Dans le cadre des articles que nous écrivons ou retranscrivons à partir de sources connues ( comme Wikipedia ), nous avons choisi de reprendre la carrière artistique et la vie d’une actrice, d’une star italienne qui a crevé les écrans de Hollywood les années 50 60 et au delà… SOPHIA LOREN
Une actrice italienne qui parle aussi bien la langue anglaise/ américaine que la langue française.
La beauté, le talent artistique n’a jamais empêché qu’elle ait aussi une culture, éducation et richesse linguistique.
La vie de Sophia Loren , des photos, des vidéos ( en langue italienne, Anglaise et interviews en langue Française ) plus bas dans cet article.
Sachez que vous pouvez traduire aussi bien le site , que les articles via les applications et boutons sur notre site, pour un meilleur confort de lecture
As part of articles we write or retranscribe from known sources (as Wikipedia), we chose to “talke” about the artistic career and the life of an actress, an Italian star , a Hollywood star also of the 50s, 60s and 70s . Still star today and a Hollywood Icon
An Italian actress who speaks English and American as well as French.
The beauty mixed to the artistic talent added to her culture, education and linguistic skills.
The life of Sophia Loren, photos, videos (in Italian, English and French language interviews) further down in this article.
To precise : that you can translate the website as well as the articles via the applications and buttons on our website, for a better comfort in the language you prefer.
Sofia Villani Scicolone born 20 September 1934), known professionally as Sophia Loren is an Italian film actress and singer. She is one of the last surviving stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood.
Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons after entering a beauty pageant, Loren began her film career at age 16 in 1950. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include The Pride and the Passion, Houseboat, and It Started in Naples.
Her talents as an actress were not recognized until her performance as Cesira in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women (1961); Loren’s performance earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress, making her the first thespian to win an Oscar for a foreign-language performance.
She holds the record for having earned six David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress: Two Women; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963); Marriage Italian Style (1964) (for which she was nominated for a second Oscar); Sunflower (1970); The Voyage (1974); and A Special Day (1977).
After starting a family in the early 1970s, Loren chose to make only occasional film appearances. Most recently, she has appeared in American films such as Grumpier Old Men (1995) and Nine (2009).
Aside from the Academy Award, she has won a Grammy Award, five special Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award), a BAFTA Award, a Laurel Award, the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival, the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival and the Honorary Academy Award in 1991.
In 1995, she received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievements, one of many such awards. In 1999, Loren was named by the American Film Institute the 21st greatest female star of Classic Hollywood Cinema, and she is currently the only living actress on the list.
Sofia Villani Scicolone was born on 20 September 1934 in the Clinica Regina Margherita in Rome, Italy, the daughter of Romilda Villani (1910–1991) and Riccardo Scicolone, a construction engineer of noble descent (Loren wrote in her autobiography that she is entitled to call herself the Marquess of Licata Scicolone Murillo).
Loren’s father Riccardo Scicolone refused to marry Villani, leaving the piano teacher and aspiring actress without financial support. Loren met with her father three times, at age five, age seventeen and in 1976 at his deathbed, citing that she forgave him but had never forgotten the abandonment of her mother.
Loren’s parents had another child together, her sister Maria, in 1938. Loren has two younger paternal half-brothers, Giuliano and Giuseppe. Romilda, Sofia, and Maria lived with Loren’s grandmother in Pozzuoli, near Naples.
During the Second World War, the harbour and munitions plant in Pozzuoli was a frequent bombing target of the Allies. During one raid, as Loren ran to the shelter, she was struck by shrapnel and wounded in the chin. After that, the family moved to Naples, where they were taken in by distant relatives.
After the war, Loren and her family returned to Pozzuoli. Loren’s grandmother Luisa opened a pub in their living room, selling homemade cherry liquor. Romilda Villani played the piano, Maria sang, and Loren waited on tables and washed dishes. The place was popular with the American GIs stationed nearby.
At age 15, Loren as Sofia Lazzaro entered the Miss Italia 1950 beauty pageant and was assigned as Candidate #2, being one to the four sharing contestants representing the Lazio region.
She was selected as one of the last three finalists and won the title of “Miss Elegance 1950” , while Liliana Cardinale won the title of “Miss Cinema” and Anna Maria Bugliari won the grand title of Miss Italia. She returned in 2001 as president of the jury for the 61st edition of the pageant. In 2010, Loren crowned the 71st Miss Italia pageant winner.
1951–1953 as Sofia Scicolone, and as Sofia Lazzaro
At age 17, as Sofia Lazzaro, she enrolled in acting class and was selected as an uncredited extra in Mervyn LeRoy’s 1951 film Quo Vadis (1951), filmed when she was 17 years old.
That same year, she appeared in Italian film Era lui… sì! sì!, where she played an odalisque, and was credited as Sofia Lazzaro. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, including the La Favorita (1952).
1953–1970 as Sophia Loren
Carlo Ponti changed her name and public image to appeal to a wider audience as Sophia Loren, being a twist on the name of the Swedish actress Märta Torén and suggested by Goffredo Lombardo. Her first starring role was in Aida (1953), for which she received critical acclaim.
After playing the lead role in Two Nights with Cleopatra (1953), her breakthrough role was in The Gold of Naples (1954), directed by Vittorio De Sica. Too Bad She’s Bad, also released in 1954, and (La Bella Mugnaia) (1955) became the first of many films in which Loren co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni.
Over the next three years, she acted in many films, including Scandal in Sorrento, Lucky to Be a Woman, Boy on a Dolphin, Legend of the Lost and The Pride and the Passion.
Loren became an international film star following her five-picture contract with Paramount Pictures in 1958.
Among her films at this time were Desire Under the Elms with Anthony Perkins, based upon the Eugene O’Neill play; Houseboat, a romantic comedy co-starring Cary Grant; and George Cukor’s Heller in Pink Tights, in which she appeared as a blonde for the first time.
In 1960, she starred in Vittorio De Sica’s Two Women, a stark, gritty story of a mother who is trying to protect her 12-year-old daughter in war-torn Italy.
The two end up gang-raped inside a church as they travel back to their home city following cessation of bombings there.
Originally cast as the daughter, Loren fought against type and was eventually cast as the mother (actress Eleonora Brown would portray the daughter). Loren’s performance earned her many awards, including the Cannes Film Festival’s best performance prize, and an Academy Award for Best Actress, the first major Academy Award for a non-English-language performance or to an Italian actress.
She won 22 international awards for Two Women. The film was extremely well received by critics and a huge commercial success.
Though proud of this accomplishment, Loren did not show up to this award, citing fear of fainting at the award ceremony.
Nevertheless, Cary Grant telephoned her in Rome the next day to inform her of the Oscar award.
During the 1960s, Loren was one of the most popular actresses in the world, and continued to make films in the United States and Europe, starring with prominent leading men. In 1964, her career reached its pinnacle when she received $1 million to appear in The Fall of the Roman Empire.
In 1965, she received a second Academy Award nomination for her performance in Marriage Italian-Style.
Drawing of Loren by Nicholas Volpe after she won an Oscar for Two Women (1961)
Among Loren’s best-known films of this period are Samuel Bronston’s epic production of El Cid (1961) with Charlton Heston, The Millionairess (1960) with Peter Sellers,
It Started in Naples (1960) with Clark Gable, Vittorio De Sica’s triptych Yesterday,
Today and Tomorrow (1963) with Marcello Mastroianni,
Peter Ustinov’s Lady L (1965) with Paul Newman,
the 1966 classic Arabesque with Gregory Peck, and Charlie Chaplin’s final film
, A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) with Marlon Brando.
Loren received four Golden Globe Awards between 1964 and 1977 as “World Film Favorite – Female”
Loren worked less after becoming a mother. During the next decade, most of her roles were in Italian features.
During the 1970s, she was paired with Richard Burton in the last De Sica-directed film, The Voyage (1974), and a remake of the film Brief Encounter (1974).
The film had its premiere on US television on 12 November 1974 as part of the Hallmark Hall of Fame series on NBC. In 1976, she starred in The Cassandra Crossing.
It fared extremely well internationally, and was a respectable box office success in US market.
She co-starred with Marcello Mastroianni in Ettore Scola’s A Special Day (1977). This movie was nominated for 11 international awards such as two Oscars (best actor in leading role, best foreign picture).
It won a Golden Globe Award and a César Award for best foreign movie. Loren’s performance was awarded with a David di Donatello Award, the seventh in her career. The movie was extremely well received by American reviewers and became a box office hit.
Following this success, Loren starred in an American thriller Brass Target.
This movie received mixed reviews, although it was moderately successful in the United States and internationally.
In 1978, she won her fourth Golden Globe for “world film favorite”.
Other movies of this decade were Academy award nominee Sunflower (1970), which was a critical success, and Arthur Hiller’s Man of La Mancha (1972), which was a critical and commercial failure despite being nominated for several awards, including two Golden Globes. O’Toole and James Coco were nominated for two NBR awards, in addition the NBR listed Man of La Mancha in its best ten pictures of 1972 list.
In 1980, after the international success of the biography Sophia Loren: Living and Loving, Her Own Story by A. Hotchner, Loren portrayed herself and her mother in a made-for-television biopic adaptation of her autobiography, Sophia Loren: Her Own Story. Ritza Brown and Chiara Ferrari each portrayed the younger Loren.
In 1981, she became the first female celebrity to launch her own perfume, ‘Sophia’, and a brand of eyewear soon followed.
In 1982, while in Italy, she made headlines after serving an 18-day prison sentence on tax evasion charges – a fact that failed to hamper her popularity or career.
In fact, Bill Moore, then employed at Pickle Packers International advertising department, sent her a pink pickle-shaped trophy for being “the prettiest lady in the prettiest pickle”. In 2013, the supreme court of Italy cleared her of the charges.
She acted infrequently during the 1980s and in 1981 turned down the role of Alexis Carrington in the television series Dynasty.
Although she was set to star in 13 episodes of CBS’s Falcon Crest in 1984 as Angela Channing’s half-sister Francesca Gioberti, negotiations fell through at the last moment and the role went to Gina Lollobrigida instead. Loren preferred devoting more time to raising her sons.
In 1991, Loren received the Academy Honorary Award for her contributions to world cinema and was declared “one of the world cinema’s treasures”. In 1995, she received the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award.
She presented Federico Fellini with his honorary Oscar in April 1993. In 2009, Loren stated on Larry King Live that Fellini had planned to direct her in a film shortly before his death in 1993.
Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, Loren was selective about choosing her films and ventured into various areas of business, including cookbooks, eyewear, jewelry, and perfume.
She received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance in Robert Altman’s film Ready to Wear (1994), co-starring Julia Roberts.
In 1994, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.
In Grumpier Old Men (1995), Loren played a femme fatale opposite Walter Matthau, Jack Lemmon, and Ann-Margret.
The film was a box-office success and became Loren’s biggest US hit in years.
At the 20th Moscow International Film Festival in 1997, she was awarded an Honorable Prize for contribution to cinema. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Loren among the greatest female stars of Golden Age of Hollywood cinema.
In 2001, Loren received a Special Grand Prix of the Americas Award at the Montreal World Film Festival for her body of work.She filmed two projects in Canada during this time: the independent film Between Strangers (2002), directed by her son Edoardo and co-starring Mira Sorvino, and the television miniseries Lives of the Saints (2004).
In 2009, after five years off the set and 14 years since she starred in a prominent US theatrical film, Loren starred in Rob Marshall’s film version of Nine, based on the Broadway musical that tells the story of a director whose midlife crisis causes him to struggle to complete his latest film;
he is forced to balance the influences of numerous formative women in his life, including his deceased mother. Loren was Marshall’s first and only choice for the role.
The film also stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Penélope Cruz, Kate Hudson, Marion Cotillard, and Nicole Kidman. As a part of the cast, she received her first nomination for a Screen Actors Guild Award.
In 2010, Loren played her own mother in a two-part Italian television miniseries about her early life, directed by Vittorio Sindoni with Margareth Madè as Loren, entitled La Mia Casa È Piena di Specchi , based on the memoir by her sister Maria.
In July 2013, Loren made her film comeback in an Italian adaptation of Jean Cocteau’s 1930 play The Human Voice (La Voce Umana), which charts the breakdown of a woman who is left by her lover – with her youngest son, Edoardo Ponti, as director.
Filming took under a month during July in various locations in Italy, including Rome and Naples. It was Loren’s first significant feature film since Nine.
Loren received a star on 16 November 2017, at Almeria Walk of Fame due to his intervention in Bianco, rosso e…. She received the Almería Tierra de Cine award.
In September 1999, Loren filed a lawsuit against 79 adult websites for posting altered nude photos of her on the internet.
Loren is a Roman Catholic. Her primary residence has been in Geneva, Switzerland, since late 2006. She also owns homes in Naples and Rome.
Loren is an ardent fan of the football club S.S.C. Napoli. In May 2007, when the team was third in Serie B, she (then age 72) told the Gazzetta dello Sport that she would do a striptease if the team won.
Affair with Cary Grant
Loren and Cary Grant co-starred in Houseboat (1958). Grant’s wife Betsy Drake wrote the original script, and Grant originally intended that she would star with him.
After he began an affair with Loren while filming The Pride and the Passion (1957), Grant arranged for Loren to take Drake’s place with a rewritten script for which Drake did not receive credit.
The affair ended in bitterness before The Pride and the Passion’s filming ended, causing problems on the Houseboat set.
Grant hoped to resume the relationship, but Loren agreed to marry Carlo Ponti, instead.
Marriage and family
Loren first met Ponti in 1950, when she was 16 and he was 37.
Though Ponti had been long separated from his first wife, Giuliana, he was not legally divorced when Loren married him by proxy (two male lawyers stood in for them) in Mexico on 17 September 1957.
The couple had their marriage annulled in 1962 to escape bigamy charges, but continued to live together.
In 1965, they became French citizens after their application was approved by then French President Georges Pompidou. Ponti then obtained a divorce from Giuliana in France, allowing him to marry Loren on 9 April 1966.
They had two children, Carlo Ponti Jr., born on 29 December 1968, and Edoardo Ponti, born on 6 January 1973.Loren’s daughters-in-law are Sasha Alexander and Andrea Meszaros. Loren has four grandchildren. Loren remained married to Carlo Ponti until his death on 10 January 2007 of pulmonary complications.
In 1962, Loren’s sister Maria married the youngest son of Benito Mussolini, Romano, with whom she had two daughters, Alessandra, a national conservative Italian politician, and Elisabetta.
Claudia Cardinale est une actrice et mannequin italienne francophone, née le 15 avril 1938 à Tunis (Tunisie).
Véritable sex-symbol des années 1960, elle a joué dans de nombreux films à succès, notamment dans les films Le Pigeon (1958), Le Guépard (1963) et Il était une fois dans l’Ouest (1968).
Claude Joséphine Rose Cardinale est née à Tunis à l’époque du protectorat français, dans un immeuble de l’avenue Jules-Ferry (aujourd’hui avenue Habib-Bourguiba), le « Foyer du combattant », derrière le quartier de la Petite Sicile. Son père, François, est ingénieur à la compagnie des chemins de fer de Tunis. Elle est l’aînée d’une fratrie de quatre enfants avec Blanche, Bruno et Adrien élevés par sa mère Yolande Greco. Ses grands-parents paternels et maternels sont originaires de Sicile.
Garçon manqué et enfant sauvage, elle est fascinée comme beaucoup d’adolescentes de sa génération, par Brigitte Bardot. Elle étudie au lycée Cambon, rue de Marseille. Le sicilien est la langue parlée dans sa famille et le français la langue apprise pendant sa scolarité, de sorte que, bien qu’étant de nationalité italienne, elle n’apprend l’italien qu’à l’âge adulte, afin de pouvoir tourner.
Ses premiers contacts avec le cinéma ont lieu en 1955 à Venise, durant la Biennale, au cours d’un voyage qui lui a été offert après qu’elle a gagné, à 17 ans, l’élection de « la plus belle Italienne de Tunis », concours de beauté organisé par l’office du cinéma italien. Cependant, désirant être institutrice, elle décline toutes les propositions qui lui sont faites et ne fait qu’une brève apparition dans un court métrage, Anneaux d’or de René Vautier. Violée à l’âge de 19 ans, elle refuse de se faire avorter et c’est ce qui la pousse à s’engager dans le cinéma pour gagner sa vie et être indépendante dans le but de pouvoir élever son fils Patrick.
Ses véritables débuts dans un long métrage se font en 1958 dans Goha de Jacques Baratier et surtout Le Pigeon de Mario Monicelli, sous l’égide du producteur Franco Cristaldi, qu’elle épouse en 1966.
Dans les années 1960, on la retrouve à l’affiche de nombreux succès critiques et publics. De célèbres et nombreux réalisateurs tiennent à sa présence devant leurs caméras. Ce sont notamment Mauro Bolognini, Abel Gance, Luchino Visconti, Henri Verneuil, Philippe de Broca, Luigi Comencini, Federico Fellini, Blake Edwards, Henry Hathaway et Sergio Leone. Avec le drame La Fille à la valise de Valerio Zurlini, elle devient la petite fiancée de l’Italie.
À cause de sa voix rauque et de son italien alors approximatif, l’actrice est systématiquement doublée dans ses films, jusqu’à Huit et demi.
Sur le tournage, Claudia Cardinale parle le français dans les scènes avec Alain Delon, l’anglais avec Burt Lancaster et l’italien dans ses autres scènes.
Ces doublages ont eu une conséquence négative au début de sa carrière, car pour le film La Fille à la valise, elle reçoit le ruban d’argent de la meilleure actrice, qui lui est aussitôt retiré, le jury s’étant rappelé après coup que le règlement interdit aux lauréats d’être doublés.
Sa présence aux côtés d’Alain Delon dans Rocco et ses frères et dans Le Guépard de Visconti, et aux côtés de Jean-Paul Belmondo dans Cartouche la font connaître du public français, alors que le succès aux États-Unis et la renommée internationale lui viennent en 1963 avec Huit et demi de Federico Fellini puis, en 1964, avec Le Plus Grand Cirque du monde d’Henry Hathaway ; ils se confirment en 1968 par Il était une fois dans l’Ouest de Sergio Leone.
Les années 1970 et 1980 la voient alterner les rôles : réalisations italiennes avec Marco Ferreri, Luigi Comencini, Franco Zeffirelli, Marco Bellocchio,
Luchino Visconti (sous la direction duquel elle a joué quatre fois) et surtout avec son compagnon (à partir de 1974), le réalisateur et scénariste Pasquale Squitieri ; réalisations françaises avec Christian-Jaque, José Giovanni, Michel Lang, Nadine Trintignant, Diane Kurys ou Robert Enrico ; réalisations internationales avec Jerzy Skolimowski, Mikhaïl Kalatozov, George Cosmatos, Alan Bridges, Werner Herzog ou Blake Edwards.
Sur le tournage difficile des Aventures du brigadier Gérard, elle empêche le renvoi du réalisateur polonais Jerzy Skolimowski en menaçant de quitter le film.
Durant les années 1970, elle se prête aussi à une parenthèse discographique qui lui vaut des succès discos en Europe et au Japon avec plusieurs passages télévisés et une large diffusion sur les ondes des radios périphériques en France de titres comme Love affair (classé no 16 au hit-parade), et Sun… I love you en 1977 et en 1978.
À partir de la fin des années 1990, Claudia Cardinale réduit le nombre de tournages de films pour se consacrer davantage au théâtre ou à l’écriture.
Dans les années 2000, elle monte sur scène à Paris, interprétant, en 2000, La Vénitienne (anonyme du xvie siècle) et Doux oiseaux de jeunesse de Tennessee Williams en 2005.
En 1993, elle est membre du jury de la sélection officielle au Festival de Cannes. Par ailleurs, à la Mostra de Venise 1993, elle reçoit un lion d’or saluant sa contribution au patrimoine cinématographique mondial. Cette année marque le début d’une succession de récompenses saluant l’ensemble de sa carrière cinématographique.
L’Italie continue à la saluer : elle reçoit en 1997 un David di Donatello, en 1998 un Flaiano International Prizes, en 2000 le ruban d’argent d’honneur du Syndicat national des journalistes cinématographiques italiens.
Elle enchaîne avec des prix européens : en 2002, l’ours d’or d’honneur au Festival de Berlin mais aussi le prix Platinum du Viareggio EuropaCinema. En 2003, elle est lauréate du prix des acteurs européens au Festival du Film de Ludwigsburg.
Puis c’est la France qui prend le relais : en 2006, elle est lauréate du prix Henri-Langlois de Vincennes puis en 2008 reçoit l’ordre national de la Légion d’honneur. En 2013, à la 18e cérémonie des prix Lumières 2013, elle est lauréate du prix pour l’ensemble de sa carrière. Son pays d’origine suit rapidement : en 2009, elle reçoit les insignes du grand cordon de l’ordre national du Mérite (Tunisie).
Jusqu’en 2015, elle reçoit une dizaine d’autres récompenses dans des festivals internationaux à travers le monde.
Elle continue de tourner, mais dans des productions beaucoup moins exposées médiatiquement, et souvent pour des seconds rôles..
Après un viol, elle donne naissance discrètement à Londres à un garçon, Patrick, le 19 octobre 1958, alors qu’elle est âgée de 20 ans. Son producteur, Franco Cristaldi, lui conseille de le faire passer pour son petit frère pour ne pas contrarier sa carrière. Alors que son fils a 6 ou 7 ans, elle révèle ce secret pesant à un journaliste.
Le père lui aurait envoyé de nombreuses lettres, toutes déchirées par Cristaldi sans qu’elle ne le sache, et souhaitera des années plus tard le reconnaître, ce que Patrick refusera.
Après un mariage malheureux de 1966 à 1975 avec Cristaldi (lequel a adopté Patrick) qui organise lui-même la cérémonie sans l’avertir, elle est la compagne de 1974 à 2011 du réalisateur Pasquale Squitieri (1938-2017), avec lequel elle a une fille, Claudia. Celle-ci aura un fils, Milo, avec l’artiste plasticien Samon Takahashi.
Les rumeurs sur sa relation avec Rock Hudson à l’époque sont en réalité fausses, l’actrice révèle plus tard avoir fait croire à cela pour protéger la carrière de l’acteur, à une époque où l’homosexualité était plutôt mal perçue.
Elle a toujours adopté des positions politiques marquées par des idées progressistes. Femme de gauche, elle est engagée depuis longtemps dans la lutte contre le sida, dans la défense des droits des femmes et des homosexuels. Elle a apporté sa contribution à nombre de causes humanitaires. En 1999, l’UNESCO l’a désignée « ambassadrice de bonne volonté ».
« J’ai été une star, très jeune. Je n’ai pas de mérite, le destin en a décidé ainsi. Une étoile a toujours veillé sur moi. »
En 2009, elle publie « Ma Tunisie » aux éditions Timée, un livre de photos sur les traces de son enfance tunisienne.
En 2014, elle est membre du comité de soutien à la candidature d’Anne Hidalgo à la mairie de Paris.
Le 29 mars 2017, elle est désignée comme l’égérie des 70 ans du Festival de Cannes en figurant sur l’affiche du festival. Les retouches apportées à la photographie, qui ont pour objet de la mincir davantage, suscitent une controverse relative aux canons de beauté féminin dans le cinéma et la communication, que Claudia Cardinale finit par écarter en la qualifiant de fausse polémique
Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr. (December 31, 1943 – October 12, 1997), known professionally as John Denver.
John was an American singer, songwriter, actor, activist, and humanitarian. He was one of the most popular acoustic artists of the 1970s and one of the greatest songwriters of the 20th century. After traveling and living in numerous locations while growing up in his military family, Denver began his music career in folk music groups in the late 1960s. His greatest commercial success was as a solo singer, starting in the 1970s. Throughout his life, Denver recorded and released approximately 300 songs, about 200 of which he composed.
He performed primarily with an acoustic guitar and sang about his joy in nature, his enthusiasm for music, and his relationship trials. Denver’s music appeared on a variety of charts, including country and western, the Billboard Hot 100, and adult contemporary, in all earning him twelve gold and four platinum albums with his signature songs “Take Me Home, Country Roads”, “Annie’s Song”, “Rocky Mountain High”, and “Sunshine on My Shoulders”.
Doris Day and John Denver
Denver further starred in films and several notable television specials in the 1970s and 1980s. In the following decade, he continued to record, but also focused on calling attention to environmental issues, lent his vocal support to space exploration, and testified in front of Congress to protest against censorship in music. He was known for his love of the state of Colorado, which he sang about numerous times. He lived in Aspen, Colorado, for much of his life. He was named Poet Laureate of the state in 1974. The Colorado state legislature also adopted “Rocky Mountain High” as one of its state songs in 2007. Denver was an avid pilot, and died in a single fatality crash of his personal aircraft at the age of 53.
Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr., was born in Roswell, New Mexico, to Erma Louise Swope and Lt. Col. Henry John Deutschendorf, Sr. an Air Force officer (who set three speed records in the B-58 Hustler bomber and earned a place in the Air Force Hall of Fame).
Henry Sr. was of German ancestry, and met and married his “Oklahoma Sweetheart”. Denver’s Irish Catholic and German maternal grandmother was the one who imbued Denver with his love of music. In his autobiography, Take Me Home, Denver described his life as the eldest son of a family shaped by a stern father who could not show his love for his children. He is also the nephew of singer Dave Deutschendorf of The New Christy Minstrels.
Because Denver’s father was in the military, the family moved often, making it difficult for Denver to make friends and fit in with people of his own age. Constantly being the new kid was agony for the introverted child, and he grew up always feeling as if he should be somewhere else, but never knowing where that “right” place was. While living in Tucson, Arizona, Denver was a member of the Tucson Arizona Boys Chorus for two years.
Denver was happy living in Tucson, but his father was transferred to Montgomery, Alabama, then in the midst of the Montgomery boycotts. The family later moved to Fort Worth, Texas, where Denver graduated from Arlington Heights High School. Attending high school in Fort Worth was a distressing experience for the disenfranchised Denver. In his third year of high school, he borrowed his father’s car and ran away to California to visit family friends and begin his music career. His father flew to California to bring him back, and Denver unhappily returned to finish high school.
At the age of 11, Denver received an acoustic guitar from his grandmother. He learned to play well enough to perform at local clubs by the time he was in college. He adopted the surname “Denver” after the capital of his favorite state, Colorado. He decided to change his name when Randy Sparks, founder of The New Christy Minstrels, suggested that “Deutschendorf” wouldn’t fit comfortably on a marquee.
Denver studied Architecture at Texas Tech University in Lubbock and sang in a folk-music group called “The Alpine Trio” while pursuing architecture studies. He was also a member of Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. Denver dropped out of the Texas Tech School of Engineering in 1963, and moved to Los Angeles, where he sang in folk clubs. In 1965, Denver joined the Chad Mitchell Trio, a folk group that had been renamed “The Mitchell Trio” prior to Chad Mitchell’s departure and before Denver’s arrival, and then “Denver, Boise, and Johnson” (John Denver, David Boise, and Michael Johnson).
In 1969, John Denver abandoned the band life to pursue a solo career and released his first album for RCA Records: Rhymes & Reasons. Two years prior, Denver had made a self-produced demo recording of some of the songs he played at his concerts. He included in the demo a song called “Babe I Hate to Go”, later renamed “Leaving on A Jet Plane”. Denver made several copies and gave them out as presents for Christmas. Producer Milt Okun, who produced records for the Mitchell Trio and the high-profile folk group Peter, Paul and Mary, had become Denver’s producer as well. Okun brought the unreleased “Jet Plane” song to Peter, Paul and Mary. Their version of the song hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100.
Although RCA did not actively promote Rhymes & Reasons with a tour, Denver himself embarked on an impromptu supporting tour throughout the Midwest, stopping at towns and cities as the fashion took him, offering to play free concerts at local venues. When he was successful in persuading a school, college, American Legion Hall, or local coffee-house to let him play, he would spend a day or so distributing posters in the town and could usually be counted upon to show up at the local radio station, guitar in hand, offering himself for an interview. With his foot-in-the-door for authoring “Leaving on a Jet Plane”, he was often successful in gaining some valuable promotional airtime, usually featuring one or two songs performed live. Some venues would let him play for the “door”; others restricted him to selling copies of the album at intermission and after the show. After several months of this constant low-key touring schedule, however, he had sold enough albums to persuade RCA to take a chance on extending his recording contract. He had also built a sizable and solid fan base, many of whom remained loyal throughout his career.
Denver recorded two more albums in 1970, Take Me to Tomorrow and Whose Garden Was This, including a mix of songs he had written and cover versions of other artists’ compositions.
His next album, Poems, Prayers, and Promises (released in 1971), was a breakthrough for him in the U.S., thanks in part to the single “Take Me Home, Country Roads”, which went to number 2 on the Billboard charts despite the first pressings of the track being distorted. Its success was due in part to the efforts of his new manager, future Hollywood producer Jerry Weintraub, who signed Denver in 1970. Weintraub insisted on a re-issue of the track and began a radio-airplay campaign that started in Denver, Colorado. Denver’s career flourished from then on, and he had a series of hits over the next four years. In 1972, Denver scored his first Top Ten album with Rocky Mountain High, with its title track reaching the Top Ten in 1973.
Between 1974 and 1975, Denver experienced an impressive chart dominance, with a string of four No.1 songs (“Sunshine on My Shoulders”, “Annie’s Song”, “Thank God I’m a Country Boy”, and “I’m Sorry”) and three No.1 albums (John Denver’s Greatest Hits, Back Home Again, and Windsong).
In the 1970s, Denver’s onstage appearance included long blond hair, embroidered shirts emblazoned with images commonly associated with the American West (created by designer & appliqué artist Anna Zapp), and “granny” glasses. His manager, Jerry Weintraub, insisted on a significant number of television appearances, including a series of half-hour shows in England, despite Denver’s protests at the time, “I’ve had no success in Britain… I mean none.”
Weintraub explained to Maureen Orth of Newsweek in December 1976, “I knew the critics would never go for John. I had to get him to the people.”
After appearing as a guest on many shows, Denver went on to host his own variety/music specials, including several concerts from Red Rocks Amphitheatre near Denver. His seasonal special, Rocky Mountain Christmas, was watched by more than 60 million people and was the highest-rated show for the ABC network at that time.
His live concert special, An Evening with John Denver, won the 1974–1975 Emmy for Outstanding Special, Comedy-Variety or Music. When Denver ended his business relationship because of Weintraub’s focus on other projects, Weintraub threw Denver out of his office and called him a Nazi.
Denver would later tell Arthur Tobier, when the latter transcribed his autobiography, “…I’d bend my principles to support something he wanted of me. And of course every time you bend your principles – whether because you don’t want to worry about it, or because you’re afraid to stand up for fear of what you might lose – you sell your soul to the devil.”
Denver was also a guest star on The Muppet Show, the beginning of the lifelong friendship between Denver and Jim Henson that spawned two television specials with The Muppets.
He also tried his hand at acting, appearing in the The Colorado Cattle Caper episode of the McCloud television movie on February 24, 1974, and starring in the 1977 film Oh, God! opposite George Burns.
Denver hosted the Grammy Awards five times in the 1970s and 1980s and guest-hosted The Tonight Show on multiple occasions. In 1975, Denver was awarded the Country Music Association’s Entertainer of the Year award.
At the ceremony, the outgoing Entertainer of the Year Charlie Rich presented the award to his successor, but in protest of what he considered the inappropriateness of Denver’s selection, Rich set fire to the envelope containing the official notification of the award. However, Denver’s music was defended by country singer Kathy Mattea, who told Alanna Nash of Entertainment Weekly, “A lot of people write him off as lightweight, but he articulated a kind of optimism, and he brought acoustic music to the forefront, bridging folk, pop, and country in a fresh way… People forget how huge he was worldwide.”
In 1977, Denver cofounded The Hunger Project with Werner Erhard and Robert W. Fuller. He served for many years and supported the organization until his death.
Denver was also appointed by President Jimmy Carter to serve on the President’s Commission on World Hunger, writing the song “I Want to Live” as its theme song. In 1979, Denver performed “Rhymes & Reasons” at the Music for UNICEF Concert. Royalties from the concert performances were donated to UNICEF.
His father taught him to fly in the mid-1970s, which led to a reconciliation between father and son.
T In 1980, Denver and his father, Lt. Col. “Dutch” Deutschendorf, co-hosted an award winning television special, “The Higher We Fly: the History of Flight”. It won the Osborn Award from the Aviation/Space Writers’ Association, and was honored by the Houston Film Festival.
Denver became outspoken in politics in the mid-1970s. He expressed his ecologic interests in the epic 1975 song “Calypso,” which is an ode to the exploration ship and team of environmental activist Jacques Cousteau. In 1976, he campaigned for Jimmy Carter, who became a close friend and ally. Denver was a supporter of the Democratic Party and of a number of charitable causes for the environmental movement, the homeless, the poor, the hungry, and the African AIDS crisis. He founded the charitable Windstar Foundation in 1976, to promote sustainable living. His dismay at the Chernobyl disaster led to precedent-setting concerts in parts of communist Asia and Europe.
During the 1980s, Denver was critical of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Administration, but he remained active in his campaign against hunger, for which Reagan awarded Denver the Presidential World Without Hunger Award in 1985.
Later years and humanitarian work
He had a few more U.S. Top 30 hits as the 1970s ended, but nothing to match his earlier success. He began to focus more on humanitarian and sustainability causes, focusing extensively on conservation projects. He made public expression of his acquaintances and friendships with ecological-design researchers such as Richard Buckminster Fuller (about whom he wrote and composed “What One Man Can Do”) and Amory Lovins, from whom he said he learned much. He also founded two environmental groups; the Windstar Foundation and Plant-It 2020 (originally Plant-It 2000).
Denver had a keen interest in solutions to world hunger. He visited Africa during the 1980s to witness first-hand the suffering caused by starvation and to work with African leaders toward solutions.
In 1983 and 1984, Denver hosted the annual Grammy Awards. In the 1983 finale, Denver was joined on stage by folk-music legend Joan Baez with whom he led an all-star version of “Blowin’ in the Wind” and “Let The Sunshine In,” joined by such diverse musical icons as Jennifer Warnes, Donna Summer, and Rick James.
In 1984, Roone Arledge, president of ABC Sports, asked Denver to compose and sing the theme song for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo. Denver worked as both a performer and a skiing commentator. (Skiing was another avocation of Denver’s.) He had written and composed “The Gold and Beyond,” and he sang it for the Olympic Games athletes, as well as local venues including many schools.
In 1985, Denver asked to participate in the singing of “We Are the World,” but he was turned down. According to Ken Kragen (who helped to produce the song), the reason Denver was turned down was that many people felt his image would hurt the credibility of the song as a pop-rock anthem. “I didn’t agree” with this assessment, Kragen said, but reluctantly turned Denver down anyway.
For Earth Day 1990, Denver was the on-camera narrator of a well-received environmental TV program, In Partnership With Earth, with then–EPA Administrator William K. Reilly.
With Denver’s innate love of flying, he was naturally attracted to NASA and became dedicated to America’s work in outer space. He conscientiously worked to help bring into being the “Citizens in Space” program. Denver received the NASA Public Service Medal, in 1985 for “helping to increase awareness of space exploration by the peoples of the world,” an award usually restricted to spaceflight engineers and designers. Also in 1985, Denver passed NASA’s rigorous physical exam and was in line for a space flight, a finalist for the first citizen’s trip on the Space Shuttle in 1986. But he was not chosen. After the Challenger disaster with teacher Christa McAuliffe aboard, Denver dedicated his song “Flying for Me” to all astronauts, and he continued to support NASA.
Denver testified before the Senate Labor and Commerce Committee on the topic of censorship during a Parents Music Resource Center hearing in 1985. Denver also toured Russia in 1985. His 11 Soviet Union concerts were the first by any American artist in more than 10 years, and they marked a very important cultural exchange that culminated in an agreement to allow other western artists to perform there.
He returned two years later to perform at a benefit concert for the victims of the Chernobyl disaster. In October 1992, Denver undertook a multiple-city tour of the People’s Republic of China. He also released a greatest-hits CD, “Homegrown,” to raise money for homeless charities.
In 1994, he published his autobiography, Take Me Home, in which he candidly spoke of his marijuana, LSD, and cocaine use, his marital infidelities, and his history of domestic violence. In 1996, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
In early 1997, Denver filmed an episode for the Nature series, centering on the natural wonders that inspired many of his best-loved songs. The episode contains his last song, “Yellowstone, Coming Home,” which he composed while rafting along the Colorado River with his son and young daughter.
In the summer of 1997, Denver recorded a children’s train album for Sony Wonder, titled All Aboard! This was produced by long-time friend Roger Nichols. The album consisted of old-fashioned swing, big band, folk, bluegrass, and gospel styles of music woven into a theme of railroad songs. This album won a posthumous Best Musical Album For Children Grammy for Denver, which was his only Grammy.
Denver’s first marriage was to Annie Martell of St. Peter, Minnesota. Their wedding was held at the Christ Chapel at Gustavus Adolphus College. Annie was the subject of his hit Annie’s Song, which he composed in only ten minutes while on a ski lift in 1974.
The couple lived in Edina, Minnesota, from 1968 to 1971. Following the success of “Rocky Mountain High”, Denver purchased a residence in Aspen, Colorado and owned one home in Aspen continuously until his death. He and Annie adopted a son, Zachary, and daughter, Anna Kate, who John would say were “meant to be” theirs. John once said, “I’ll tell you the best thing about me. I’m some guy’s dad; I’m some little gal’s dad. When I die, Zachary John and Anna Kate’s father, boy, that’s enough for me to be remembered by. That’s more than enough.” Zachary was the subject of “A Baby Just Like You”, a song that included the line “Merry Christmas, little Zachary” and which he wrote for Frank Sinatra. Denver and Annie Martell divorced in 1982 and the ensuing property settlement caused Denver to become so enraged he nearly choked his ex-wife, then used a chainsaw to cut the marital bed in half. Martell continues to live in Aspen.
Denver married actress Cassandra Delaney in 1988, after a two-year courtship. Settling at Denver’s home in Aspen, the couple had a daughter, Jesse Belle. Denver and Delaney separated in 1991 and divorced in 1993. Of his second marriage, Denver would later recall that “before our short-lived marriage ended in divorce, she managed to make a fool of me from one end of the valley to the other”. In 1993, Denver pleaded guilty to a drunken driving charge, and was placed on probation.
In August 1994, while still on probation, he was again charged with misdemeanor driving under the influence after crashing his Porsche into a tree in Aspen. Though a jury trial in July 1997 resulted in a hung jury on the second DUI charge, prosecutors later decided to reopen the case, which was closed only after Denver’s accidental death in October 1997. In 1996, the FAA decided that Denver could no longer fly a plane due to medical disqualification for failure to abstain from alcohol, a condition that the FAA had imposed in October 1995 after his prior drunk-driving conviction.
Denver’s talent extended beyond music. He was a painter as well, but because of his limiting schedule, he pursued photography. He once said that “photography is a way to communicate a feeling”. Denver was an avid skier and golfer. His love of flying was secondary only to his love for music. He collected vintage biplanes, and in 1974, he bought a Learjet, which he used to fly himself to concerts. He also bought a Christen Eagle aerobatic plane, two Cessna 210 and in 1997, an experimental, amateur-built Rutan Long-EZ.
On October 12, 1997, Denver was killed at the age of 53, when his experimental Rutan Long-EZ plane, aircraft registration number N555JD, crashed into the Pacific Ocean near Pacific Grove, California, while making a series of touch-and-go landings at the nearby Monterey Peninsula Airport. The National Transportation Safety Board’s (NTSB) accident ID is LAX98FA008. Denver was the only occupant of the aircraft.
In 2000, CBS presented the television movie Take Me Home: The John Denver Story loosely based on his memoirs, starring Chad Lowe. The New York Post observed, “An overachiever like John Denver couldn’t have been this boring.”
Denver’s music remains popular around the world. Previously unreleased and unnoticed recordings are now sought-after collectibles in pop, folk and country genres. Also in demand are copies of Denver’s many television appearances, especially his one-hour specials from the 1970s and his six-part series for Britain’s BBC, The John Denver Show. Despite strong interest in these programs, no sign of “official” release is evident for the vast majority of this material. An anthology musical featuring John Denver’s music, Back Home Again: A John Denver Holiday, premiered at the Rubicon Theatre Company in November 2006.
On March 12, 2007, the Colorado Senate passed a resolution to make Denver’s trademark 1972 hit “Rocky Mountain High” one of the state’s two official state songs, sharing duties with its predecessor, “Where the Columbines Grow”. The resolution passed 50–11 in the House, defeating an objection by Rep. Debbie Stafford (R-Aurora) that the song reflected drug use, most specifically the line, “friends around the campfire and everybody’s high”. Sen. Bob Hagedorn, the Aurora Democrat who sponsored the proposal, defended the song as nothing to do with drugs, but everything to do with sharing with friends the euphoria of experiencing the beauty of Colorado’s mountain vistas. Nancy Todd (D-Aurora) said that “John Denver to me is an icon of what Colorado is
On September 24, 2007, the California Friends of John Denver and The Windstar Foundation unveiled a bronze plaque near the spot where his plane went down near Pacific Grove. The site had been marked by a driftwood log carved (by Jeffrey Pine of Colorado) with the singer’s name, but fears that the memorial could be washed out to sea sparked the campaign for a more permanent memorial. Initially the Pacific Grove Council denied permission for the memorial, fearing the place would attract ghoulish curiosity from extreme fans. Permission was finally granted in 1999, but the project was put on hold at the request of the singer’s family. Eventually, over 100 friends and family attended the dedication of the plaque, which features a bas-relief of the singer’s face and lines from his song “Windsong”: “So welcome the wind and the wisdom she offers. Follow her summons when she calls again.”
To mark the 10th anniversary of Denver’s death, his family released a set of previously unreleased recordings of Denver’s 1985 concert performances in the Soviet Union. This two-CD set, John Denver – Live in the USSR, was produced by Denver’s friend Roger Nichols, and released by AAO Music. These digital recordings were made during 11 concerts, and then rediscovered in 2002. Included in this set is a previously unpublished rendition of “Annie’s Song” in Russian. The collection was released November 6, 2007.
On October 13, 2009, a DVD box set of previously unreleased concerts recorded throughout Denver’s career was released by Eagle Rock Entertainment. Around the World Live is a 5-disc DVD set featuring three complete live performances with full band from Australia in 1977, Japan in 1981, and England in 1986. These are complemented by a solo acoustic performance from Japan in 1984, and performances at Farm Aid from 1985, 1987 and 1990. The final disc has two-hour-long documentaries made by Denver.
On April 21, 2011, John Denver became the first inductee into the Colorado Music Hall of Fame. A benefit concert was held at Broomfield’s 1stBank Center and hosted by Olivia Newton-John. Other performers participating in the event included Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Lee Ann Womack and John Oates. Both of his ex-wives were in attendance, and the award was presented to his three children.
The John Denver “Spirit” statue is a 2002 bronze sculpture statue that was financed by Denver’s fans.
Henry John Deutschendorf Jr ( 31 Décembre 1943 – 12 Octobre 1997 ) connu sous le pseudo de JOHN DENVER
John Denver (31 décembre 1943 – 12 octobre 1997), né Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr. , est un chanteur américain, également compositeur, musicien et acteur. Il est mort à l’âge de 53 ans près de la côte de Monterey en Californie en pilotant un avion Rutan modèle Long-EZ, un avion expérimental en fibre de verre.
Il est né à Roswell, au Nouveau-Mexique. Son père, Henry Deutschendorf, Sr, était instructeur dans l’Armée de l’air des États-Unis. Denver est né alors que son père était en poste au Roswell Army Air Field. Il a passé son enfance dans diverses bases militaires du Sud-ouest américain. Il fréquente le lycée de Fort Worth dans le Texas, et plus tard inscrit à Texas Tech où il était un membre de la fraternité « Delta Tau Delta ». Son goût pour jouer de la musique est venu à l’âge de douze ans lorsque sa grand-mère lui a donné une guitare acoustique Gibson de 1910. Denver a commencé à se produire dans des clubs locaux ainsi qu’à l’université. Il a laissé tomber l’université en 1964 et s’est déplacé à Los Angeles pour rejoindre le trio Chad Mitchell Trio, un groupe de musique folklorique. En 1966, il écrit la chanson Leaving on a Jet Plane, dont l’enregistrement le plus célèbre provient de Peter, Paul and Mary. Il quitte le groupe connu sous le nom de Denver, Boise et Johnson, en 1969 pour poursuivre une carrière solo. La même année il sort son premier album Rhymes and Reasons, (des rimes et des raisons). Durant les quatre années qui suivent, il sort des albums comme Whose Garden Was This, Take Me to Tomorrow, et Poems, Prayers and Promises et devient une célébrité de la chanson populaire en Amérique.
Une de ses chansons les plus connues Take me home, Country roads enregistrée en 1971 sera reprise en France d’abord par Marie Laforêt sous le titre « Mon pays est ici » puis par Claude François sous le titre « J’ai encore ma maison », et encore quelques années plus tard par Dick Rivers sous le titre « Faire un pont ». Cette même chanson connaîtra également une adaptation en japonais dans le film Si tu tends l’oreille (1995). Elle a pour nom Mimi o sumaseba (耳をすませば) au pays du soleil levant.
Célèbre dans le chant et dans l’écriture de chanson, il connaît une carrière mineure en tant qu’acteur.
Ses films les plus connus étant en 1977 Oh, God! avec George Burns.
En 1994, Denver a écrit son autobiographie intitulée Take Me Home. Il se rend à Aspen dans le Colorado en 1970 suivant son premier succès solo avec la chanson Leaving on a Jet Plane (en partant sur un avion à réaction). Denver est connu non seulement pour ses capacités musicales mais également pour son travail humanitaire.
Il a travaillé intensivement sur des projets humanitaires et a aidé à créer un refuge national en Alaska. Il a également fondé son propre groupe environnemental appelé Windstar Foundation. Denver a montré un vif intérêt pour la lutte contre la famine, et s’est rendu en Afrique au cours des années 1980, œuvrant également avec des chefs africains à la recherche d’une solution.
Défiant toutes les étiquettes conventionnelles, John Denver a tenu un rôle singulier dans la musique américaine : un compositeur dont le travail immensément populaire s’est répandu avec une parenté profonde et en lien avec les gens. Ses chansons sont restées populaires dans le monde. Elles sont caractérisées par leurs mélodies douces, une guitare élégante et son interprétation soul du lyrique. Il est devenu un des quelques chanteurs occidentaux largement connus dans le monde non-européen comprenant l’Afrique, l’Inde et l’Asie du Sud-Est.
John Denver était passionné par deux choses : la musique et l’aviation. Pilote expérimenté, il pilotait ses propres Lear Jet et pratiquait le vol acrobatique. Cependant, c’est cette passion qui a causé sa mort : John Denver s’est abîmé en mer le 12 octobre 1997 aux commandes de son Rutan Long-EZ.
1969 : Rhymes and Reasons
1970 : Take Me To Tomorrow
1970 : Whose Garden Was This?
1971 : Poems, Prayers and Promises
1972 : Aerie
1972 : Rocky Mountain High
1974 : Farewell Andromeda
1974 : John Denver’s Greatest Hits
1974 : Back Home Again
1975 : An Evening With John Denver
1975 : Windsong
1975 : Calypso, un hommage musical à Jacques-Yves Cousteau et à sa cause