March 1992)

Lewis has suffered from a number of illnesses and addictions related both to aging and a back injury sustained in a comedic pratfall from a piano while performing at the Sands Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip on March 20, 1965.

The accident almost left him paralyzed. In its aftermath, Lewis became addicted to the painkiller Percodan for thirteen years

He says he has been off the drug since 1978.] In April 2002, Lewis had a Medtronic “Synergy” neurostimulator implanted in his back which has helped reduce the discomfort. He is now one of the company’s leading spokesmen.

In the 2011 documentary Method to the Madness of Jerry Lewis, Lewis said he suffered his first heart attack while filming Cinderfella in 1960.

In December 1982, Lewis suffered another heart attack. En route to San Diego from New York City on a cross-country commercial airline flight on June 11, 2006, he sustained a minor heart attack .

It was discovered that he had pneumonia as well as a severely damaged heart. He underwent a cardiac catheterization and two stents were inserted into one of his coronary arteries, which was 90% blocked. The surgery resulted in increased blood flow to his heart and has allowed him to continue his rebound from earlier lung problems. Having the cardiac catheterization meant canceling several major events from his schedule, but Lewis fully recuperated in a matter of weeks.

In 1999, Lewis’ Australian tour was cut short when he had to be hospitalized in Darwin with viral meningitis. He was ill for more than five months. It was reported in the Australian press that he had failed to pay his medical bills. However, Lewis maintained that the payment confusion was the fault of his health insurer. The resulting negative publicity caused him to sue his insurer for US$100 million

Lewis has had prostate cancerdiabetespulmonary fibrosis and a decades-long history of heart diseasePrednisone  treatment in the late 1990s for pulmonary fibrosis resulted in weight gain and a noticeable change in his appearance.

In September 2001, Lewis was unable to perform at a planned London charity event at the London Palladium.

He was the headlining act, and he was introduced, but did not appear. He had suddenly become unwell, apparently with heart problems. He was subsequently taken to the hospital. Some months thereafter, Lewis began an arduous, months-long therapy that weaned him off prednisone and enabled him to return to work. On June 12, 2012, he was treated and released from a hospital after collapsing from hypoglycemia at a New York Friars’ Club event. This latest health issue forced him to cancel a show in Sydney.

Muscular dystrophy activism

Throughout his entire life and prolific career, Lewis was a world renowned humanitarian who has supported fundraising for research into muscular dystrophy. Until 2011, he served as national chairman of and spokesman for the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) (formerly, the Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America).

Lewis began hosting telethons to benefit the company from 1952 to 1959, then every Labor Day weekend from 1966 to 2010, he hosted the live annual Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon. Over nearly half a century, he raised over $2.6 billion in donations for the cause.

On August 3, 2011, it was announced that Lewis would no longer host the MDA telethons and is no longer associated with the Muscular Dystrophy Association

On May 1, 2015, it was announced that in view of “the new realities of television viewing and philanthropic giving”, the telethon was being discontinued.

] In early 2016, Lewis made an online video statement for the organization on its website, in honor of its rebranding, marking his first appearance in support of the Muscular Dystrophy Association since his final Labor Day Telethon in 2010 and the ending of his tenure as national chairman in 2011.

Theater chain

In 1969, Lewis agreed to lend his name to “Jerry Lewis Cinemas”, offered by National Cinema Corporation as a franchise business opportunity for those interested in theatrical movie exhibition. Jerry Lewis Cinemas stated that their theaters could be operated by a staff of as few as two with the aid of automation and support provided by the franchiser in booking films and in other aspects of film exhibition.

A forerunner of the smaller rooms typical of later multi-screen complexes, a Jerry Lewis Cinema was billed in franchising ads as a “mini-theatre” with a seating capacity of between 200 and 350. In addition to Lewis’s name, each Jerry Lewis Cinema bore a sign with a cartoon logo of Lewis in profile.

Initially 158 territories were franchised, with a buy-in fee of $10,000 or $15,000 depending on the territory, for what was called an “individual exhibitor”. For $50,000, the Jerry Lewis Cinemas offered an opportunity known as an “area directorship”, in which investors controlled franchising opportunities in a territory as well as their own cinemas.

The success of the chain was hampered by a policy of only booking second-run, family-friendly films. Eventually the policy was changed, and the Jerry Lewis Cinemas were allowed to show more competitive films, but after a decade the chain failed. Both Lewis and National Cinema Corp. declared bankruptcy in 1980.

Jerry’s House

In 2010, Lewis met with 7-year-old Lochie Graham who shared his idea for “Jerry’s House”, a place for vulnerable and traumatized children. The Australian charity hope2Day is raising funds to build the facility in Melbourne, Australia.

SOURCES : WIKIPEDIA

You can read also
A lire aussi

 

https://radiosatellite.co/2017/11/10/shirley-maclaine

http://www.radiosatellite2.com/archives/2014/07/23/30301103.html

CLAUDE GIRAUD dans Rabbi Jacob…Entre autres


Ce jour  (05 Février) est l’anniversaire de M.CLAUDE GIRAUD

Petit rappel ? CLAUDE GIRAUD c’est le fameux MOHAMED LARBI SLIMANE  dans le film RABBI jacob

GIRAUD ET DE FUNES

CLAUDE GIRAUD & LOUIS DE FUNES

 

Claude Giraud est un acteur français né le 5 février 1936 à Chamalières.

Très actif dans le milieu du doublage, il a été entre autres la voix française régulière des acteurs Robert Redford, Tommy Lee Jones et Alan Rickman. Il est aussi la voix d’Ulysse dans la série d’animation Ulysse 31 diffusée en 1981.

 

Enfance, formation et débuts

Fils d’un gynécologue, Claude Giraud grandit à Clermont Ferrand où son oncle possède plusieurs salles de cinéma.

C’est par Pierre Fresnay qu’il rencontre Henri Rollan4. Il est admis au Conservatoire national supérieur d’art dramatique à Paris. À sa sortie en 1962, il est engagé à la Comédie-Française, dont il devient le 460e sociétaire en 1976.

Carrière

Claude Giraud quitte la Comédie-Française fin 1982 pour participer à la création de la compagnie de Jean-Laurent Cochet au théâtre Hébertot où, à l’instar de sa « maison » précédente, plusieurs spectacles seront donnés en alternance.

Il a joué de nombreux rôles à la télévision dont Roger Mortimer dans la série Les Rois maudits (1972), le principal protagoniste des Compagnons de Jéhu (1966) et le père de Sébastien dans Sébastien parmi les hommes (1968), aux côtés de Mehdi El Glaoui. Toujours à la télévision, il est Cinna (1962) devant la caméra de Jean Kerchbron, Mehdi Ben Barka dans La guerre du pétrole n’aura pas lieu (1974) de Souheil Ben Barka et donne la réplique à Claude Jade dans Mamie Rose (1975) de Pierre Goutas .

Au cinéma, il est Philippe de Plessis-Bellière dans la série des Angélique (1964-1966), Hippolyte dans Phèdre (1968) de Pierre Jourdan et Slimane dans Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob (1973) de Gérard Oury.

Cependant, c’est surtout en tant que comédien de doublage que Claude Giraud s’est imposé depuis les années 1970, prêtant principalement sa voix à Robert Redford (Nos plus belles années, Les Hommes du président, Un pont trop loin, Out of Africa, L’Homme qui murmurait à l’oreille des chevaux), Tommy Lee Jones (Le Fugitif), Harrison Ford (Les Aventuriers de l’arche perdue), Sean Connery (dans Le Nom de la rose), Alan Rickman (Harry Potter, Sweeney Todd et Michael Collins) et Liam Neeson (La Liste de Schindler et Batman Begins). Il est également la voix française d’Ulysse dans la série animée Ulysse 31 (1981).

Il double Robert Redford dans la bande-annonce du film Sous surveillance en 2012 mais, ayant pris sa retraite avant la sortie en salles, C Giraud, est remplacé pour le doublage du film par Patrick Béthune. On peut néanmoins entendre sa voix en 2014 dans Les Luminessences d’Avignon, un spectacle en 3D dans la cour d’honneur du Palais des papes.

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Vie privée

Marié avec la comédienne Catherine Demanet, Claude Giraud a deux enfants : Louis (1964) et Marianne (1966), épouse du comédien et metteur en scène Jean Martinez.

ANNIVERSARIES : 18th of January


Anniversaires de naissances et décès en ce 18 Janvier
Birthdays and death anniversaries on 18th January

 

 

NAISSANCES      BIRTHDAYS   

18 janvier 1980 ◊ Estelle, chanteuse, rappeuse et productrice britannique (36 ans).
◊ Jason Segel, acteur, scénariste et musicien américain (36 ans).
18 janvier 1965 ◊ Valérie Damidot, animatrice télé française (51 ans).
18 janvier 1956 ◊ Elli Medeiros, chanteuse uruguayenne, carrière en France (60 ans).
18 janvier 1955 ◊ Kevin Costner, acteur et réalisateur américain (61 ans).
18 janvier 1950 ◊ Gilles Villeneuve, coureur automobile québecois (aurait 66 ans).
† 8 mai 1982
18 janvier 1949 ◊ Franz-Olivier Giesbert, journaliste français (67 ans).
◊ Philippe Starck, Designer et architecte français (67 ans).
18 janvier 1933 ◊ Jean Vuarnet, skieur français (83 ans).
18 janvier 1913 ◊ Danny Kaye, acteur américain (aurait 103 ans).
† 3 mars 1987
18 janvier 1904 ◊ Cary Grant, acteur américain (aurait 112 ans).
† 29 novembre 1986
18 janvier 1892 ◊ Oliver Hardy, acteur américain, Laurel & Hardy (aurait 124 ans).
† 7 août 1957
18 janvier 1881 ◊ Gaston Gallimard, éditeur français (aurait 135 ans).
† 25 décembre 1975
18 janvier 1689 ◊ Montesquieu, écrivain philosophe français (aurait 327 ans).
† 10 février 1755

 

 

danny kaye

Danny Kaye

 

CARY GRANT : here also another article / Voici un autre article

OLIVER HARDY : here also another article / Voici un autre article

 

Décès   Death   18 Janvier 

18 janvier 1988
Il y a 28 ans
† Jean Mitry, co-fondateur de la cinémathèque française (à 81 ans).
né le 7 novembre 1907
18 janvier 1986
Il y a 30 ans
† Jean Cassou, écrivain et résistant français (à 88 ans).
né le 9 juillet 1897
18 janvier 1977
Il y a 60 ans
† Yvonne Printemps, actrice française (à 82 ans).
née le 25 juillet 1894
18 janvier 1936
Il y a 80 ans
† Rudyard Kipling, écrivain britannique (à 71 ans).
né le 30 décembre 1865

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JEAN ROCHEFORT et LE PETIT PRINCE VERSION “DJEUNS”


Cliquez sur le lien  ( VIEW ORIGINAL POST )  pour voir la vidéo

 

 

 

 

 

TABBOUCH & Cie

L’artiste, l’acteur M Jean Rochefort explique l’histoire du “petit prince” ( d’Antoine de Saint Exupéry) en quelques minutes en mode language dit de “jeunes”

Sympa..Marrant…Même si pour notre part, ce n’est pas notre style, pas notre langage 🙂

En tout cas, Bravo M Rochefort… Grand talent connu et reconnu.

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CARY GRANT : On PARAMOUNT CHANNEL


PARAMOUNT CHANNEL : CARY GRANT       Wikipedia sources:  Cary Grant (born Archibald Alexander Leach; January 18, 1904 – November 29, 1986) was an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and “dashing good looks”, Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood’s definitive leading men. Notorious (1946), The…

Sourced through Scoop.it from: radiosatellite.co

https://radiosatellite.co/2013/10/27/cary-grant-on-paramount-channel/

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THE CHANGE UP 2011


The Change-Up is a 2011 American comedy film produced and directed by David Dobkin, written by Jon Lucas and Scott Moore, and starring Ryan Reynolds and Jason Bateman.

The film was released on August 5, 2011, in North America, by Universal Pictures, and received mostly negative reviews, with commentators criticizing the overly crude humor and generic plot, but praising the cast and particularly Bateman’s against-type performance.

Dave Lockwood (Jason Bateman) and Mitch Planko (Ryan Reynolds) are close friends who are each jealous of the other’s lifestyle.

 

While Dave is a lawyer with a wife and kids, Mitch is a freewheeling actor who has sex with many different women.

After getting drunk at a bar, Mitch and Dave urinate in a park’s fountain, and simultaneously wish that they had each other’s lives.

The next morning, Mitch and Dave realize they have switched bodies. Mitch remembers the wish they made the night before and they drive back to the park, planning to urinate again in the fountain and wish for their original lives back, but find the fountain has been removed for restorations.

 

Sources Wikipedia

 

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the change up movie 2011

the change up movie 2011

ALDO MACCIONE… BIRTHDAY 27 NOV


HAPPY BIRTHDAY ALDO MACCIONE

Aldo Maccione est un acteur et chanteur italien né le 27 novembre 1935 à Turin (Italie).

 

 

Acteur de comédie, il a tourné dans son pays d’origine, mais c’est en France qu’il est devenu une vedette et où il a fait l’essentiel de sa carrière dans les années 1970 et les années 1980.

 

Après avoir gagné un radio-crochet dans les années 60, Aldo Maccione est engagé par un théâtre turinois où il se fait remarquer en imitant les stars de l’époque comme Jerry Lewis et Clark Gable. Venu travailler à Paris, il fait les entractes de l’Olympia avec son groupe italien, le quatuor « Les Brutos ». Ils se produisent aux quatre coins de la planète.

ALDO3

 

Entre quelques scopitones (ancêtres des clips) dont un tourné par son futur réalisateur, Claude Lelouch, et quelques émissions télé de variété, il crée un nouveau groupe parodique, « Les Tontos », qui se produit six ans d’affilée à l’Emporium de Barcelone. C’est en accompagnant Sacha Distel à Londres et à l’Olympia qu’il crée et popularise sa marque de fabrique : « Aldo la classe »

ALDO4

 

En 1970, Claude Lelouch, amusé par sa démarche cambrée « empruntée » à Alberto Sordi, lui donne son premier rôle au cinéma dans Le Voyou. En 1972, il retrouve Claude Lelouch pour L’aventure c’est l’aventure où, aux côtés de vedettes comme Lino Ventura, Charles Denner et Jacques Brel, il fait une célèbre démonstration de groupe de sa démarche.

ALDO MACCINE12

 

Dans les années 1970, les rôles comiques se succèdent. Il apparaît dans le premier volet de la Septième Compagnie en 1973 (Henri Guybet reprendra son rôle dans les deux épisodes suivants), mais aussi aux côtés de Pierre Richard (Je suis timide mais je me soigne, C’est pas moi, c’est lui) ou Jean-Paul Belmondo (L’Animal).

ALDO MACCIONE 7

 

Les années 1980 s’avèrent glorieuses et il est une vedette qui permet à des comédies de se monter sur son seul nom. Il abandonne son personnage d’« Aldo la classe » à la fin des années 1980 et a du mal à donner un nouveau souffle à sa carrière, faisant néanmoins quelques apparitions dans des films ou téléfilms.

ALDO

 

En 2005, il apparaît dans le film français Travaux, on sait quand ça commence… aux côtés de Carole Bouquet et Jean-Pierre Castaldi, dans le rôle d’un carreleur un peu trop imbu de sa personne.

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Il vit désormais à Saint-Paul-de-Vence dans les Alpes-Maritimes.

 

À partir du 29 janvier 2010, il participe à la troisième saison de La Ferme Célébrités en Afrique qu’il quitte le 5 février 2010, pour cause de problèmes de santé.

 

Le 5 juin 2015, le journaliste et réalisateur Gilles Botineau publie aux Éditions Christian Navarro une biographie entièrement consacrée au comédien. L’ouvrage, titréAldo Maccione, la classe , est préfacé par Claude Lelouch.

 

Sources Wikipedia

Remember Aunt Clara ?? Bewitched?


Marion Lorne (August 12, 1883 – May 9, 1968) was an American actress of stage, film, and television. After a career in theatre in New York and London, Lorne made her first film in 1951, and for the remainder of her life, played small roles in films and television.

Her recurring role, between 1964 and her death in 1968, as Aunt Clara in the comedy series, Bewitched (1964–1972) brought her widespread recognition, and for which she was posthumously awarded an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series.  

She was born Marion Lorne MacDougall in West Pittston, Pennsylvania, a small mining town halfway between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton, of Scottish and English immigrant parents.  While her year of birth is listed as 1885 on her tombstone, it was usually listed as 1888 when she was alive and the Social Security Death Index lists it as 1883. She studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City.

Career Lorne debuted on Broadway in 1905; she also acted in London theaters, enjoying a flourishing stage career on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.

In London she had her own theater, the Whitehall, where she had top billing in plays written by Walter Hackett, her husband. None of her productions at the Whitehall had runs shorter than 125 nights.

After appearing in a couple of Vitaphone shorts, including Success (1931) starring Jack Haley, she made her feature film debut in her late 60s in Strangers on a Train (1951), directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

The role was typical of the befuddled, nervous, and somewhat aristocratic matrons that she usually portrayed.

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From 1952-55, Lorne was seen as perpetually confused junior high school English teacher Mrs. Gurney on Mr. Peepers. From 1957–58, she co-starred with Joan Caulfield in the NBC sitcom Sally in the role of an elderly widow who happens to be the co-owner of a department store. Although afraid of live television, declaring “I’m a coward when it comes to a live [television] show”,  she was persuaded to appear a few times to promote the film The Girl Rush with Rosalind Russell in the mid-1950s.

Between 1958–64, she made regular appearances on The Garry Moore Show (1958–64). Her last role, as Aunt Clara in Bewitched, brought Lorne her widest fame as a lovable, forgetful witch who is losing her powers due to old age and whose spells usually end in disaster. Aunt Clara is obsessed with doorknobs, often bringing her collection with her on visits.

Lorne had an extensive collection of doorknobs in real life, some of which she used as props in the series.[8] Death She appeared in twenty-seven episodes of Bewitched, and was not replaced after she died of a heart attack in her Manhattan apartment, just prior to the start of production of the show’s fifth season, at the age of 84 on May 9, 1968. Lorne is buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Greenburgh, New York.

Posthumous The producers of Bewitched recognized that Lorne’s performance as Aunt Clara could not be replicated by another actress.  Comedic actress Alice Ghostley was recruited to fill the gap as “Esmeralda”, a different type of befuddled witch with wobbly magic whose spells often went astray.

Coincidentally, Lorne and Ghostley had appeared side-by-side as partygoers in the iconic comedy-drama film The Graduate , made the year before Lorne’s death.  She received a posthumous Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on Bewitched. The statue was accepted by Bewitched star Elizabeth Montgomery. Personal life She was married to playwright Walter Hackett, who died in 1944. WIKIPEDIA  SOURCES  Personal life She was married to playwright Walter Hackett, who died in 1944.

JOHN WAYNE La légende


John WAYNE: Considéré comme l’américain patriote, héroique, symbolisant à lui seul

 

 

JOHN WAYNE

john wayne

john wayne

Marion Mitchell Morrison, dit John Wayne, né le 26 mai 1907 à Winterset dans l’Iowa, aux États-Unis, et mort le 11 juin 1979 àLos Angeles, est un acteurréalisateur et producteur américain.

S’il a joué dans des films policiers, des films de guerre et quelques comédies romantiques, c’est dans ses nombreux westernsque John Wayne s’est réellement imposé, sous la direction de deux réalisateurs particulièrement : John Ford (La Chevauchée fantastiqueLe Massacre de Fort ApacheLa Charge héroïqueRio GrandeLa Prisonnière du désert ou encore L’Homme qui tua Liberty Valance) et Howard Hawks (La Rivière rougeRio BravoEl Dorado ou Rio Lobo). Il tourna également plusieurs films avec Henry Hathaway dont Cent dollars pour un shérif, qui lui valut en 1970 l’unique Oscar de sa carrière.

En 1960, il passa derrière la caméra pour réaliser une fresque historique d’envergure, Alamo, relatant les derniers jours de Davy Crockett et ses compagnons lors de la guerre d’indépendance du Texas. Huit ans plus tard, il coréalisa Les Bérets verts, film engagé justifiant l’intervention américaine au Viêt Nam. Ses deux réalisations reflètent l’engagement personnel de John Wayne, républicain et ardent patriote

Classé 13e plus grande star de légende par l’American Film Institute en 1999, John Wayne est certainement un des acteurs les plus représentatifs du western, une incarnation à lui seul de l’Amérique conquérante. Surnommé « The Duke » (le Duc), il reste toujours aujourd’hui, grâce à ses films, le symbole d’une certaine virilité. Il interpréta ce rôle d’homme viril, dur, solitaire et un peu machiste tout au long de sa carrière, ce qui lui fit déclarer : « J’ai joué John Wayne dans tous mes films et ça m’a plutôt pas mal réussi ».

Enfance et scolarité

 

Glendale aujourd’hui, où vécut John Wayne de 1916 à 1924.

Né dans une famille modeste et presbytérienne, son père est Clyde Leonard Morrison (1884–1937), d’ascendance irlandaise et écossaise et fils d’un vétéran de la Guerre de Sécession, Marion Mitchell Morrison (1845–1915). Sa mère est Mary Alberta Brown (1885–1970), d’origine irlandaise. En décembre 1912 naquit son frère Robert. Ses parents changèrent alors son identité en Marion Mitchell Morrison (toutefois il a souvent affirmé que son vrai nom aurait été Marion Michael Morrison).

John Wayne

John Wayne

 

Peu après son père eut des lésions aux poumons et fut contraint de « changer d’air » pour sa santé. Il mit en vente sa pharmacie et acheta une maison délabrée près du désert des Mojaves, à Palmdale, et des terres où il décida de faire pousser du maïs. Sa femme et ses enfants vinrent le rejoindre en 1914. « Je crois que c’était une misérable baraque. Ni gaz, ni électricité, ni eau courante. […] Nous étions absolument coupés du monde. » C’est pour aider son père qu’il apprit à se servir d’un fusil et à monter à cheval. « Je suis très à l’aise en selle, mais je ne suis pas amoureux des chevaux. Ils sont seulement utiles dans une ferme ou pour tourner un film. »

Lassée du climat rude et de la pauvreté de la famille, Mary Morrison poussa son mari à tout vendre. Ils partirent à Glendale, faubourg de Los Angeles, en 1916, où le père trouva un emploi dans une pharmacie5. Ils déménagèrent régulièrement, s’installant à chaque fois dans une maison plus petite. Marion devint vite un bon élève, lisant beaucoup à la bibliothèque municipale. À douze ans, il enchaîna, en parallèle des cours, des petits boulots  : livreur de journaux, livreur, ouvreur du cinéma Palace.

Son premier vrai souvenir d’un film est probablement Les Quatre Cavaliers de l’Apocalypse avec Rudolph Valentino6. Grâce à son job d’ouvreur, il pouvait accéder à un très grand nombre de films, dont des westerns avec Harry Carey ou des films d’aventures avec Douglas Fairbanks. Il se lia d’amitié avec Bob Steele, future star de westerns des années 1920. C’est aussi dès cette époque que Marion fut surnommé « Big Duke » en référence à son chien, « Little Duke », qu’il emmenait partout avec lui. Au collège, il appartenait aux clubs sportifs et culturels, et fit du théâtre, non comme acteur, mais comme accessoiriste. Ses rares performances d’acteur ne furent pas convaincantes, trop pétrifié qu’il était par le trac

Sportif et accessoiriste

En 1924, l’Université de Californie du Sud décida de recruter les meilleurs éléments des clubs alentours pour sa propre équipe de football, les Trojans, dont Marion Morrison. Pouvant faire ses études gratuitement grâce à une bourse sportive, il fut aussi initié à une fraternité, Sigma Chi8. Il rencontra peu après la vedette Tom Mix, qui assistait à tous les matchs de l’équipe. Appréciant la carrure du jeune homme, il lui offrit un rôle dans un film qu’il devait tourner quelques mois après.

Entre-temps, lors d’un weekend à Balboa, il fut victime d’un accident de bodysurf : il se déchira un muscle de l’épaule après une chute qui le fit entrer en contact avec le fond, tenta vainement quelque temps de continuer le football mais fut évincé de l’équipe, avec toutefois un diplôme de la Fédération de football. Il n’y joua plus jamais. L’été au studio, la star méprisa le jeune Morrison, qui fut toutefois engagé, mais comme accessoiriste.

 
La rencontre avec John Ford fut décisive pour la carrière de John Wayne, même si c’est Raoul Walshqui lui confia son premier grand rôle
 
.
 

Après une figuration sur le film The drop Kick, il fut appelé sur le tournage de Maman de mon cœur, dirigé par John Ford, réalisateur déjà respecté à Hollywood. Celui-ci décida un jour de provoquer gentiment le jeune footballeur Morrison en le faisant se mettre en position, puis en lui faisant mordre la poussière. La pareille que lui rendit aussitôt le jeune homme le fit grimper dans l’estime du réalisateur.

JOHN FORD

JOHN FORD

JOHN WAYNE

john wayne

Il l’embaucha d’ailleurs comme acteur sur son film suivant, La Maison du bourreau, dans un petit rôle de paysan condamné par un juge. John Ford le fit d’abord renvoyer à cause de son comportement (il fut pris d’un fou rire), puis le rappela et tourna la scène.

À partir de 1928, il décida de ne plus aller à l’université. N’ayant plus la bourse accordée grâce à l’équipe de football, il ne pouvait s’offrir les cours. Il retourna à la Fox et devint accessoiriste pendant trois années. « J’ai été menuisier, manœuvre, électricien, charpentier, peintre et tapissier. J’ai tout fait, je connais tous les problèmes du métier et les trucs pour les résoudre. » Il travailla alors de nouveau avec John Ford et d’autres réalisateurs, et fit un peu de figuration, notamment dans Words and musicRough Romance ou Cheer up and smile. Dans Salute, il se confronta pour une des premières fois à un autre étudiant-footballeur voulant participer au film de Ford, Wardell Bond. Dans Hommes sans femmes il fut engagé comme cascadeur, mais payé au tarif d’un accessoiriste

JW young

JW young

Le faux départ

Le cinéma parlant avait rendu difficile la réalisation de westerns. Le réalisateur Raoul Walsh prouva le contraire en coréalisant In Old Arizona qui fut un gros succès. La Fox voulut alors lui confier la réalisation d’un grand western, au budget d’un million de dollars. Des acteurs de théâtre furent engagés  : Tyrone Power et Ian Keith. Pour le rôle principal, le choix s’orienta vers Gary Cooper, mais celui-ci était indisponible car sous contrat avecSamuel Goldwyn. Walsh remarqua alors par hasard cet accessoiriste qui déchargeait un camion, Duke Morrison, puis décida de lui faire faire un bout d’essai. Le producteur délégué et le réalisateur décidèrent juste après de lui faire changer de nom. Par admiration pour le général Anthony Wayne, on lui trouva un nom. Et tout bêtement parce que « John » faisait Américain et simple, on lui donna ce prénom. Ainsi Duke Morrison devint John Wayne, sans même avoir été consulté.

Le tournage de La Piste des géants commença à Yuma. Wayne fut victime d’une dysenterie qui l’obligea à un régime et lui fit perdre trois semaines de tournage. Le film fut tourné en70 mm, près de vingt ans avant le CinemaScope. La première mondiale eut lieu le 24 octobre 1930 dans un grand cinéma de Hollywood et la société de production fit faire à sa nouvelle vedette une promotion mensongère, lui inventant une nouvelle biographie.

Le film fut un échec notoire et la conséquence pour John Wayne fut de redevenir un acteur inconnu, sous contrat, à 75 dollars la semaine. De plus, il se fâcha quelque temps avec John Ford

Les années 1930 : entre échecs et nouveau départ

Un acteur de séries B

Duke fut engagé en 1930 pour tourner Girls demand excitement, une comédie musicale dirigée par un chorégraphe de New York parfaitement inexpérimenté, avec Virginia Cherrill. Puis avec Loretta Young, ce fut Three girls lost. Présenté le 1er mai 1931, le film fut résumé par un critique par : « Tout cela est assez idiot ! » La Fox ne renouvela pas le contrat de John Wayne, qui fut embauché par Harry Cohn, grand patron de la Columbia, qui lui fit tourner un autre film sans intérêt, Men are like that. Ces films permirent toutefois à Wayne de se faire un public. Mais une brouille avec Cohn lui fit perdre son statut de vedette, et il devint un second rôle, au profit de Tim McCoy notamment. Il n’oublia jamais cette offense et, devenu une grande vedette, refusa toujours de tourner pour la Columbia.

La mode était aux films d’aviation. John Wayne, qui venait de prendre un agent, Al Kingston, tourna L’ombre d’un aigle. C’est sur ce tournage qu’il rencontra Yakima Canutt, qui allait devenir l’un des cascadeurs les plus connus du cinéma américain. Il enchaîna avec Hurricane express où il interprétait un aviateur décidé à venger son père, tué dans un accident de chemin de fer. Le 24 juin 1933, il se maria enfin à celle qu’il aimait depuis des années, Josie (Josephine Saenz).

cette dernière lui permit d’obtenir un petit rôle, celui d’un boxeur, dans La Vie de Jimmy Dolan avec Douglas Fairbanks. Al Kingston arrangea ensuite un entretien avec Trem Carr et Leo Ostrow qui venaient de fonder la sociétéMonogram Pictures et Duke se vit offrir un contrat de huit westerns par an, payés 2500 $. Il tourna la même année Les Cavaliers du destin où il fut un cow-boy chantant. Exaspéré par cette expérience humiliante, il déclara plus tard que sa chansonnette en play-back lui donnait l’impression « d’être une foutue pédale. » Pourtant cette époque laissa à Wayne de bons souvenirs, il déclara plus tard  : « D’avril à septembre on travaillait comme des dingues pour fournir de la pellicule aux petites salles qui achetaient la production en bloc et d’avance. Puis, à la fin de l’été, je filais chasser la palombe. Ensuite c’était la saison des oies sauvages et des canards. […] Oui c’était le bon temps

LORETTA YOUNG

LORETTA YOUNG

De nouvelles expériences navrantes

Marié et à présent père, John Wayne refusa un nouveau contrat de 24 000 $ proposé par Herbert J. Yates pour Monogram Pictures, las de vivre loin de sa famille et de ses enfants. Il s’essaya sans succès à la gestion d’une agence immobilière. Puis, sous le nom de Duke Morrison, devint boxeur et fit quelques combats dans le Nevada19. Encore une fois, sans grand succès. Résolu à revenir au cinéma, il tenta de se faire remarquer par Cecil B. DeMille,

cecil_b_de_mille

cecil_b_de_mille

en vain. Son ami Paul Fix lui proposa alors une pièce de théâtre, Red Sky At Evening, avecSally Blane. D’abord enthousiasmé, il déchanta assez vite, se rappelant ses expériences navrantes de jeunesse. La seule et unique représentation fut un désastre  : ayant vidé une bouteille de whisky pour se donner du courage, Wayne entra sur scène ivre, oubliant ses répliques et demandant : « Où suis-je? »

Il reprit alors le chemin des studios et tourna pour Universal quelques films où il abandonnait son personnage de cow-boy. Entre 1936 et 1937, il tourna ainsi Les Pirates de la merConflic où il joua un boxeur, I Cover de war dans le rôle d’un reporter, et L’idole de la foule. Produits à coûts réduits, ces films furent des échecs cuisants. Son public fidèle ne voulait de John Wayne qu’il ne fût qu’un cow-boy, sachant se battre et manier son pistolet. Il revint alors vers Herbert J. Yates et tourna d’autres films médiocres, dont certains ne sortirent qu’une fois John Wayne devenu une star.

« Sauvé » par John Ford

À l’été 1937, John Ford invita Wayne à bord de son bateau, l’Araner, et lui donna à lire un scénario de Dudley NicholsLa Chevauchée fantastique, pour avoir son avis quant à l’acteur qui pourrait endosser le premier rôle. Vexé, il proposa néanmoins Lloyd Nolan. Ce n’est que le lendemain que Ford lui demanda : « Idiot, tu penses que tu ne pourrais pas le jouer le rôle ? » Mais les producteurs envisageaient plutôt des vedettes confirmées  : Gary Cooper et Marlène Dietrich.

Le réalisateur réussit finalement à imposer Wayne et Claire Trevor, ainsi que d’autres acteurs expérimentés, tels que Thomas Mitchell ou George Bancroft.

Le film fut tourné d’octobre à décembre 1938, avec un budget modeste. Quelques scènes furent filmées à Monument Valley, le reste en CalifornieYakima Canutt doubla John Wayne, notamment lors de la grande attaque de la diligence. Ce dernier fut tout au long du tournage tyrannisé par le réalisateur, Ford le reprenant sans cesse sur sa façon de marcher, de jouer, de parler. « Je l’aurais tué. Il me mettait en rage. Mais Ford savait ce qu’il faisait. Il savait que j’avais honte d’être un cow-boy de westerns de séries B et de me retrouver là, en compagnie de ces grandes vedettes. » Ford offrit à son acteur vedette l’une des « plus belles entrées de star de l’histoire du cinéma », avec son fameux mouvement de caméra laissant apparaître Ringo Kid, une selle dans une main, un fusil dans l’autre.

GARY COOPER

GARY COOPER

La Chevauchée fantastique fut un succès public et reçut sept nominations aux Oscar du cinéma. Les conséquences furent nombreuses  : le western comme genre de cinéma fut réhabilité (le critique Frank S. Nugent écrivit  : « Dans un grand geste superbe, John Ford a balayé dix ans d’artifice et de compromis et a réalisé un film qui fait chanter la caméra ») et John Wayne sortit enfin de l’impasse dans laquelle il se trouvait depuis le début des années 1930.

1940-1951 : L’affirmation d’un héros de cinéma américain

Des retrouvailles professionnelles

 John Wayne dans Les Naufrageurs des mers du sud, de Cecil B. DeMille, en 1942.

Le succès international de La Chevauchée fantastique fit de John Wayne une star, auprès du public et des réalisateurs. Son salaire fut multiplié par trois, puis par onze en 1946, et il devint alors un des acteurs les plus chers avec Gary Cooper ou Clark Gable. Il retrouva le réalisateur Raoul Walsh en 1940 pour un western sur fond de guerre civile, L’Escadron noir, avec Claire Trevor. La même année, il fut engagé pour incarner un Américain accueillant des réfugiés allemands fuyant le régime nazi dans Les Déracinés, et retrouva John Ford pour Les Hommes de la mer. Tourné rapidement et pour un coût relativement modeste, le film ne fut pas un succès public. De plus, Wayne n’était toujours pas pris au sérieux par le réalisateur qui ne le pensait pas capable de jouer des rôles plus complexes. Il tourna un dernier film cette année 1940, La Maison des sept péchés, première collaboration avec Marlène Dietrich, avec qui il s’entendit à merveille33.

PAULETTE GODARD

 

Il fut contacté par le réalisateur Cecil B. DeMille. Wayne, qui n’avait pas oublié sa première rencontre infructueuse avec lui, refusa de jouer dans son film, en lui adressant une longue notice visant à modifier le scénario. DeMille le rappela, John Wayne se fit prier et, après plusieurs discussions, DeMille obtint que John Wayne tournât dans Les Naufrageurs des mers du sud, en compagnie de Ray Milland et Paulette Goddard,

PAULETTE GODARD

PAULETTE GODARD

l’histoire d’un pilleur d’épaves dans les Caraïbes. Le tournage fut agréable, l’entente parfaite, ce qui fit déclarer à Wayne  : « Après avoir tourné avec lui, j’ai pu garder la tête haute, en dépit des films dégueulasses que je devais faire pour Republic. » L’année 1942 vit également Lady for a Night, de Leigh Jason avec Joan Blondell pour partenaire.

Après l’entrée en guerre des États-Unis, John Wayne voulut s’engager pour partir combattre en Europe. Mais, marié et père de quatre enfants, sa demande fut rejetée à plusieurs reprises. Sa participation se réduisit alors à des visites dans des camps. Il déclara plus tard  : « J’ai toujours eu honte de ne pas avoir combattu. Lorsque j’interprète un officier à la tête de son commando, j’ai une piètre opinion de moi-même. »

Patriote et soldat au cinéma

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le père de Joe Dassin )

Il retrouva Marlène Dietrich en 1942 dans une nouvelle adaptation du roman de Rex BeachLes Écumeurs, avec un jeune premier, Randolph Scott, puis dans La Fièvre de l’or noir, qui connut un accueil chaleureux de la part du public. Wayne incarna également un pilote de l’armée américaine combattant les Japonais dans Les Tigres volants, film de propagande réalisé par David MillerSacramento, un nouveau western, fut choisi par John Wayne car il devait incarner un pharmacien, une manière de rendre hommage à son père décédé en 1938.

Les années suivantes, John Wayne tourna une série de films de guerre  : Quelque part en France de Jules Dassin

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le père de Joe Dassin )

JULES DASSIN (qui est aussi le père de Joe Dassin )

où il incarna un pilote réfugié en Normandie, puis Alerte aux marines. Aux côtés d’ Anthony Quinn, il incarna un colonel américain luttant avec les résistants philippins dans Retour aux Philippines. Républicain et patriote, Wayne critiqua par la suite le travail du réalisateur Edward Dmytryk, qui fut lié au parti communiste et figura sur la liste des Dix d’Hollywood, ainsi que le scénario. Il retrouva ensuite John Ford pour Les Sacrifiés – qui se déroule pendant la guerre du Pacifique – aux côtés d’un jeune acteur, Robert Montgomery. Le film rapporta de l’argent et se classa parmi les vingt plus gros succès de l’année.

Entre temps, John Wayne revint au western dans L’Amazone aux yeux verts, revenant sur sa déclaration de ne plus jamais en tourner. Scénarisé et interprété par son ami Paul Fix, le film imposa durablement l’image virile, nonchalante et misogyne de son personnage.

En revanche, King Vidor ne peut le diriger avec Hedy Lamarr dans Duel au soleil (1946), western lyrique et exacerbé finalement interprété par Gregory Peck et Jennifer Jones et devenu un classique. Il enchaîna par la suite quelques films passés inaperçus, La Femme du pionnierSans réserve avec Claudette Colbert et L’Ange et le mauvais garçon. Pour faire « rentrer l’argent », il tourna également Taïkoun, de nouveau avec Anthony Quinn. En 1948, John Wayne, devenu une vedette importante, faisait partie des acteurs préférés du public américain, avec Clark GableGary Cooper et Humphrey Bogart.

Hawks, la Cavalerie et le Pacifique

En 1947, John Ford tourna le premier volet d’une trilogie consacrée à la cavalerie américaine, Le Massacre de Fort Apache avec pour vedettesHenry Fonda et John Wayne dans un rôle d’officier « humain et pacifiste ». Tourné à Monument Valley pour un budget modeste, le film réunit également Ward Bond et Victor McLaglen. John Wayne, habitué aux humeurs du réalisateur, fut un soutien psychologique précieux pour le jeune John Agar, martyrisé par Ford48. L’accueil public fut chaleureux. Il enchaina avec un rôle de nouveau refusé par Gary Cooper, celui de Tom Dunson dans La Rivière rouge de Howard Hawks qui signait là son premier western. Dans un rôle de cow-boy dur et brutal, Wayne eut pour partenaire Montgomery Clift avec qui il ne s’entendit pas immédiatement. Ce film tourné en extérieurs fut également un grand succès, rapportant plus de dix millions de dollars. Et s’il ne fut pas récompensé, John Wayne impressionna John Ford qui déclara par la suite àHawks : « Je ne savais pas que ce grand fils de pute pouvait jouer ».

OLIVER HARDY

 

En 1948, il engagea à nouveau John Wayne pour Le fils du désert, film en technicolor avec Harry Carey Jr., tourné dans la vallée de la Mort. Wayne tourna ensuite deux films, Le Réveil de la sorcière rouge avec Gail Russell et Le Bagarreur du Kentucky avec Oliver Hardy,

Oliver Hardy

Oliver Hardy

western sans moyens. Deuxième épisode de la trilogie de la cavalerie de FordLa Charge héroïque fut tourné en 1949 à Monument Valley et remporta un grand succès. L’année suivante, Rio Grande, suite du Massacre de Fort Apache, le mit en scène aux côtés de Maureen O’Haraqui devint une partenaire fidèle en même temps qu’une grande amie.

John Wayne enfila de nouveau l’uniforme de l’armée américaine dans trois films : Iwo Jima de Allan Dwan, pour lequel il fut nommé aux Oscars56Opération dans le Pacifique puis Les Diables de Guadalcanal de Nicholas Ray (qui désavoua le film par la suite, au même titre que Wayne qui le considérait comme une œuvre mineure), clôturant ainsi sa série de films en hommage aux combattants de la guerre du Pacifique.

1952-1959 : Une incarnation de l’Amérique à l’écran, un héros aux multiples visages

En 1952, John Wayne tourna à nouveau avec Maureen O’Hara et John Ford. Si Ford ne peut engager le couple d’acteurs pour son adaptation de What Price Glory (qu’ils ont joué sous sa direction sur scène), ils se consolent largement avec L’Homme tranquille, tourné en Irlande (terre des ancêtres du réalisateur), pour un cachet dérisoire. Le film, qui racontait le retour d’un boxeur américain dans son pays d’origine, fut un gros succès commercial dans le monde entier et remporta l’Oscar du Meilleur Film. Big Jim McLain, réalisé la même année parEdward Ludwig le mettait dans la peau d’un enquêteur de la Commission sur les activités anti-américaines au service du sénateur McCarthyL’Homme de bonne volonté, réalisé en 1953 par Michael Curtiz ne remporta pas le succès espéré et orienta de nouveau John Wayne vers des films héroïques. Sous la direction de William Wellman, il tourna Aventure dans le Grand Nord, qu’il coproduisit, et refusa un rôle principal dans Géant (qui fut interprété par Rock Hudson). Également coproducteur de Hondo, l’homme du désert, il fut obligé de reprendre le rôle titre, la star du film Glenn Ford étant en désaccord avec le réalisateur, puis retrouva l’équipe de Aventure dans le Grand Nord pour un nouveau film catastrophe, Écrit dans le ciel. Le film fut un grand succès public, nommé aux Oscars (seule la musique de Dimitri Tiomkin reçut la récompense). Sa collaboration avec Lana Turner pour Le Renard des océans fut houleuse, mais il s’entendit à merveille avec Lauren Bacall sur le tournage de L’Allée sanglante, qui fut un succès immédiat.

 La Prisonnière du désert a été désigné plus grand western de tous les temps par l’American Film Institute.

Le tournage du Conquérant en 1956 fut éprouvant65. Produit par Howard Hughes et réalisé par Dick Powell, il mettait en scène John Wayne dans le rôle … du chef asiatique Gengis Khan, avec Susan Hayward pour partenaire.

 

Tourné près d’un site d’essais nucléaires, il fut probablement à l’origine du cancer de l’acteur (et d’une grande partie de l’équipe du film). En outre, il fut un lourd échec au box-office. La même année, Wayne tourna un nouveau western sous la direction de John FordLa Prisonnière du désert. Tourné sur deux saisons (l’hiver et l’été), à Monument Valley notamment, le film permit à John Wayne de créer un personnage sombre et violent. Le film fut un énorme succès à sa sortie et plusieurs critiques louèrent le travail du réalisateur. En outre, il est aujourd’hui considéré par l’American Film Institute comme le plus grand western de tous les temps.

 

En 1957, de nouveau avec Ford, il tourna L’aigle vole au soleil, un film de guerre adapté de la biographie du héros Frank Wead, avant d’enchainer avec un film d’espionnage, Les espions s’amusent. Mise en scène par Joseph von Sternberg, avec l’actrice Janet Leigh, cette comédie d’espionnage était considérée par John Wayne comme son plus mauvais film. L’année suivante, il forma un couple à l’écran avec Sophia Loren dans La Cité disparue, tourné en partie en Italie par Henry Hathaway, puis entama le tournage du Barbare et la Geisha, sous la direction de John Huston. Les relations furent souvent tendues entre les deux hommes, et le film fut un échec. Wayne fut engagé de nouveau par Howard Hawks pour jouer dans Rio Bravo, aux côtés de Dean Martin et Rick Nelson. Construit comme l’opposition scénaristique du Train sifflera trois fois, le film fut un gros succès populaire et critique. Son nouveau projet avec John Ford et William HoldenLes Cavaliers, fut difficile : le scénario était complexe, le réalisateur vieillissait, des tensions intervinrent entre les sociétés de production et un cascadeur se tua sur le tournage.

susan hayward

susan hayward

1960-1976 : La fin du géant

John Wayne réalise en 1960 Alamo, qui fut une très belle fresque historique. Néanmoins le scénariste de ce film se permit quelques libertés par rapport aux causes et au déroulement de la bataille. En réalisant ce film, John Wayne souhaitait montrer l’abnégation des hommes à défendre une cause qui leur semble juste, telle la république ou la liberté. L’acteur reste fidèle à ce genre et retrouve à plusieurs reprises Henry Hathaway (1960 : Le Grand Sam avec Stewart Granger, 1965 : Les Quatre Fils de Katie Elder avec Dean Martin, 1969 : Cent dollars pour un shérif), Howard Hawks (1966 : El Dorado avec Robert Mitchum, 1970 : Rio Lobo avec Jennifer O’Neill), et bien sûr Ford pour L’Homme qui tua Liberty Valance (1962) face àJames Stewart, plus tard tournant beaucoup avec Andrew V. McLaglen (1963 : Le Grand McLintock qui réunit Wayne avec Maureen O’Hara et Yvonne De Carlo, 1969 : Les Géants de l’Ouest face à Rock Hudson, 1970 : Chisum, 1973 : Les Cordes de la potence).

 

La star continue de privilégier le film d’aventure  : exotique (en 1962 Hatari ! de Hawks), de guerre (en 1962 Le Jour le plus long, en 1965 Première Victoire d’Otto Preminger avec Kirk Douglas, en 1966 L’Ombre d’un géant avec Yul Brynner et Frank Sinatra). Il participe aux superproductions Le Plus Grand Cirque du monde d’Hathaway (1964) avec Rita Hayworth

Rita Hayworth

Rita Hayworth

etClaudia Cardinale et La Plus Grande Histoire jamais contée de George Stevens (1965) où il incarne le centurion de la Crucifixion. Finalement il ne se détend vraiment à l’écran que chez Ford, dans La Taverne de l’Irlandais (1963).

Lui-même revient à la mise en scène en 1968 pour le très polémique Les Bérets verts. L’essentiel est ailleurs : miné par la maladie mais toujours très actif, ce grand séducteur de l’écran s’offre un dernier tour avec sa partenaire favorite, Maureen O’Hara, dans Big Jake en 1971 (que Wayne coréalise), et un duel avec une autre géante, Katharine Hepburn, dans le western humoristique Une bible et un fusil (1975). Sur le tard, il tourne deux policiers : Un silencieux au bout du canon de John Sturges (1974) et Brannigan (1975). L’année de sa mort, sa carrière se clôt sur un western au titre mythique : Le Dernier des géants, dirigé par Don Siegel, où John retrouve James Stewart et Lauren Bacall. Une époque disparaît.

En 1964, on diagnostique chez Wayne un cancer du poumon. Des rumeurs affirment que le responsable de ce cancer était le site nucléaire de Yucca Flat, proche du plateau de cinéma lors du tournage du film Le Conquérant. Patriote, John Wayne pensait que les six paquets de cigarettes qu’il fumait par jour en étaient la cause.

 John Wayne dans Rio Bravo

Toujours présent à l’écran dans des premiers rôles malgré la maladie jusqu’en 1976, il décède finalement d’un cancer de l’estomac le 11 juin 1979. D’après son fils Patrick, il se convertit au catholicisme peu avant sa mort . Il est enterré au cimetière de Pacific View à Corona del Mar.

Engagement politique

John Wayne était connu pour ses opinions patriotiques, anti-communistes et conservatrices. Star du parti républicain, il s’impliqua dans la création de la Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, une association américaine de cinéma conservatrice. S’il n’a pas été incorporé pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale pour des raisons familiales, il a toujours soutenu l’effort de guerre américain  : il incarnera toutes les catégories de soldats américains et cosigne, en 1968, avec Les Bérets verts le seul film américain ouvertement pro-guerre du Vietnam.

En 1964, il soutient encore la candidature de Barry Goldwater à la présidence des États-Unis et, en 1968, est approché pour être lui-même le candidat du parti républicain. Il déclina la proposition au prétexte qu’il ne pensait pas que le public pourrait envoyer un acteur à la Maison-Blanche. Il fut même approché pour être le colistier du candidat dixiecrat George Wallace. Il ne donna pas suite. John Wayne fut cependant un ardent soutien de son ami, l’acteur Ronald Reagan, lors de ses candidatures au poste de gouverneur de Californie en 1966 et 1970.

Famille

Il est le père de Michael Wayne (19342003), acteur et producteur, et de Patrick Wayne (né en 1939), acteur.

Décoration

Le Congrès américain lui décerne le 26 mai 1979 la Médaille d’or du Congrès (plus haute distinction civile qui puisse être accordée à un citoyen). Événement exceptionnel car cette décoration ne fut décernée que deux fois à des acteurs du cinéma, John Wayne et Francis Albert Sinatra, dit Frank Sinatra, le 14 mai 1997.

John Wayne the legend

John Wayne the legend

 

Vous pouvez lire aussi   / You can real also :  Angie Dickinson (Rio Bravo)

CARY GRANT : On PARAMOUNT CHANNEL


PARAMOUNT CHANNEL : CARY GRANT

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Wikipedia sources: 

Cary Grant (born Archibald Alexander Leach; January 18, 1904 – November 29, 1986) was an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and “dashing good looks”, Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood‘s definitive leading men.

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Notorious (1946), The Bishop’s Wife (1947), To Catch a Thief (1955), An Affair to Remember (1957), North by Northwest (1959), and Charade (1963).

Nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Actor (Penny Serenade and None But the Lonely Heart) and five times for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, Grant was continually passed over. In 1970, he was presented an Honorary Oscar at the 42nd Academy Awards by Frank Sinatra “for his unique mastery of the art of screen acting with the respect and affection of his colleagues

Early life and career

Archibald Alexander Leach was born at 15 Hughenden Road, HorfieldBristolEngland, to Elsie Maria (née Kingdon) Leach (1877–1973) and Elias James Leach (1873–1935). An only child, Leach had an unhappy upbringing, attending Bishop Road Primary School.

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CARY GRANT WITH AUDREY HEPBURN

His mother had suffered from clinical depression since the death of a previous child. Her husband placed her in a mental institution and told his 9-year-old son only that she had gone away on a “long holiday”. Believing she was dead, Leach did not learn otherwise until he was 31 and discovered her alive in a care facility.  When Leach was 10, his father abandoned him after remarrying and having a baby with his new young wife. 

Leach was expelled from the Fairfield Grammar School in Bristol in 1918. After joining the “Bob Pender Stage Troupe”, Leach performed as a stilt walker and traveled with the group to the United States in 1920 at the age of 16 on the RMS Olympic, on a two-year tour of the country. He was processed at Ellis Island on July 28, 1920.

When the troupe returned to the UK, he decided to stay in the U.S. and continue his stage career. During this time, he became a part of thevaudeville world and toured with Parker, Rand, and Leach.

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Still using his birth name, he performed on the stage at The Muny in St. Louis,Missouri, in such shows as Irene (1931), Music in May (1931), Nina Rosa (1931), Rio Rita (1931), Street Singer (1931), The Three Musketeers (1931), and Wonderful Night (1931). Leach’s experience on stage as a stilt walker, acrobat, juggler, and mime taught him “phenomenal physical grace and exquisite comic timing” and the value of teamwork, skills which would benefit him in Hollywood.

Leach became a naturalized United States citizen on June 26, 1942, at which time he also legally changed his name from “Archibald Alexander Leach” to “Cary Grant”.

After appearing in several musicals on Broadway under the name Archie Leach, Leach went to Hollywood in 1931.  When told to change his name, he proposed “Cary Lockwood”, the name of the character he had played in the Broadway show Nikki, based upon the recent film The Last Flight.

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He signed with Paramount Pictures, where studio bosses decided that the name “Cary” was acceptable but that “Lockwood” was too similar to another actor’s surname. Paramount gave their new actor a list of surnames to choose from, and he selected “Grant” because the initials C and G had already proved lucky for Clark Gable and Gary Cooper, two of Hollywood’s biggest film stars.

Grant appeared as a leading man opposite Marlene Dietrich in Blonde Venus (1932), and his stardom was given a further boost by Mae Westwhen she chose him for her leading man in two of her most successful films, She Done Him Wrong and I’m No Angel (both 1933).  

I’m No Angel was a tremendous financial success and, along with She Done Him Wrong, which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture, saved Paramount from bankruptcy. Paramount put Grant in a series of unsuccessful films until 1936, when he signed with Columbia Pictures. His first major comedy hit was when he was loaned to Hal Roach‘s studio for the 1937 Topper (which was distributed by MGM).

The Awful Truth (1937) was a pivotal film in Grant’s career, establishing for him a screen persona as a sophisticated light comedy leading man. As Grant later wrote, “I pretended to be somebody I wanted to be and I finally became that person. Or he became me. Or we met at some point.”  Grant is said to have based his characterization in The Awful Truth on the mannerisms and intonations of the film’s director, Leo McCarey, whom he resembled physically. As writer/director Peter Bogdanovich noted, “After The Awful Truth, when it came to light comedy, there was Cary Grant and then everyone else was an also-ran.”

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CARY GRANT and GRACE KELLY

The Awful Truth began what The Atlantic later called “the most spectacular run ever for an actor in American pictures”.   During the next four years, Grant appeared in several classic romantic comedies and screwball comedies, including Holiday (1938) and Bringing Up Baby (1938), both opposite Katharine HepburnThe Philadelphia Story (1940) with Hepburn and James StewartHis Girl Friday (1940) with Rosalind Russell; and My Favorite Wife (1940), which reunited him with Irene Dunne, his co-star in The Awful Truth. During this time, he also made the adventure films Gunga Din (1939) with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Only Angels Have Wings (1939) with Jean Arthur and Rita Hayworth and dramas Penny Serenade (1941), also with Dunne, and Suspicion (1941), the first of Grant’s four collaborations with Alfred Hitchcock.

Grant remained one of Hollywood’s top box-office attractions for almost 30 years.  Howard Hawks said that Grant was “so far the best that there isn’t anybody to be compared to him”.[15] David Thomson called him “the best and most important actor in the history of the cinema“.

Grant was a favorite of Hitchcock, who called him “the only actor I ever loved in my whole life”.  

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Besides Suspicion, Grant appeared in the Hitchcock classics Notorious (1946), To Catch a Thief(1955), and North by Northwest (1959). Biographer Patrick McGilligan wrote that in 1965 Hitchcock asked Grant to star in Torn Curtain (1966) only to learn that Grant had decided to retire after making one more film, Walk, Don’t Run (1966); 

Paul Newman was cast instead, oppositeJulie Andrews.   Producers Broccoli and Saltzman originally sought Cary Grant for the role of James Bond in Dr. No but discarded the idea as Grant would be committed to only one feature film and the producers decided to go after someone who could be part of a franchise.

In the mid-1950s, Grant formed his own production company, Granart Productions, and produced a number of films distributed by Universal, such as Operation Petticoat (1959), Indiscreet (1958),That Touch of Mink (co-starring with Doris Day, 1962), and Father Goose (1964). In 1963, he appeared opposite Audrey Hepburn in Charade. His last feature film was Walk, Don’t Run three years later, with Samantha Eggar and Jim Hutton.

Grant was the first actor to “go independent” by not renewing his studio contract, effectively leaving the studio system,  which almost completely controlled what an actor could or could not do. In this way, Grant was able to control every aspect of his career, at the risk of not working because no particular studio had an interest in his career long term.

He decided which films he was going to appear in, often had personal choice of directors and co-stars, and at times even negotiated a share of the gross revenue, something uncommon at the time. Grant received more than $700,000 for his 10% of the gross for To Catch a Thief while Hitchcock received less than $50,000 for directing and producing it.

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Grant was nominated for two Academy Awards, for Penny Serenade (1941) and None But the Lonely Heart (1944), but never won a competitive Oscar; he received a special Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1970. Accepting the Best Original Screenplay Oscar in 1965, Father Goose co-writer Peter Stone had quipped, “My thanks to Cary Grant, who keeps winning these things for other people.” In 1981, Grant was accorded the Kennedy Center Honors.

Grant poked fun at himself with statements such as “Everyone wants to be Cary Grant—even I want to be Cary Grant”, and in ad-lib lines—such as in the film His Girl Friday, saying, “I never had so much fun since Archie Leach died”. In Arsenic and Old Lace (1944), a gravestone is seen bearing the name Archie Leach. According to a famous story now believed to be apocryphal, after seeing a telegram from a magazine editor to his agent asking “How old Cary Grant?” Grant reportedly responded with “Old Cary Grant fine. How you?

Cary Grant retired from the screen at 62 when his daughter Jennifer was born, in order to focus on bringing her up and to provide a sense of permanency and stability in her life.

While bringing up his daughter, he archived artifacts of her childhood and adolescence in a bank-quality room-sized vault he had installed in the house.

His daughter attributed this meticulous collection to the fact that artifacts of his own childhood had been destroyed during the Luftwaffe’s bombing of Bristol in the Second World War (an event that also claimed the lives of his uncle, aunt, and cousin as well as the cousin’s husband and grandson), and he may have wanted to prevent her from experiencing a similar loss.

Although Grant had retired from the screen, he remained active.

CARY GRANT - MARTIN LANDAU

CARY GRANT – MARTIN LANDAU

In the late 1960s, he accepted a position on the board of directors at Fabergé. By all accounts this position was not honorary, as some had assumed; Grant regularly attended meetings and his mere appearance at a product launch would almost certainly guarantee its success. The position also permitted use of a private plane, which Grant could use to fly to see his daughter wherever her mother, Dyan Cannon, was working.

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He later joined the boards of Hollywood Park, the Academy of Magical Arts (The Magic Castle, Hollywood, California), Western Airlines (now Delta Air Lines), andMGM.

He was a keen motoring enthusiast and, like many other Hollywood stars of the era, owned many notable cars. One of the first he owned was a 1929 Cadillac Cabriolet. His love of Cadillacs never waned and he later purchased a Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz. Other cars that he owned included an MG Magnette and a Sunbeam Alpine series one roadster.

In the last few years of his life, Grant undertook tours of the United States in a one-man show, A Conversation with Cary Grant, in which he would show clips from his films and answer audience questions. Grant was preparing for a performance at the Adler Theatre in DavenportIowa, on the afternoon of November 29, 1986, when he sustained a cerebral hemorrhage (he had previously suffered a stroke in October 1984). His wife did not know what was going on and she went to a local pharmacy to get aspirin. He died at 11:22 p.m.  in St. Luke’s Hospital at the age of 82.

The bulk of his estate, worth millions of dollars, went to his fifth wife, Barbara Harris, and his daughter, Jennifer Grant

In 2001, a statue of Grant was erected in Millennium Square, a regenerated area next to Bristol Harbour in his city of birth, Bristol.

In November 2005, Grant came in first in the “The 50 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time” list by Premiere magazine.  Richard Schickel, the film critic, said about Grant: “He’s the best star actor there ever was in the movies.

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CARY GRANT – ROGER MOORE

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1932 This Is the Night Stephen With Lili DamitaCharles Ruggles, and Thelma Todd
Sinners in the Sun Ridgeway With Carole Lombard and Chester Morris
Singapore Sue First Sailor Musical Comedy short subject
Merrily We Go to Hell Charlie Baxter UK title: Merrily We Go to _____With Sylvia Sidney and Fredric March
Devil and the Deep Lieutenant Jaeckel With Tallulah Bankhead and Gary Cooper
Blonde Venus Nick Townsend With Marlene Dietrich
Hot Saturday Romer Sheffield With Nancy Carroll and Edward Woods
Madame Butterfly Lieutenant B.F. Pinkerton With Sylvia Sidney and Charles Ruggles
1933 She Done Him Wrong Capt. Cummings With Mae West and Noah Beery, Sr.
The Woman Accused Jeffrey Baxter With Nancy Carroll
The Eagle and the Hawk Henry Crocker With Fredric March and Carole Lombard
Gambling Ship Ace Corbin With Jack La Rue and Glenda Farrell
I’m No Angel Jack Clayton With Mae West
Alice in Wonderland The Mock Turtle With W. C. Fields and Gary Cooper
1934 Thirty-Day Princess Porter Madison III With Sylvia Sidney and Edward Arnold
Born to Be Bad Malcolm Trevor With Loretta Young(Heavily censored by the Hayes Office)
Kiss and Make-Up Dr. Maurice Lamar With Helen Mack and the WAMPAS Baby Stars of 1934
Ladies Should Listen Julian De Lussac With Frances Drake and Edward Everett Horton
1935 Enter Madame Gerald Fitzgerald With top-billed Elissa Landi
Wings in the Dark Ken Gordon With top-billed Myrna Loy
The Last Outpost Michael Andrews With Claude Rains
Sylvia Scarlett Jimmy Monkley Directed by George CukorWith Katharine Hepburn
1936 Big Brown Eyes Det. Sgt. Danny Barr With Joan Bennett and Walter Pidgeon
Suzy Andre With Jean Harlow and Franchot Tone
The Amazing Quest of Ernest Bliss Ernest Bliss US title: Romance and RichesAlt title: The Amazing Adventure
Wedding Present Charlie With Joan Bennett
1937 When You’re in Love Jimmy Hudson UK title: For You AloneWith Grace Moore
Topper George Kerby With Constance Bennett
The Toast of New York Nicholas “Nick” Boyd With Edward Arnold and Jack Oakie
The Awful Truth Jerry Warriner Directed by Leo McCarey
With Irene Dunne and Ralph Bellamy
Introduced the “Cary Grant persona”
1938 Bringing up Baby Dr. David Huxley Directed by Howard Hawks
With Katharine Hepburn and Charles Ruggles
Holiday John “Johnny” Case Directed by George Cukor
With Katharine Hepburn
UK title: Free to Live
1939 Gunga Din Sgt. Archibald Cutter Directed by George Stevens
With Victor McLaglen and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
Only Angels Have Wings Geoff Carter Directed by Howard Hawks
With Jean ArthurThomas Mitchell and Rita Hayworth
In Name Only Alec Walker With Carole Lombard and Charles Coburn
1940 His Girl Friday Walter Burns Directed by Howard Hawks
Remake of The Front Page
With Rosalind Russell and Ralph Bellamy
My Favorite Wife Nick Co-written by Leo McCarey
Directed by Garson Kanin
With Irene Dunne and Gail Patrick
The Howards of Virginia Matt Howard UK title: The Tree of Liberty
With Martha Scott
The Philadelphia Story C.K. Dexter Haven With Katharine Hepburn and James Stewart
1941 Penny Serenade Roger Adams Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Directed by George Stevens
With Irene Dunne and Edgar Buchanan
Suspicion Johnnie Directed by Alfred Hitchcock
With Joan Fontaine
1942 The Talk of the Town Leopold Dilg aka Joseph With Ronald Colman and Jean Arthur
Once Upon a Honeymoon Patrick “Pat” O’Toole Directed by Leo McCarey
With Ginger Rogers
1943 Mr. Lucky Joe Adams/Joe Bascopolous With Laraine Day and Charles Bickford
Destination Tokyo Capt. Cassidy With John Garfield and Dane Clark
1944 Once Upon a Time Jerry Flynn With Janet Blair
Arsenic and Old Lace Mortimer Brewster With Priscilla Lane and Peter Lorre
None But the Lonely Heart Ernie Mott Nominated—Academy Award for Best ActorWritten and directed by Clifford Odets
With Ethel Barrymore
1946 Without Reservations Himself (cameo) With Claudette Colbert and John Wayne
Night and Day Cole Porter Directed by Michael Curtiz
Notorious T.R. Devlin Directed by Alfred Hitchcock
With Ingrid Bergman and Claude Rains
1947 The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Dick UK title: Bachelor KnightWith Myrna Loy and Shirley Temple
The Bishop’s Wife Dudley With Loretta Young and David Niven
1948 Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House Jim Blandings With Myrna Loy and Melvyn Douglas
Every Girl Should Be Married Dr. Madison W. Brown With Betsy Drake
1949 I Was a Male War Bride Capt. Henri Rochard UK title: You Can’t Sleep Here
With Ann Sheridan
1950 Crisis Dr. Eugene Norland Ferguson With Jose Ferrer
1951 People Will Talk Dr. Noah Praetorius With Jeanne Crain
1952 Room for One More George “Poppy” Rose With Betsy Drake
Monkey Business Dr. Barnaby Fulton Directed by Howard Hawks
With Ginger Rogers and Marilyn Monroe
1953 Dream Wife Clemson Reade With Deborah Kerr and Walter Pidgeon
1955 To Catch a Thief John Robie Directed by Alfred Hitchcock
With Grace Kelly
1957 The Pride and the Passion Anthony With Frank Sinatra and Sophia Loren
An Affair to Remember Nickie Ferrante A same-script remake of Love Affair (1939 film), both directed by Leo McCareyWith Deborah Kerr
Kiss Them for Me Cmdr. Andy Crewson Directed by Stanley Donen
With Jayne Mansfield and Suzy Parker
1958 Indiscreet Philip Adams Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by Stanley Donen
With Ingrid Bergman
Houseboat Tom Winters With Sophia Loren
1959 North by Northwest Roger O. Thornhill Directed by Alfred HitchcockWith Eva Marie SaintJames Mason and Martin Landau
Famous scene of Grant being chased by a biplane
Operation Petticoat Lt. Cmdr. Matt T. Sherman Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
With Dina Merrill and Arthur O’Connell
1960 The Grass Is Greener Victor Rhyall, Earl Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or ComedyDirected by Stanley Donen
With Deborah KerrRobert Mitchum and Jean Simmons
1962 That Touch of Mink Philip Shayne Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by Delbert Mann
With Doris Day and Gig Young
1963 Charade Peter Joshua / Alexander Dyle / Adam Canfield / Brian Cruikshank Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Directed by Stanley Donen
With Audrey HepburnWalter Matthau and James Coburn
1964 Father Goose Walter Christopher Eckland Directed by Ralph Nelson
With Leslie Caron and Trevor Howard
1966 Walk, Don’t Run Sir William Rutland With Samantha EggarRemake of The More the Merrier

 CARY GRANT : Here also another article

A lire aussi ( A french article)

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