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American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack. Suzanne Somers and Joe Spano also appear in the film.
Set in Modesto, California in 1962, the film is a study of the cruising and rock and roll cultures popular among the post–World War II baby boom generation. The film is told in a series of vignettes, telling the story of a group of teenagers and their adventures over a single night.
The genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas‘ own teenage years in early 1960s Modesto. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and distributors but found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros., and Paramount Pictures turned him down. Filming was initially set to take place in San Rafael, California, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day.
American Graffiti premiered on August 2, 1973 at the Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland and was released on August 11, 1973 in the United States. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $777,000 budget, it has become one of the most profitable films of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $200 million in box office gross and home video sales, not including merchandising. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.
In early September 1962 in Modesto, California, on the last evening of summer vacation, recent high school graduates and longtime friends, Curt Henderson and Steve Bolander, meet John Milner, the drag-racing king of the town, and Terry “The Toad” Fields in the parking lot of the local Mel’s Drive-In diner. Curt and Steve are scheduled to travel the next morning to Northeastern United States to start college. Despite receiving a $2,000 scholarship from the local Moose Lodge, Curt has second thoughts about leaving Modesto. Steve gives Toad his 1958 Chevrolet Impala to watch while he’s away at college until he returns at Christmas. Steve’s girlfriend, Laurie, who is also Curt’s sister, arrives in her car. Steve suggests to Laurie, who is already glum about him going to college, that they see other people while he is away in order to “strengthen” their relationship. Though not openly upset, she is displeased with his proposal which affects their interactions the rest of the evening.
Curt accompanies Steve, last year’s high school student class president, and Laurie, the current head cheerleader, to the back-to-high-school sock hop. In one story line, Curt is desperate to find a beautiful blonde girl driving a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird that he sees en route to the dance: at a stoplight, she appears to say “I love you” before disappearing around the corner. After leaving the hop, Curt is coerced by a group of greasers (“The Pharaohs”) to participate in an initiation rite that involves hooking a chain to a police car and ripping out its back axle. The Pharaohs tell Curt that “The Blonde” is a trophy wife or prostitute, but he refuses to believe either.
Determined to get a message to the blonde girl, Curt drives to the local radio station to ask DJ Wolfman Jack, who is omnipresent on the car radios, to announce a message for the blonde girl. Inside the radio station, Curt encounters a bearded man who tells him that the voice of The Wolfman is pre-taped from afar.
The man still accepts the message from Curt to see what he could do. As he is leaving the station, Curt sees the man talking into the microphone and hears the voice of The Wolfman, and realizes the man is the actual DJ himself.
Sure enough, The Wolfman eventually reads the message on the radio for “The Blonde” to meet Curt or call him at a number which happens to be a telephone booth. Curt waits by the telephone booth and early the next morning, he is awakened by the phone ringing. It turns out to be “The Blonde” who says she knows him and maybe she would see him cruising the coming night. Curt replies probably not, intimating that he decided to go to college and will be leaving that morning.
The Toad, in Steve’s car, and John, in his yellow 1932 Ford Deuce Coupé hot rod, cruise the strip of Modesto. Toad, who is normally socially inept with girls, successfully picks up a flirtatious, and somewhat rebellious, girl named Debbie. John inadvertently picks up Carol, an annoying 12-year-old who seems fond of him. Another drag racer, the handsome and arrogant Bob Falfa, is searching out John in order to challenge him to a race.
Steve and Laurie have a series of arguments and make-ups through the evening. They finally split and, as the story lines intertwine, Bob Falfa picks up Laurie in his black 1955 Chevrolet One-Fifty Coupé. Bob finally finds John and goads him into racing. A parade of cars follow them to “Paradise Road” to watch the race. Laurie rides shotgun with Bob as Toad starts the race. As Bob begins taking a lead in the race, he loses control of the car when a front tire blows, and the car plunges into a ditch and rolls over. Steve and John leap out of their cars and rush to the wreck as a dazed Bob and Laurie stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips Steve tightly and begs him not to leave her. He assures her that he will stay in Modesto.
At the airfield in the morning, Curt says goodbye to his parents, his sister Laurie, Steve, John and The Toad. As the plane takes off, Curt, gazing out of the window, sees the white Ford Thunderbird belonging to the mysterious blonde driving down a country road.
An on-screen epilogue reveals that
John is killed by a drunk driver in December 1964,
Toad is reported missing in action near An Lộc in December 1965,
Steve is an insurance agent in Modesto, California,
Curt is a writer living in Canada.
Richard Dreyfuss as Curt Henderson
Ron Howard as Steve Bolander
Paul Le Mat as John Milner
Charles Martin Smith as Terry “The Toad” Fields
Cindy Williams as Laurie Henderson
Candy Clark as Debbie Dunham
Mackenzie Phillips as Carol Morrison
Wolfman Jack as himself
Bo Hopkins as Joe Young
Manuel Padilla, Jr. as Carlos
Harrison Ford as Bob Falfa
Lynne Marie Stewart as Bobbie Tucker
Terry McGovern as Mr. Wolfe
Kathleen Quinlan as Peg
Scott Beach as Mr. Gordon
Susan Richardson as Judy
Kay Lenz as Jane
Debralee Scott as Falfa’s Girl
Suzanne Somers as “The Blonde” in T-Bird
Sources : Wikipedia / YouTube/Pinterest/Google/Tumblr/various
A play house, homemade
Comment construire une maisonnette pour enfant (et/ ou pour chiens/chats)
How to built a playhouse for kids ( and/or for cats/dogs)
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Jerry Lewis (born Joseph Levitch; March 16, 1926) is an American actor, comedian, singer, film producer, film director, screenwriter and humanitarian. He is known for his slapstick humor in film, television, stage and radio.
He and Dean Martin were partners as the hit popular comedy duo of Martin and Lewis. Following that success, he was a solo star in film, nightclubs, television, concerts and musicals. Lewis served as national chairman of the Muscular Dystrophy Association and hosted the live Labor Day broadcast of the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon for 44 years.
Lewis has received several awards for lifetime achievements from the American Comedy Awards, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, Venice Film Festival, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and been honored with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Lewis was born on March 16, 1926 in Newark, New Jersey to Russian Jewish parents His father, Daniel Levitch (1902–80), was a master of ceremonies and vaudeville entertainerwho used the professional name Danny Lewis.
His mother, Rachel (“Rae”) Levitch (née Brodsky),was a piano player for a radio station. Lewis started performing at age five and would often perform alongside his parents in the Catskill Mountains in New York State.
By 15, he had developed his “Record Act” in which he exaggeratedly mimed the lyrics to songs on a phonograph.
He used the professional name Joey Lewis but soon changed it to Jerry Lewis to avoid confusion with comedian Joe E. Lewis and heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis. Lewis then dropped out of Irvington High School in the tenth grade. He was a “character” even in his teenage years pulling pranks in his neighborhood including sneaking into kitchens to steal fried chicken and pies. During World War II, he was rejected for military service because of a heart murmur.
Lewis initially gained attention as part of a double act with singer Dean Martin, who served as straight man to Lewis’ zany antics in the Martin and Lewis comedy team. The performers were different from most other comedy acts of the time because they relied on their interaction instead of planned skits. They quickly rose to national prominence, first with their popular nightclub act, next as stars of their own radio program.
The two men made many appearances on early live television, their first on the June 20, 1948, debut broadcast of Toast of the Town on CBS (later as The Ed Sullivan Show). This was followed on October 3, 1948, by an appearance on the NBC series Welcome Aboard, then a stint as the first of a series of hosts of The Colgate Comedy Hour in 1950.
The duo began their Paramount film careers as ensemble players in My Friend Irma (1949), based on the popular radio series of the same name. This was followed by a sequel My Friend Irma Goes West (1950).
Starting with At War with the Army (1950), Martin and Lewis were the stars of their own vehicles in fourteen additional titles, That’s My Boy (1951), Sailor Beware (1952), Jumping Jacks (1952), (plus appearing in the Crosby and Hope film, Road to Bali (1952) as cameos) The Stooge (1952), Scared Stiff (1953), The Caddy (1953), Money from Home (1953), Living It Up (1954), 3 Ring Circus (1954), You’re Never Too Young (1955), Artists and Models (1955) and Pardners (1956) at Paramount, ending with Hollywood or Bust (1956).
All sixteen movies were produced by Hal B. Wallis. Attesting the comedy team’s popularity, DC Comics published the best-selling The Adventures of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comics from 1952 to 1957. As Martin’s roles in their films became less important over time the partnership came under strain. Martin’s participation became an embarrassment in 1954 when Look magazine used a publicity photo of the team for the magazine cover but cropped Martin out of the photo.The partnership ended on July 24, 1956.
While both Martin and Lewis went on to successful solo careers, neither would comment on the split nor consider a reunion. They did however make occasional public appearances together up until 1961, but were not seen together again until a surprise television appearance by Martin on a Muscular Dystrophy Telethon in 1976, arranged by Frank Sinatra.
The pair eventually reconciled in the late 1980s after the death of Martin’s son, Dean Paul Martin, in 1987.
The two men were seen together on stage for the last time when Martin was making what would be his final live performance at Bally’s Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. Lewis pushed out a birthday cake for Martin’s 72nd birthday in 1989 and sang “Happy Birthday” to him, and joking, “why we broke up, I’ll never know.”
After the split from Martin, Lewis remained at Paramount and became a comedy star in his own right with his first film as a solo comic, The Delicate Delinquent (1957). Meanwhile, DC Comics published a new comic book series The Adventures of Jerry Lewis from 1957 to 1971. Teaming with director Frank Tashlin, whose background as a Warner Bros. Looney Tunes cartoon director suited Lewis’s brand of humor, he starred in five more films, The Sad Sack (1957), Rock-A-Bye Baby (1958), The Geisha Boy (1958), Don’t Give Up The Ship (1959) and even appeared uncredited as Itchy McRabbitt in Li’l Abner (1959).
Lewis tried his hand at releasing music during the 1950s, having a chart hit with the song “Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody” (a song largely associated with Al Jolson and later re-popularized by Judy Garland) as well as the song, “It All Depends on You” in 1958. He eventually released his own album titled, Jerry Lewis Just Sings.
By the end of his contract with producer Hal B. Wallis, Lewis had several productions of his own under his belt. In 1959, a contract between Paramount Pictures and Jerry Lewis Productions was signed specifying a payment of $10 million plus 60% of the profits for 14 films over a seven-year period.
In 1960, Lewis finished his contract with Wallis with Visit to a Small Planet (1960), and wrapped up work on his own production, Cinderfella, which was postponed for a Christmas 1960 release, and Paramount, needing a quickie feature film for its summer 1960 schedule, held Lewis to his contract to produce one. Lewis came up with The Bellboy (1960). Using the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami as his setting—and on a small budget, with a very tight shooting schedule, and no script—Lewis shot the film by day and performed at the hotel in the evenings. Bill Richmond collaborated with him on the many sight gags. Lewis later revealed that Paramount was not happy financing a ‘silent movie’ and withdrew backing. Lewis used his own funds to cover the $950,000 budget.
During production Lewis developed the technique of using video cameras and multiple closed circuit monitors, which allowed him to review his performance instantly.
His techniques and methods, documented in his book and his USC class, enabled him to complete most of his films on time and under budget.
Lewis followed The Bellboy by directing several more films that he co-wrote with Richmond while some were directed by Tashlin, including The Ladies Man (1961), The Errand Boy (1961), It’s Only Money (1962) and The Nutty Professor (1963). Lewis did a cameo in It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963).
Further Lewis films were Who’s Minding the Store? (1963), The Patsy (1964) and The Disorderly Orderly (1964).
Lewis directed and co-wrote The Family Jewels (1965) about a young heiress who must choose among six uncles, one of whom is up to no good and out to harm the girl’s beloved bodyguard who practically raised her. Lewis played all six uncles and the bodyguard. On television, Lewis hosted two different programs called The Jerry Lewis Show. The first was a two-hour Saturday night variety show on ABC in the fall of 1963. The lavish, big-budget production failed to find an audience and was canceled after 13 weeks. His second program was a one-hour variety show on NBC from 1967 to 1969.
By 1966, Lewis, then 40, was no longer an angular juvenile, his routines seemed more labored and his box office appeal waned to the point where Paramount Pictures new executives felt no further need for the Lewis comedies and did not wish to renew his 1959 profit sharing contract. Undaunted, Lewis packed up and went to Columbia Pictures, where he made Three On A Couch (1966), then appeared in Way…Way Out (1966) for 20th Century Fox followed by The Big Mouth (1967), Don’t Raise the Bridge, Lower the River (1968) and Hook, Line & Sinker (1969).
Lewis taught a film directing class at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles for a number of years; his students included Steven Spielberg and George Lucas.]
In 1968, he screened Spielberg’s early film, Amblin’ and told his students, “That’s what filmmaking is all about.”
Lewis directed and made his first offscreen voice performance as a bandleader in One More Time (1970), which starred Sammy Davis Jr. (a friend of Lewis). He then produced, directed and starred in Which Way to the Front? (1970).
He would then make and star in the unreleased The Day the Clown Cried (1972), a drama set in a Nazi concentration camp.
Lewis rarely discusses the film, but once suggested that litigation over post-production finances prevented the film’s completion and release. However, he admitted during his book tour for Dean and Me that a major factor for the film’s burial is that he is not proud of the effort. In 1976, Lewis appeared in a revival of Hellzapoppin’ with Lynn Redgrave, but it closed on the road before reaching Broadway.
After an absence of 11 years, Lewis returned to film in Hardly Working (1981), a movie in which he both directed and starred.
Despite being panned by critics, the movie eventually earned $50 million. Lewis next appeared in Martin Scorsese‘s film The King of Comedy (1983), in which he portrayed a late-night television host plagued by two obsessive fans, played by Robert De Niro and Sandra Bernhard. Lewis also appeared in Cracking Up (1983) and Slapstick (Of Another Kind) (1984).
In France, Lewis starred in both To Catch a Cop a.k.a. “The Defective Detective” (1984) and How Did You Get In?, We Didn’t See You Leave (1984). Lewis has stated that as long as he has control over distribution of those movies, they will never have an American release. Meanwhile, a syndicated talk show Lewis hosted for Metromedia in 1984 was not continued beyond the scheduled five shows. Lewis starred in the ABC televised drama movie Fight For Life (1987) with Patty Duke, then appeared in Cookie (1989).
Lewis had a cameo in Mr. Saturday Night (1992) while guest appearing in an episode of Mad About You as an eccentric billionaire. Lewis made his Broadway debut, as a replacement cast member playing the devil in a revival of Damn Yankees, choreographed by future movie director Rob Marshall (Chicago) while also starring in the film Arizona Dream (1994), as a car salesman uncle. Lewis then starred as a father of a young comic in Funny Bones (1995).
In March 2006, the French Minister of Culture awarded Lewis the Légion d’honneur, calling him the “French people’s favorite clown” Lewis has remained popular in the country, evidenced by consistent praise by French critics in the influential magazine Cahiers du Cinéma for his absurd comedy, in part because he had gained respect as an auteur who had total control over all aspects of his films, comparable to Howard Hawks and Alfred Hitchcock.
Liking Lewis has long been a common stereotype about the French in the minds of many English-speakers, and is often the object of jokes in English-speaking world pop culture.
“That Americans can’t see Jerry Lewis’s genius is bewildering,” says N. T. Binh, a French film magazine critic. Such bewilderment was the basis of the book Why the French Love Jerry Lewis, by Rae Beth Gordon
In 2012, Lewis directed a musical theatre version of The Nutty Professor (with score by Marvin Hamlisch) at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center in Nashville from July 31 to August 19 over the summer. Lewis appeared in the Brazilian film Till Luck Do Us Part 2 (2013), then next in a small role in the crime drama The Trust (2016). Lewis made a comeback in a lead role in Max Rose (2016).
In an October 6, 2016 interview with Inside Edition, Lewis acknowledged that he may not star in any more films given his advanced age, while admitting, through tears, that he was afraid of dying as it would leave his wife and daughter alone.] In December of that year, he expressed interest in making another film.
Lewis has been married twice:
- Patti Palmer (née Esther Grace Calonico), a former singer with Ted Fio Ritomarried October 3, 1944, divorced September 1980[
- SanDee Pitnick; married February 13, 1983; a 32-year-old Las Vegas dancer; married in Key Biscayne, Florida
He has six sons (one adopted) and one daughter (adopted):
With Patti Palmer
- Gary Lewis(born July 31, 1945); known for his 1960s pop group Gary Lewis & the Playboys
- Ronald Steven “Ronnie” Lewis (born December 1949 [adopted])
- Scott Anthony Lewis (born February 22, 1956)
- Christopher Lewis (born October 1957)
- Anthony Lewis (born October 1959)
- Joseph Lewis (born January 1964, died October 24, 2009 [from a narcoticsoverdose])
With SanDee Pitnick
- Danielle Sara Lewis (adopted March 1992)
Lewis has suffered from a number of illnesses and addictions related both to aging and a back injury sustained in a comedic pratfall from a piano while performing at the Sands Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip on March 20, 1965.
The accident almost left him paralyzed. In its aftermath, Lewis became addicted to the painkiller Percodan for thirteen years
He says he has been off the drug since 1978.] In April 2002, Lewis had a Medtronic “Synergy” neurostimulator implanted in his back which has helped reduce the discomfort. He is now one of the company’s leading spokesmen.
In the 2011 documentary Method to the Madness of Jerry Lewis, Lewis said he suffered his first heart attack while filming Cinderfella in 1960.
In December 1982, Lewis suffered another heart attack. En route to San Diego from New York City on a cross-country commercial airline flight on June 11, 2006, he sustained a minor heart attack .
It was discovered that he had pneumonia as well as a severely damaged heart. He underwent a cardiac catheterization and two stents were inserted into one of his coronary arteries, which was 90% blocked. The surgery resulted in increased blood flow to his heart and has allowed him to continue his rebound from earlier lung problems. Having the cardiac catheterization meant canceling several major events from his schedule, but Lewis fully recuperated in a matter of weeks.
In 1999, Lewis’ Australian tour was cut short when he had to be hospitalized in Darwin with viral meningitis. He was ill for more than five months. It was reported in the Australian press that he had failed to pay his medical bills. However, Lewis maintained that the payment confusion was the fault of his health insurer. The resulting negative publicity caused him to sue his insurer for US$100 million
Lewis has had prostate cancer, diabetes, pulmonary fibrosis and a decades-long history of heart disease. Prednisone treatment in the late 1990s for pulmonary fibrosis resulted in weight gain and a noticeable change in his appearance.
In September 2001, Lewis was unable to perform at a planned London charity event at the London Palladium.
He was the headlining act, and he was introduced, but did not appear. He had suddenly become unwell, apparently with heart problems. He was subsequently taken to the hospital. Some months thereafter, Lewis began an arduous, months-long therapy that weaned him off prednisone and enabled him to return to work. On June 12, 2012, he was treated and released from a hospital after collapsing from hypoglycemia at a New York Friars’ Club event. This latest health issue forced him to cancel a show in Sydney.
Muscular dystrophy activism
Throughout his entire life and prolific career, Lewis was a world renowned humanitarian who has supported fundraising for research into muscular dystrophy. Until 2011, he served as national chairman of and spokesman for the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) (formerly, the Muscular Dystrophy Associations of America).
Lewis began hosting telethons to benefit the company from 1952 to 1959, then every Labor Day weekend from 1966 to 2010, he hosted the live annual Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon. Over nearly half a century, he raised over $2.6 billion in donations for the cause.
On August 3, 2011, it was announced that Lewis would no longer host the MDA telethons and is no longer associated with the Muscular Dystrophy Association
On May 1, 2015, it was announced that in view of “the new realities of television viewing and philanthropic giving”, the telethon was being discontinued.
] In early 2016, Lewis made an online video statement for the organization on its website, in honor of its rebranding, marking his first appearance in support of the Muscular Dystrophy Association since his final Labor Day Telethon in 2010 and the ending of his tenure as national chairman in 2011.
In 1969, Lewis agreed to lend his name to “Jerry Lewis Cinemas”, offered by National Cinema Corporation as a franchise business opportunity for those interested in theatrical movie exhibition. Jerry Lewis Cinemas stated that their theaters could be operated by a staff of as few as two with the aid of automation and support provided by the franchiser in booking films and in other aspects of film exhibition.
A forerunner of the smaller rooms typical of later multi-screen complexes, a Jerry Lewis Cinema was billed in franchising ads as a “mini-theatre” with a seating capacity of between 200 and 350. In addition to Lewis’s name, each Jerry Lewis Cinema bore a sign with a cartoon logo of Lewis in profile.
Initially 158 territories were franchised, with a buy-in fee of $10,000 or $15,000 depending on the territory, for what was called an “individual exhibitor”. For $50,000, the Jerry Lewis Cinemas offered an opportunity known as an “area directorship”, in which investors controlled franchising opportunities in a territory as well as their own cinemas.
The success of the chain was hampered by a policy of only booking second-run, family-friendly films. Eventually the policy was changed, and the Jerry Lewis Cinemas were allowed to show more competitive films, but after a decade the chain failed. Both Lewis and National Cinema Corp. declared bankruptcy in 1980.
In 2010, Lewis met with 7-year-old Lochie Graham who shared his idea for “Jerry’s House”, a place for vulnerable and traumatized children. The Australian charity hope2Day is raising funds to build the facility in Melbourne, Australia.
SOURCES : WIKIPEDIA
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Once upon a time
Once Upon a Time is an American fairy tale dramatic series that premiered on October 23, 2011, on ABC. The show takes place in the fictional seaside town of Storybrooke, Maine, whose residents are characters from various fairy tales transported to the “real world” town and robbed of their real memories by a powerful curse.
Episodes typically feature a primary storyline in Storybrooke, as well as a secondary storyline from another point in a character’s life before the curse was enacted.
It borrows elements and characters from Disney films, including Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Sleeping Beauty, 101 Dalmatians, The Sword in the Stone, Robin Hood, The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Hercules, Mulan, Tangled, Brave, Oz the Great and Powerful, and Frozen.
Once Upon a Time was created by Lost and Tron: Legacy writers Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz. The series was renewed for a fifth season in May 2015. A spin-off series, Once Upon a Time in Wonderland, consisting of 13 episodes, premiered on October 10, 2013, and concluded on April 3, 2014.
The series takes place in the fictional seaside town of Storybrooke, Maine, in which the residents are actually characters from various fairy tales and other stories that were transported to the “real world” town and robbed of their original memories by the Evil Queen Regina (Lana Parrilla), using a powerful curse obtained from Rumplestiltskin (Robert Carlyle).
The residents of Storybrooke, where Regina is mayor, have lived an unchanging existence for 28 years, unaware of their own lack of aging.
The town’s only hope lies with a bounty hunter named Emma Swan (Jennifer Morrison), the daughter of Snow White (Ginnifer Goodwin) and Prince Charming (Josh Dallas), who was transported from the Enchanted Forest to our world as an infant before she could be cursed.
As such, she is the only person who can break the curse and restore the characters’ lost memories. She is aided by her son, Henry (Jared S. Gilmore), with whom she has recently reunited after giving him up for adoption upon his birth, and his Once Upon a Time book of fairy tales that holds the key to breaking the curse.
Henry is also the adopted son of Regina, providing a source of both conflict and common interest between the two women.
Episodes usually have one segment that details the characters’ past lives that, when serialized, adds a piece to the puzzle about the characters and their connection to the events that preceded the curse and its consequences.
The other, set in the present day, follows a similar pattern with a different outcome but also offers similar insights.
ARTICLE IN FRENCH
Once Upon a Time ou Il était une fois au Québec est une série télévisée fantastique américaine créée par Edward Kitsis et Adam Horowitz, basée sur tous les contes de fées. Elle est diffusée depuis le 23 octobre 2011 sur le réseau ABC1 aux États-Unis sur le réseau CTV2 au Canada.
En Belgique, la série est diffusée depuis le 6 août 2012 sur BeTV3 ainsi que depuis le 29 juin 2013 sur RTL-TVI4
En France, depuis le 1er décembre 2012 sur M65 puis à partir du 19 août 2014 sur 6ter6,
En Suisse, depuis le 31 octobre 2013 sur RTS Deux7
Au Québec, depuis le 6 janvier 2014 sur AddikTV8 puis à partir du 1er avril 2015 sur le réseau TVA.
Le jour du mariage de Blanche-Neige et du Prince Charmant, la méchante Reine fait irruption et lance une malédiction.
Tout le monde est inquiet et les jeunes mariés craignent pour leur enfant à venir. Ils décident de consulter Rumplestiltskin / le Ténébreux, un étrange et dangereux personnage.
Ce dernier les informe que l’enfant qu’ils attendent viendra les sauver lors de son 28e anniversaire.
La petite Emma naît et la malédiction se rapproche. Le prince réussit à envoyer sa fille dans un endroit sûr.
Cependant, la Reine arrive et tous sont envoyés dans un monde sans magie, où ils ne se souviennent pas de leur véritable identité.
À Boston, Emma Swan vit une existence solitaire.
Le jour de son 28e anniversaire, Henry, le petit garçon qu’elle a abandonné 10 ans auparavant, lui rend visite.
Elle ne souhaite pas reprendre contact avec son fils, mais accepte de le ramener chez lui. Sur le chemin, Henry lui montre un livre de contes de fées et explique à Emma que toutes les histoires sont réelles et que les personnages qui y figurent habitent en réalité à Storybrooke dans le Maine, la ville où il vit.
Il ajoute aussi qu’elle est la seule à pouvoir vaincre la malédiction qui règne sur la ville, car elle est la fille de Blanche-Neige et du Prince Charmant. Emma découvre qu’Henry a été adopté par Regina Mills, le maire de la ville qui, d’après Henry, est la méchante Reine.
Emma est sceptique, mais décide finalement de rester quelque temps pour s’assurer que son fils va bien. L’horloge de la ville se remet alors en marche, ainsi que le temps jusqu’alors arrêté.
Jennifer Morrison : Emma Swan
Lana Parrilla : Regina Mills / la Méchante Reine
Ginnifer Goodwin : Mary Margaret Blanchard / Blanche-Neige
Josh Dallas : David Nolan / le Prince Charmant
Jared S. Gilmore : Henry Mills
Robert Carlyle : M. Gold / Rumplestiltskin / La Bête / Le Ténébreux / Le Crocodile
Émilie de Ravin : Belle French / Lacey French (invitée saison 1, principale depuis la saison 2)
Colin O’Donoghue : Killian Jones / Capitaine Crochet (principal depuis la saison 2)
Sean Maguire : Robin des Bois (récurrent saisons 3 et 4, principal saison 5)
Rebecca Mader : Zelena, la Méchante Sorcière de l’Ouest (récurrente saisons 3 et 4, principale saison 5)
ALSO ON OUR WEBSITE / AUSSI SUR NOTRE SITE: LANA PARILLA
Lana Parrilla, the evil queen of “once upon a time”
Lana Parrilla (born July 15, 1977) is an American actress.
Parrilla is best known for her roles on television and radio.
IN ENGLISH (EN FRANCAIS PLUS BAS / IN FRENCH BELOW )
She was a regular cast member in the fifth season of the ABC sitcom Spin City from 2000 to 2001.
She ( later )guest-starred in Boomtown (2002-2003), Windfall (2006), Swingtown (2008) and as Doctor Eva Zambrano in the short-lived medical drama Miami Medical (2010). She also played the role of Sarah Gavin on the season four of Fox series 24 in 2005. In 2011, Parrilla began starring as The Evil Queen/Regina Mills in the ABC fantasy drama series, Once Upon a Time.
Parrilla was born in Brooklyn. Her father, Sam Parrilla (1943–94), was a Puerto Rican-born baseball player who played professionally for 11 seasons (1963–73), including one season with the Major League Philadelphia Phillies in 1970 as an outfielder.
Her mother is an American painter of Sicilian descent who works in banking. Parrilla has one older sister, Deena, and a nephew named Sammy.
She is also the niece of character actress Candice Azzara. Parrilla’s parents legally divorced when she was four years old. She spent her first ten years living with her mother, and then lived with her father. During the time she lived with her father, he was too protective to allow her to attend a performing arts school, which delayed her acting career.
Parrilla lived with her father until his murder in 1994, when she was 16 and he was 50. Her father was shot once in the chest by a 15-year-old female assailant at point blank range and later died from the wound.
After the death of her father, Parrilla moved in with her mother in Burbank, California. Parrilla visited Granada in 2007 to learn Spanish. After high school she moved to Los Angeles and attended Beverly Hills Playhouse to study acting. She also studied voice for ten years. Parrilla then began to be cast in small parts and later on, larger ones.
In her early career, Parrilla appeared in several movies, including Very Mean Men (2000), Spiders (2000), Replicant (2001) and Frozen Stars (2003). She made her television debut in 1999, on the UON sitcom Grown Ups.
In 2000, she joined the cast of the ABC comedy series Spin City, playing Angie Ordonez for one season. She left the show in 2001.
After that she joined Donnie Wahlberg and Neal McDonough in the 2002 critically acclaimed but short-lived crime drama Boomtown, for which she received the Imagen Award for Best Supporting Actress, for her portrayal of Teresa, a paramedic. Initially a success, Boomtown began to struggle, and Parrilla’s character became a police academy rookie, to tie her more closely to the rest of the show. “Boomtown” was cancelled just two episodes into its second season.
Parrilla guest-starred in a number of television dramas, including JAG, Six Feet Under, Covert Affairs, Medium, The Defenders and Chase. She had a recurring role in 2004 as Officer Janet Grafton in NYPD Blue.
In 2005, Parrilla took a recurring guest role on the fourth season of the Fox series 24 as Sarah Gavin, a Counter Terrorist Unit agent. After just six episodes, Lana was made a regular cast member; but in the thirteenth episode, her character was written out after she tried to thwart another character’s promotion from temporary to permanent CTU head Michelle Dessler (Reiko Aylesworth).
In 2006, Parrilla starred in the NBC summer series Windfall alongside Luke Perry, fellow former 24 cast member Sarah Wynter, and Parilla’s former Boomtown castmate Jason Gedrick. In 2007, she guest starred as Greta during the third season of ABC’s Lost in the episodes “Greatest Hits” and “Through the Looking Glass” In 2008, she had a leading role on the Lifetime movie The Double Life of Eleanor Kendall, in which she played Nellie, a divorcee whose identity has been stolen.
Also in 2008, she starred in the CBS summer series Swingtown as Trina Decker, a woman who is part of a Swinging couple. In 2010, Parrilla had a female lead role in the Jerry Bruckheimer-produced Miami Medical on CBS, which had a short run towards the end of the 2009–10 television season before it was canceled in July 2010.
Windfall, Swingtown and Miami Medical were all canceled after 13 episodes.
In February 2011, she was cast as Mayor Regina Mills/The Evil Queen, the main antagonist in the ABC adventure fantasy drama pilot, Once Upon a Time created by Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz.
The series debuted in October 2011.
The pilot episode was watched by 12.93 million viewers and achieved an adult 18–49 rating/share of 4.0/10 during the first season, receiving generally favorable reviews from critics.
Parrilla’s performance also received positive reviews from critics. In 2012 and 2013, she was regarded as a promising contender for an Emmy Award in the Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series category, though she did not receive a nomination.
She won the TV Guide Award for Favorite Villain and the ALMA Award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series in 2012.
Parrilla also received a nomination for Best Supporting Actress on Television from the 38th Saturn Awards.
Parrilla became engaged to boyfriend Fred Di Blasio on April 28, 2013, while in Israel.
The two were married June 5, 2014, shortly before Parrilla began filming the fourth season of Once Upon a Time.”
Parrilla confirmed the news on her Twitter account on August 1. Parrilla is the stepmother to Di Blasio’s three sons: Jack, age 18, Patrick, age 15, and Matthew, age 13.
Lana Maria Parrilla, née le 15 juillet 1977 à Brooklyn dans l’État de New York, est une actrice américaine.
Lana Parrilla est née d’une mère italienne artiste-peintre et d’un père porto-ricain, Sam Parrilla. Ce dernier fut un joueur professionnel de baseball américain évoluant dans l’équipe des Phillies de Philadelphie dans les années 1970. Il est assassiné en 1994 à la suite d’une altercation qui a mal tourné. Elle a une sœur aînée prénommée Deena et est la nièce de l’actrice Candice Azzara, qui l’a inspirée dans sa carrière d’actrice.
Après le lycée, Lana Parrilla a déménagé à Los Angeles pour commencer sa carrière où elle a étudié à la Beverly Hills Playhouse.
Elle réside à Vancouver avec son mari Alfredo “Fred” DiBlasio. Elle n’a pas d’enfant mais vit avec les trois adolescents de son compagnon ainsi que leurs animaux de compagnie. Elle s’est fiancée en Israël le 29 avril 2013 et s’est mariée le 5 juillet 2014.
Elle développe très jeune un goût pour la comédie, inspirée par sa tante, l’actrice américaine Candice Azzara. Elle suit des cours à Los Angeles avant de débuter dans une série en 1999, Grown Ups durant deux épisodes. Elle enchaîne les séries avec le rôle régulier d’Angie Ordonez dans Spin City en 2000, puis Boomtown en 2002.
Elle joue dans des séries d’action et policier avec JAG en 2000, New York Police Blues en 2004 ainsi que dans une saison de 24 heures chrono dans le rôle de Sarah Gavin.
En 2008, elle incarne Trina Decker dans la série Swingtown. Elle incarne une voisine d’un couple qui va découvrir, grâce à elle, la libération sexuelle.
En 2011, dans la nouvelle série télévisée fantastique américaine Once Upon a Time, elle joue l’un des rôles principaux féminins en incarnant le Maire de Storybrooke, Regina Mills, ainsi que le personnage de la Méchante Reine, belle-mère de Blanche-Neige.
Lana Parrilla a été attaquée à dix ans par un chien, ce qui lui a laissé une cicatrice visible sur le côté droit de sa lèvre supérieure
Elle est également une chanteuse à certaines occasions, prêtant sa voix en fond sonore pour un tube de musique composé par deux des trois fils de son compagnon. Ces derniers forment un groupe de musique appelé 45 Spacer et Lana a contribué à leur tube appelé Naughty Boys, en 2012 ainsi qu’à You and Me en 2013.
Elle a obtenu le rôle régulier d’Angie Ordonez dans la série Spin City en 2000 après avoir dû passer six auditions au total.
Lana Parrilla connaissait toute l’histoire de la Reine Regina dès le pilote de la saison 1 de Once Upon a Time. Les scénaristes Edward Kitsis et Adam Horowitz lui ont révélé le passé du personnage avec Blanche-Neige afin qu’elle incarne au mieux son rôle.
Lana et l’acteur Jorge Garcia se connaissent depuis près de vingt ans. En effet, ils ont débuté ensemble leurs cours de théâtre à Los Angeles et sont devenus très amis. Ils se sont retrouvés lors du tournage de la saison 3 de Lost, en 2006, où Garcia incarnait un survivant alors qu’ils étaient logés dans la même hutte. Ils se sont ensuite retrouvés ensemble dans la saison 2 de Once Upon a Time.
Jack DiBlasio, le fils aîné de son compagnon, a fait une apparition dans le dernier épisode de la saison 2 de Once Upon a Time, dans le rôle d’un des Enfants Perdus du Pays Imaginaire.
Elle a une petite plume tatouée au poignet droit, symbole d’espoir.
2000 : Spiders de Gary Jones : Marci
2000 : Very Mean Men de Tony Vitale : Teresa
2001 : Replicant de Ringo Lam : Marci
2003 : One Last Ride de Tony Vitale : Antoinette
1999 : Grown Ups de Brian K. Roberts & Richard Correll (Série TV) : Une serveuse
2000 – 2001 : Spin City de Ted Wass (Série TV) : Angie Ordonez
2001 : Semper fi de Michael W. Watkins (Téléfilm)
2002 – 2003 : Boomtown de Frederick King Keller, Jon Avnet (Série TV) : Teresa Ortiz
2002 : The Shield de Scott Brazil (Série TV) : Sedona Tellez
2002 : JAG de Terrence O’Hara (Série TV) : Lt. Stephanie Donato
2004 : Six Feet Under (Six Feet Under) de Peter Webber et Miguel Arteta (Série TV) : Maile
2004 : New York Police Blues (NYPD Blue) de Robert J. Doherty, Mark Tinker & Dennis Dugan (Série TV) : Officier Janet Grafton
2005 : 24 heures chrono de Ken Girotti, Jon Cassar (Série TV) : Sarah Gavin
2006 : Windfall : Des dollars tombés du ciel d’Ellen S. Pressman, Matt Shakman (Série TV) : Nina Schaefer
2007 : Lost : Les Disparus de Stephen Williams & Jack Bender (Série TV) : Greta
2008 : Swingtown d’Alex Zakrzewski, Alan Poul (Série TV) : Trina Decker
2008 : Mon identité volée (The Double Life of Eleanor Kendall) de Richard Roy (Téléfilm) : Nellie
2010 : Médium (série télévisée) (Série TV) : Lydia
2010 : Miami Medical (Série TV) : Dr Eva Zambrano
2010 : Chase (Série TV) : Isabella
2011 : Covert Affairs (Série TV) : Julia Suarez
2011 – en cours : Once Upon a Time (Série TV) : La Méchante Reine / Regina Mills
Linda Hunt aka Hetty from “N.C.I.S” (los angeles)
Linda Hunt, de son vrai nom Lydia Susanna Hunter, est une actrice américaine née le 2 avril 1945 àMorristown (New Jersey).
Lydia Susanna Hunter (born April 2, 1945), better known by her stage name Linda Hunt, is an American film, stage and television actress known for her role as Henrietta Lange in the CBS series NCIS: Los Angeles.
Elle est la fille d’Elsie Doying, professeur de piano, et de Raymond Davy Hunter, vice-président d’une compagnie pétrolière de Long Island, la Harper Fuel Oil. Elle a une sœur, Marcia.
Linda Hunt a étudié à l’université Interlochen Arts Academy. Elle a obtenu l’Oscar de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle en 1984 pour son rôle dans L’Année de tous les dangers de Peter Weir.
Elle a servi de modèle à Brad Bird pour le personnage d’Edna E. Mode dans Les Indestructibles.
Elle est atteinte de nanisme hypophysaire (et non du syndrome de Turner comme écrit dans certains blogs), ce qui fait qu’elle a une taille (1,45 m) bien en dessous de la moyenne.
After making her film debut playing Mrs. Oxheart in Popeye (1980), Hunt portrayed the male character Billy Kwan, her breakthrough performance, in The Year of Living Dangerously (1982). Her role as Billy Kwan earned her an Academy Award, an Australian Film Institute Award, a Golden Globe nomination and various other awards.
She has had great success in films such as The Bostonians (1984), Dune (1984), Silverado (1985), Eleni (1985), Waiting for the Moon (1987), She-Devil (1989), Kindergarten Cop (1990), If Looks Could Kill (1991), Rain Without Thunder (1992), Twenty Bucks (1993), Younger and Younger (1993), Prêt-à-Porter (1994), Pocahontas (1995), The Relic (1997), Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World (1998), Dragonfly (2002), Yours Mine and Ours (2005) and Stranger Than Fiction (2006).
Hunt has also had a successful television career. She played Rose in the television movie Basements (1987) and narrated in the television movie The New Chimpanzees. She guest starred on Hallmark Hall of Fame in both 1978 and 1987, Space Rangers in 1993, Carnivale in both 2003 and 2005, Without a Trace in 2008, The Unit in 2008 and Nip Tuck in 2009. From 1997 to 2002, Hunt played the recurring role of Judge Zoey Hiller on The Practice. She currently portrays Henrietta ‘Hetty’ Lange on the CBS television series NCIS Los Angeles, a role she has held since the 2009 debut, for which she has received two Teen Choice Awards. She is also the narrator in the God of War video game franchise.
Hunt was born in Morristown, New Jersey, and raised in Westport, Connecticut. She is one of the two daughters of Raymond Davy Hunter, vice president of Harper Fuel Oil on Long Island, and Elsie Doying Hunter, a piano teacher who taught at the Westport School of Music and accompanied the Saugatuck Congregational Church choir. Hunt attended the Interlochen Arts Academy and the Goodman School of Drama in Chicago (now part of DePaul University)
Hunt’s film debut in 1980 was in Robert Altman’s musical comedy Popeye. Two years later, she co-starred as Billy Kwan in The Year of Living Dangerously, Peter Weir’s film adaptation of the novel of the same name.
For her role as the male Chinese-Australian photographer Billy Kwan, Hunt won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in 1983, becoming the first person to win an Oscar for playing a character of the opposite sex.
In addition, the character was Asian and had the condition of dwarfism. In her screen test, Hunt wore a hairpiece, a fake moustache, and “paste-on pieces above her eyes to appear Oriental”.
To accomplish the role during production, Hunt shortened “her hair and dyed it black, wore padding around her waist, shaved her eyebrows, and carried something in her shirt pocket.” In her 1986 interview with the Bomb magazine, Hunt remarked that Billy Kwan “is supra-personal with layers of sexual ambiguity.”
Hunt also played a nurse in She-Devil (1989) and the austere school principal opposite Arnold Schwarzenegger in Kindergarten Cop in 1990.
Also a well known stage actress, Hunt has received two Obie awards and a Tony Award nomination for her theatre work.
She created the role of Aunt Dan in Wallace Shawn’s play Aunt Dan and Lemon. She portrayed Sister Aloysius in the Pasadena Playhouse production of John Patrick Shanley’s play Doubt.
She was praised for her performance as the title character in Bertolt Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children.
Hunt also appeared as Pope Joan in Caryl Churchill’s “Top Girls” when London’s Royal Court Theatre’s production was staged at the Public Theater in New York. In an interview with writer Craig Gholson and actor Vincent Caristi, Hunt discusses her experience acting in theatre, “Acting onstage is like an explosion each night.
And what comes in at you all the time as you are trying to create something which is a tremendous act of organization and concentration.”.
Her television appearances include recurring roles as Judge Zoey Hiller on David E. Kelley’s series The Practice and as Dr. Claire Bryson on Without a Trace. She has narrated several installments of The American Experience on PBS.
She now plays the role of an operations manager and supervisor on the CBS fall show NCIS: Los Angeles with Chris O’Donnell, LL Cool J, Daniela Ruah, Eric Christian Olsen and Barrett Foa.
Hunt has a rich, resonant voice, which she has used in numerous documentaries, cartoons, and commercials. She is the on-air host for City Arts & Lectures, a radio program recorded by KQED public radio at the Nourse Theater in San Francisco.
Hunt interviews celebrated writers, artists and thinkers addressing contemporary ideas and values, often discussing the creative process.
Hunt was chosen by Walt Disney Feature Animation to lend her enigmatic speaking and singing voice to Grandmother Willow in the animated musical film Pocahontas and its direct-to-video sequel Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World.
Her voice work includes also the character of “Management” in Carnivàle, and the titan Gaia, who serves as the Narrator in the God of War series of video games.
She narrated the introductory film at the International Spy Museum in Washington, D.C., and has also been heard in various commercials of the late 1990s for Tylenol.
Hunt narrated the PBS Nature special entitled “Christmas in Yellowstone”. She also narrated the National Geographic documentary The Great Indian Railway.
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