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Le ciel de Pluton est bleu et il y a par endroit des plaques de glace d’eau à découvert, révèlent les dernières images transmises par la sonde New Horizons de la Nasa publiées jeudi .
“Qui aurait pu imaginer un ciel bleu dans la ceinture de Kuiper? c’est magnifique”, s’est extasié dans un communiqué Alan Stern, le principal responsable scientifique de la mission. Les particules rouges ou grises qui forment la brume entourant Pluton sont suffisamment petites pour diffuser la lumière bleue du soleil, de la même manière que dans le ciel terrestre.
Ces particules se forment quand l’azote et le méthane se séparent sous l’effet des rayons ultraviolets du soleil avant de se recombiner pour former des macromolécules complexes qui sont responsables de la couleur rouge dominante du sol de Pluton.
Le plus probable c’est que ces molécules se forment dans la haute atmosphère de Pluton et créent ce bleu brillant, supputent les scientifiques de la Nasa.
Quant aux plaques d’eau gelée, elles sont la plupart du temps recouvertes par d’autres formations glacées dont l’azote, qui est abondant. Mais les planétologues ne s’expliquent pas pourquoi la glace d’eau est à découvert à certains endroits seulement.
Les précédentes images envoyées par New Horizons ont révélé la diversité et la complexité des reliefs de cette planète.
On y voit ce qui semble être des dunes, des coulées de glace d’azote descendant de régions montagneuses vers des plaines et même un réseau de vallées, peut-être creusées par des matériaux coulant à la surface de la planète naine.
Il pourrait s’agir de gigantesques blocs de glace d’eau flottant dans un vaste dépôt plus dense d’azote gelé qui se trouve dans une plaine appelée le “Sputnik Planum”, avait expliqué la Nasa.
New Horizons est actuellement à plus de 12,5 millions de kilomètres de Pluton (et à environ cinq milliards de kilomètres de la Terre ) et s’enfonce dans la ceinture de Kuiper, une zone éloignée du système solaire s’étendant au-delà de l’orbite de Neptune.
Elle était passée au plus près de Pluton le 14 juillet dernier et devrait continuer à transmettre des images et autres données de Pluton et de ses lunes jusqu’à la fin 2016.
SOURCES : Paris Match
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Born in Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina, Gisel’s destiny with music began at the tender age of just 7 years, when she received her first toy piano. Shortly thereafter, she started taking piano lessons and by the age of 10, she made her first home recorded album and named it “BlueBay”.
Gisel’s love for the arts continued as she participated in school plays, musicals, and dance. Through all her interests, she had no idea how strong her love for singing would be until one evening when she went to a Karaoke bar with her friends. She was extremely shy and nervous that evening, as Gisel’s friends convinced her to get up on the stage and sing a song. After gathering enough nerve to sing “Hero” by Mariah Carey…almost instantly, the crowd went quiet…as if they were hypnotized by this unknown local singer! Soon, they all began to applaud and cheer Gisel’s performance and it was at that moment, she realized that singing was the thing she was destined to do…it was the connection with the people in the Karaoke bar that evening that made her realize it was the most important moment of her life. At that moment, Gisel realized the first and greatest love in her life – singing for people!
She continued performing in plays and musicals while studying hip-hop and Persian dance, and modeling on the runway for the international store, Falabella, and the clothes designer, Solido Inc. At 18, Gisel composed and recorded her first demo and was soon invited to sing on several local television stations.
As Gisel’s journey with singing continued, she traveled to Buenos Aires to work with Laura Miller, Pimpinela, and Patricia Sosa producers. She also recorded with producer Fabian Gallardo and received proposals from the manager of Karina Mazzocco, Horacio Cabak, and Manuel Wirtz.
In 2003, after winning “The Bachelorette”, the Warner Channel flew Gisel to Jamaica, where she performed at the “Grande Sport Villa Golf Resort & Spa by Beaches.”
Soon after, she entered and won a singing and songwriting competition sponsored by “With you in Hollywood”, a Warner Channel production. Winning the contest afforded her the opportunity to travel to Hollywood in 2004, where she performed in the “City of Angels.”
In August 2004, Gisel joined a local Rock & Roll band known as “The Spanglish Band” as the lead female vocal singer. They performed in well-known clubs, restaurants, and events, such as Mei, Taura, Moore, SOHO and Costello. Concurrently, Gisel performed at the Hard Rock Café in Buenos Aires, as well as various events and restaurants in her home town of Rosario and neighboring communities.
In 2008, she performed in a key political event that was attended by more than 5,000 VIP persons, including, Nobel Prize laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, to whom she had the honor of singing “Happy Birthday” a capella. A large number of Ex-Presidents, such as Jose Maria Aznar (Spain), Alberto Lacalle (Uruguay), Vicente Fox (Mexico), and several other national politicians and experts such as Mauricio Rojas (Member of the Sweden Parliament) and Pedro Schwatz (Spanish Economist), among others, were in attendance.
Gisel’s ambitions didn’t stop in Argentina. On March 22, 2007, she joined SellaBand.com and was soon recognized as their most ambitious and unsigned South American Artist. She was intrigued by the friendships and bonds the artists on SellaBand forged with the people who “believed” in the artists through their purchases of “parts”. The opportunity of creating something together with believers was the driving force in what ultimately became the fastest “Final Countdown” in SellaBand history! Over the course of just a few days, Gisel de Marco raised approximately $14,000 to become the 25th artist to raise $50,000 on SellaBand.com. An amazing achievement for anyone. Gisel’s hard work paid off as her friends, fans, and believers launched her into the next chapter of her life…a recording deal for her debut album, “All The Way”, which released World-wide on August 1, 2010.
SellaBand was important in so many ways to Gisel de Marco…the site gave her World-wide exposure and demonstrated that she is a hit in countries around the world. Gisel expressed her gratitude by writing a song and dedicating it to her believers…it’s called, “I found you”. Since the release of her debut album, “All The Way”, she has been selling and shipping Limited Edition copies to people in countries throughout the world.
Gisel de Marco is living in Switzerland.
Demis was a GREEK SINGER and performer who had international hit records as a solo performer in the 1970s after having been a member of Aphrodite’s Child , a progressive rock group that also included Vangelis. He has sold over 60 million albums worldwide.
Roussos was born and raised in Alexandira Egypt , in a family where his father George (engineer Yorgos Roussos) was Greek and mother Nelly MAZLOUM was Egyptian of Italian origin. His parents lost their possessions during the Suez Crisis and consequently decided to move to greece
After settling in Greece, Roussos participated in a series of musical groups beginning with The Idols when he was 17, where he met Evangelos Papathanassiou (later known as VANGELIS ) and Loukas Sideras, his future bandmates in of Aphrodite’s Child . After this he joined We Five (not the San Francisco, California folk-rock group), another cover band which had limited success in Greece.
Roussos came to a wider audience in 1967 when he joined progressive rock band of Aphrodite’s Child , with Vangelis and Sideras, initially as a singer but later also playing bass guitar, achieving commercial success in France and other parts of Europe from 1968 to 1972.
They set off for London to break into the international music scene but as a result of bad weather, the plane landed them in Paris – and they decided to stay there signing a record deal with Philips S.A. His operatic vocal style helped propel the band to international success, notably on their final album 666 , which became a progressive rock cult classic.
After Aphrodite’s Child disbanded, Roussos continued to record sporadically with former bandmate Vangelis
In 1970 the two released Sex Power (although the album has also been disputably credited to Aphrodite’s Child), also recording the 1977 album Magic together. Their most successful collaboration was “Race To The End” (also sung in Spanish as “Tu Libertad”), a vocal adaptation of the musical theme from the Oscar winning film Chariots of fire , while Roussos also guested on the soundtrack to Blade runner (1982), with a song entitled “Tales Of The Future”.
Roussos died early Sunday morning, January 25, 2015, while hospitalized at “Ygeia Hospital” in Athens, Greece. The news of his death where confirmed a day later by his friend and journalist Nikos Aliagas who tweeted, on January 25, 2015, in both Greek and French ]. The death of the famous artist has been confirmed later the same day by his daughter, who spoke in Greek and French media.
Roussos also began a solo career with the song “We Shall Dance” in 1971. Initially unsuccessful, he toured around Europe and became a leading artist. His solo career peaked in the mid 1970 with several hit albums. His single “Forever And Ever” topped the charts in several countries in 1973 (1976 in U.K.).
Other hits were “My Friend The Wind”, “My Reason”, “Velvet Mornings”, “Goodbye My Love, Goodbye”, “Someday Somewhere” and “Lovely Lady Of Arcadia”. His first UK single to chart was in 1975: “Happy To Be On An Island In The Sun” written by an Englishman David Lewis with the record reaching No. 5 in the charts.
His popularity in the rest of Europe, but not the UK, came to fascinate BBC-TV producer John King who made a documentary which he called ‘The Roussos Phenomenon’ in 1976. The programme was aired and Roussos’ scored a number one chart selling E.P. record of the same title and with three back catalogue albums entering the charts.
Roussos was mentioned in the television play Abigail’s Party (1977) and made one of his earliest appearances on English-speaking TV on the Basil Brush Show. Before appearing on the Basil Brush Show, he had appeared on the Nana Mouskouri TV show in the UK, singing a duet version of his hit single “Happy To Be On An Island In The Sun”.
In 1980, Roussos had a hit with a cover of Air Supply’s “Lost In Love”, sung as a duet with Florence Warner. His UK career was now being managed by ex-Phonogram promotion man, Don Percival.
He re-recorded his songs in a number of languages, including Japanese, whereas The Roussos Phenomenon EP was the first No.1 hit for an African-born artist in the history of the UK Singles Chart. He was equally successful across Europe and Latin America, although a gold disc for the LP Demis remains his only success in the United States.
For years Roussos struggled with his weight. In June 1980 he weighed 147 kg. He then began a diet in which he lost 50 kg in 10 months.
In 1982 he co-authored the book A Question Of Weight with his close friend Veronique Skawinska, in which he dealt candidly with his struggles with obesity. Roussos suffered a fallow period during the 1980s in terms of hits and his output dried up as he battled clinical depression.
In June 1985, he was amongst the hostages during the hijacking of TWA Flight 847.
In 1989, he recorded the song “Young Love”, a duet with German singer/songwriter Drafi Deutscher, which was released as a single in Germany and reached No.2 in the famous German music TV show ZDF Hitparade in October of the same year.
The 1990s saw even more substantial releases by Roussos. In 1993 he released Insight (also called Morning Has Broken) to general acclaim. After that he teamed up with BR Music in the Netherlands to produce Immortel, Serenade and In Holland, utilising a variety of ethnic and electronic styles..
Roussos continued to record and tour. The spring of 2002 saw him do a tour of England, whilst in recent years he has appeared in Russia and the United Arab Emirates. A committed follower of the Greek Orthodox faith, he has sung as a guest in a number of churches in Greece and worldwide.
In 2006, he released the acclaimed Live In Brasil, which documents his return to a country where his popularity led him to record “Você Você E Nada Mais” – a huge hit in Portuguese.
From 2006 to 2008, he was part of the Âge Tendre Et Têtes De Bois tour, a series of concerts featuring French singers from the sixties and seventies.
A comeback took place in 2009, with Roussos recording a new studio album produced by Marc di Domenico, released on May 11.