JOE DASSIN L’INOUBLIABLE… UNFORGETTABLE


Joseph Ira 聽Dassin, dit Joe Dassin, n茅 le 5 novembre 1938 脿 New York et mort le 20 ao没t 1980 脿 Papeete (Tahiti), est un chanteur, compositeur et 茅crivain am茅ricano-fran莽ais.

En seize ans de carri猫re (1964-1980), il a connu de nombreux succ猫s dans la francophonie et ailleurs2, notamment en Finlande, en Gr猫ce et en Allemagne 3 : Joe Dassin a vendu plus de 50 millions de disques dans le monde4 dont pr猫s de 17 millions de disques en France, soit 10 millions de singles et 7 millions d’albums

Dassin l'茅t茅 indien

Biographie et parcours professionnel

Naissance et famille

Joe Dassin est le fils de Jules Dassin (1911-2008), r茅alisateur de films, et de B茅atrice Launer (1913-1994), violoniste virtuose, tous deux de nationalit茅 am茅ricaine.

Il a deux s艙urs, Richelle (surnomm茅e 芦 Ricky 禄) et Julie (surnomm茅e 芦 la petite 禄).

Son grand-p猫re, Samuel Dassin, 茅tait un 茅migr茅 juif russe originaire d’Odessa.

A son arriv茅e en Am茅rique, ne parlant pas anglais, il dit simplement qu’il venait d’Odessa aux services d’immigration. 聽Ces derniers l’enregistr猫rent sous le nom de 芦 Dassin 禄.

Les ann茅es 1960

Jeunesse

Joe Dassin et ses parents habitent New York puis Los Angeles o霉 il apprend le piano, le banjo et la guitare aupr猫s de sa m猫re.

Son p猫re ayant bri猫vement appartenu au Parti communiste am茅ricain (jusqu’脿 la conclusion du pacte germano-sovi茅tique) est d茅nonc茅 par un membre du parti, le r茅alisateur Edward Dmytryk, d茅sireux de s’affranchir des soup莽ons qui p猫sent sur lui 聽et c茅dant 脿 la pression de la commission des activit茅s anti-am茅ricaines.

Aussi la famille s’expatrie en 1950 en Europe o霉 elle d茅m茅nage de nombreuses fois .

Suivant son p猫re dans ses tournages, Joe Dassin connait onze 茅coles : il 茅tudie notamment dans plusieurs coll猫ges en Angleterre, en Italie, 脿 l’Institut Le Rosey en Suisse.

Il passe son bac 脿 Grenoble. Il obtient la mention 芦聽bien聽禄.

Supportant mal la s茅paration de ses parents en 1954, il d茅cide de venger son p猫re, chass茅 comme un paria, en regagnant les 脡tats-Unis.

Il 聽finance ses 茅tudes par diff茅rents jobs (plongeur dans un restaurant, chauffeur-livreur, testeur psychologique, DJ dans la radio WCX de D茅troit) ou en interpr茅tant, dans les caf茅s autour du campus ou lors de mariages, des airs de son chanteur pr茅f茅r茅 Georges Brassens, mais est trop timide pour chanter devant un vrai public. 聽C’est en fr茅quentant le milieu musical qu’il fait la connaissance de Pete Seeger et Bob Dylan.

Il 茅tudie d’abord la m茅decine puis choisit la sp茅cialit茅 de l’ethnologie.

Il soutient une th猫se d’ethnologie sur la tribu des Indiens Hopis 脿 l’universit茅 du Michigan et re莽oit le dipl么me de 芦聽professeur assistant聽禄 聽le jour de ses 23 ans.

Son doctorat en poche, il est r茅form茅 par les autorit茅s militaires 脿 cause d’un souffle au c艙ur.

Alors qu’il envisage une carri猫re d’茅crivain, il revient en 1962 en France o霉 il rejoint sa m猫re et ses s艙urs.

Il 聽茅crit un roman et des nouvelles, 茅crit pour des magazines am茅ricains (New Yorker, Playboy), travaille comme technicien pour son p猫re, puis fait quelques figurations dans ses films.

Joe Dassin 脿 l'olympia

Joe Dassin 脿 l’olympia

Son p猫re l’engage comme assistant sur le tournage de 芦聽Topkapi聽禄, film o霉 il fait une br猫ve apparition dans le r么le de Josef.

Le 13 d茅cembre 1963, il rencontre sa compagne, Maryse Massiera, chez Eddie Barclay . L’ann茅e suivante, il double des films am茅ricains et 茅crit des articles pour Playboy et The New Yorker.

En 1965, il appara卯t dans le film Nick Carter et le tr猫fle rouge de Jean-Paul Savignac, aux c么t茅s d’Eddie Constantine, Nicole Courcel et Graziella Galvani, et dans Lady L. .

Il est 聽聽(aussi)聽 assistant-metteur en sc猫ne sur le tournage de What’s New Pussycat?..

Premiers 茅checs (1964-1965)

Maryse Massiera est une connaissance de Catherine R茅gnier, secr茅taire chez CBS Records, entreprise qui s’est r茅cemment install茅e en France afin d’y distribuer les disques de ses stars am茅ricaines.

Maryse fait donc passer 脿 son amie une bande sur laquelle Joe Dassin entonne un folk song am茅ricain, Freight Train.

Son objectif est de graver cette bande sur un disque simple afin de l’offrir 脿 Joe Dassin pour son anniversaire.

A l’茅coute de la bande, CBS est convaincue de lancer son premier artiste francophone. Ainsi, le 26 d茅cembre 1964, Joe Dassin est le 聽premier r茅sident fran莽ais 脿 signer avec une maison de disques am茅ricaine. Il enregistre quatre titres (dont la version fran莽aise de Freight Train), accompagn茅 de l’orchestre de Oswald d’Andr茅a.聽 Deux chansons sont sign茅es Jean-Michel Rivat et Frank Thomas.

Au mois de juin 1965, il sort un nouvel聽 Maxi 45t, 聽dont le titre phare est 芦聽Je vais mon chemin聽禄. Ce deuxi猫me disque est un nouvel 茅chec.

Il ne s’茅coule qu’脿 2 000 exemplaires environ. 聽Et si, en ce d茅but de carri猫re, Joe Dassin a quelquefois l’occasion d’interpr茅ter ses chansons 脿 la t茅l茅vision (notamment 芦聽Je change un peu de vent聽禄 et 芦聽 Je vais mon chemin聽禄 ), les m茅dias s’int茅ressent plus 脿 lui en tant que fils de Jules Dassin qu’en tant que chanteur.

D茅but du succ猫s (1965-1966)

Son troisi猫me EP sort 脿 la fin de l’ann茅e 1965. 聽聽Si Bip-bip ne marque pas encore le march茅 du disque (environ 25 000 exemplaires sont 茅coul茅s), ce titre devient son premier succ猫s d’estime.

C’est en tout cas son premier vrai succ猫s radio et 聽pour la premi猫re fois de sa carri猫re, Joe Dassin fait son apparition dans les hit-parades.

Le 31 d茅cembre 1965, Jacques Souplet, nouveau PDG de CBS France, lui pr茅sente celui qui deviendra son producteur et ami, Jacques Plait.

En avril 1966, il sort son quatri猫me EP (sa premi猫re collaboration avec Jacques Plait). Deux titres sortent rapidement du lot :聽 芦聽脟a m’avance 脿 quoi聽禄 et 芦聽Comme la lune聽禄.

Bien que les聽 ventes soient encore modestes, 聽cependant聽, les titres sont diffus茅s en boucle sur les radios musicales 聽et contribuent 脿 la popularit茅 grandissante du chanteur.

Joe Dassin est plus que jamais catalogu茅 parmi les chanteurs de folk song de langue fran莽aise. Au cours de l’茅t茅, il sort son premier single, 芦聽Guantanamera聽禄聽 ainsi que l’adaptation d’un traditionnel, Katy Cruel.

Joe Dassin effectue 茅galement son premier concert en public 脿 l’Ancienne Belgique 脿 Bruxelles. 脌 la fin de l’ann茅e, il sort un nouvel EP, 芦聽Excuse me lady聽禄, ainsi que le tout premier album de sa carri猫re, Joe Dassin 脿 New-York, album qu’il enregistre 脿 New York. Toujours pas de franc succ猫s commercial, m锚me si Joe Dassin continue lentement sa progression dans les hit-parades.

Reconnaissance (1967-1968)

En janvier 1967, Andr茅 Salvet et Bernard Chevry cr茅ent le MIDEM que Joe Dassin va pr茅senter en deux langues.

Il sort aussi un nouvel EP le 3 mai 1967 .聽 Il obtient le premier vrai r茅el succ猫s de sa carri猫re avec 芦聽Les Dalton聽禄 . 芦聽Viens voir le loup聽禄, titre de la face B, est 茅clips茅 et n’obtient qu’un succ猫s d’estime.

Sur ce disque, figure la chanson 聽芦聽Hello hello聽禄 聽qui reste le premier texte de Claude Lemesle 茅crit pour Joe Dassin.

脌 l’automne 1967, il signe 芦聽B茅b茅 requin聽禄 聽pour France Gall et enregistre un nouveau single dont les titres sont 聽芦聽Marie-Jeanne聽禄 et 芦聽Tout b茅b茅 a besoin d’une maman聽禄.

JOE DASSIN ON STAGE  ( Listen to Joe Dassin's Songs on webradios Radio Satellite & Radio Satellite2 )

JOE DASSIN ON STAGE ( Listen to Joe Dassin’s Songs on webradios Radio Satellite & Radio Satellite2 )

En mars 1968 sort le nouveau single de Joe Dassin avec La Bande 脿 Bonnot. La chanson devient un classique de l’artiste au fur et 脿 mesure des ann茅es. Un mois 脿 peine plus tard, il sort un nouveau 45T, Siffler sur la colline. En pleine p茅riode de mai 68, le titre rencontre un grand succ猫s commercial : 500 000 copies sont vendues en France15[r茅f. incompl猫te]. Joe Dassin devient avec ce titre une v茅ritable vedette et remporte le premier disque d’or de sa carri猫re.

En novembre 1968, Joe Dassin confirme son succ猫s en sortant Ma bonne 茅toile, une reprise d’une chanson italienne (comme Siffler sur la colline) avec des paroles de Pierre Delano毛.

joe Dassin country music

joe Dassin country music

Le titre s’installe en t锚te des hit-parades et remporte un nouveau disque d’or (367 000 exemplaires). La face B du disque 芦聽Un peu comme toi聽禄 apparait 聽茅galement dans les hit-parades. Cette p茅riode marque 茅galement la fin de la collaboration entre Joe Dassin, Jean-Michel Rivat et Franck Thomas. Le nouveau parolier聽 attitr茅 de Joe Dassin 聽est d茅sormais Pierre Delano毛.

En mars 1969, Le Petit Pain au chocolat, toujours adapt茅 de l’italien par Delano毛, devient son nouveau grand succ猫s (447 000 copies). Joe Dassin est de nouveau en t锚te des hit-parades.

Tourn茅es et r茅compenses (1969)

Le 1er avril 1969, Joe Dassin est victime d’un premier infarctus. Reprenant ses tourn茅es, il rencontre Boby Lapointe, qui lui pr茅sente Georges Brassens et l’emm猫ne en tourn茅e.

L’ann茅e 1969 se poursuit par聽 芦聽Les Champs-脡lys茅es聽禄, une adaptation anglaise par Pierre Delano毛 de Waterloo Road de Lionel Morton, et 芦聽Le Chemin de papa聽禄, cosign茅 par Dassin et Delano毛.

Les deux chansons se vendent 脿 plus de 550 000 exemplaires chacune.

 

Le 22 octobre 1969, Joe Dassin cloture sa tourn茅e 脿 l’Olympia avant de recevoir le grand prix du disque de l’Acad茅mie Charles-Cros pour l’album 芦聽Le Chemin de papa聽禄, qui est l’album le plus vendu de sa carri猫re (presque 800 000 exemplaires) et dans lequel il reprend l’ensemble de ses hits pr茅c茅dents : 芦聽La Bande 脿 Bonnot聽禄, 芦聽Siffler sur la colline聽禄, 芦聽Ma bonne 茅toile聽禄, 芦聽Le Petit Pain au chocolat聽禄, 芦聽les Champs-脡lys茅es聽禄, 芦聽Le Chemin de papa聽禄ou encore 芦聽Mon village du bout du monde聽禄.

L’Am茅rique et nouveaux tubes (1970)

Alors qu’il est au sommet de sa carri猫re discographique, il enregistre 芦聽L’Am茅rique聽禄 ainsi que 芦聽C茅cilia聽禄, deux adaptations sign茅es Delano毛.

Le disque se vend 脿 plus de 730 000 exemplaires.

L’Am茅rique devient rapidement sa chanson de r茅f茅rence . D茅sormais chacun de ses concerts est clotur茅 聽par ce titre. Apr猫s une tourn茅e au cours de l’茅t茅, Joe Dassin est 脿 la recherche de nouveaux titres qui seraient susceptibles de prendre la rel猫ve de L’Am茅rique.

Le retour de l’arm茅e de Claude Lemesle marque un nouveau tournant dans sa carri猫re.

En effet, 脿 la fin de l’ann茅e 1970, celui-ci propose deux chansons 脿 Joe Dassin mais ce dernier les refuse.

De nouveau, Jacques Plait convainc le chanteur d’enregistrer ces deux titres. 芦聽La Fleur aux dents聽禄

et 芦聽L’脡quipe 脿 Jojo聽禄 qui remportent un 茅norme succ猫s.

Les ventes de l’album s’en ressentent (740 000 ventes environ)

Le creux de la vague (1971-1974)

Le 4 janvier 1971, 芦聽La Fleur aux dents est mis en vente聽禄.

C’est l’un des grands succ猫s de ce d茅but d’ann茅e et 359 000 exemplaires seront vendus.

Fin 1971, Joe Dassin sort un nouvel album ainsi qu’un single extrait de cet album.

La promotion de l’album est correcte et le titre phare de l’album聽 芦聽Elle 茅tait oh聽禄 聽se classe dans le top 10 des hit-parades de l’茅poque, mais Joe Dassin conna卯t tout de m锚me un premier creux de la vague .

Les ventes connaissent un net fl茅chissement. hormis 芦聽Elle 茅tait oh聽禄, 聽peu de titres de l’album s’imposent.

芦聽La Mal Aim茅e du courrier du c艙ur聽禄, 芦聽Bye Bye Louis聽禄, 芦聽La Ligne de vie聽禄 sont repris par d鈥檃utres artistes et malgr茅 ceci, le succ猫s n’est pas au rendez-vous.

Joe Dassin retrouve le succ猫s lors de l’茅t茅 1972 avec 芦聽Taka Takata聽禄 聽qui s’茅coule 脿 300 000 exemplaires ce qui lui vaut un nouveau disque d’or.

A la fin de l’ann茅e, il sort son nouveau succ猫s 3La Complainte de l’heure de pointe3.

Joe Dassin sort alors son nouvel album intitul茅 芦聽 Joe聽禄.

Fin 1974, Joe Dassin sort un nouvel album. 芦聽Vade r茅tro聽禄 聽et 聽聽芦聽Si tu t’appelles m茅lancolie聽禄 qui 聽lui permettent de retrouver le succ猫s (384 000 ex).

joe dassin et h茅l猫ne s茅gara album

joe dassin et h茅l猫ne s茅gara album

Le 24 mai 1975, est lanc茅 sur la march茅 聽芦聽L’脡t茅 indien聽禄 de Toto Cutugno et de Vito Pallavicini. Titre qui devient le plus grand succ猫s de sa carri猫re.

Il en vend 950 000 ex en France et quasiment deux millions dans le monde . Le titre est interpr茅t茅, repris, 聽dans vingt-cinq pays , traduit en plusieurs langues (allemand, italien, espagnol).

Joe Dassin devient le chanteur fran莽ais le plus appr茅ci茅 et le plus export茅 dans les pays de l’Est, comme l’URSS ou la Pologne.

joe Dassin l'am茅rique

joe Dassin l’am茅rique

L’脡t茅 indien ne sort sur aucun album studio du chanteur mais figure sur une compilation de ses plus grands succ猫s, sortie 脿 la fin de l’ann茅e 1975. L’脡t茅 indien est le plus gros succ猫s de l’ann茅e 1975 en France et sa version fran莽aise un plus grand succ猫s que la version originale italienne.

Fin 1975, Joe Dassin sort un nouveau single聽: La face A 聽芦聽脟a va pas changer le monde聽禄聽 s鈥檃ccapare聽聽 la 1re place des hit-parades.聽 La face B 芦聽Il faut na卯tre 脿 Monaco聽禄 聽lui permet de se replacer dans un registre musical comique voire ironique.

芦聽Et si tu n’existais pas聽禄 聽(qui est l’un de ses plus grands classiques) et 芦聽Salut聽禄 聽lui permettent聽 d’occuper 脿 nouveau les top ( appell茅s Hit Parade 脿 l鈥櫭﹑oque).

脌 la fin des ann茅es 1970, Joe participe 脿 plusieurs 茅missions de Maritie et Gilbert Carpentier avec sa bande compos茅e de Carlos, Jeane Manson, Joelle聽 ( du groupe il 茅tait une fois ) , Dave.

Fin 1976, il pr茅sente son nouvel album nomm茅 芦聽Le Jardin du Luxembourg聽禄聽 compos茅 脿 l鈥檃ttention de Dassin, par Toto Cutugno et Vito Pallavicini. Ce titre聽 est quelque peu boud茅 par les radios et les t茅l茅visions en raison de sa longueur (douze minutes).

Joe Dassin se voit dans l’obligation de pr茅senter une version 茅court茅e du morceau.

Ce titre ne dispose m锚me pas d’une version 45 tours, seul un 45 tours promotionnel verra le jour. D茅but 1977, ce sont donc 芦聽 A toi聽禄 聽et 芦聽Le Caf茅 des trois colombes聽禄聽 qui sortent et remportent un grand succ猫s malgr茅 la vague Disco en cours 脿 cette 茅poque

Le 23 juin 1977, 脿 Paris, Joe Dassin participe au sp茅cial t茅l茅 Soir茅e canadienne du Qu茅bec 脿 l’Olympia enregistr茅 par la Soci茅t茅 Radio-Canada.

Comme chaque fin d’ann茅e, il profite des f锚tes pour sortir un nouvel album. 聽芦聽Les femmes de ma vie聽禄 ne connait pas de succ猫s, au niveau des ventes.聽 En revanche, le single extrait de l’album (sur lequel figure 聽芦聽Dans les yeux d’脡milie聽禄 se vend 脿 pr猫s de 聽250 000 exemplaires.

Durant l’茅t茅 1978, il enregistre 芦聽Si tu penses 脿 moi聽禄, adapt茅 de 芦聽No Woman, No Cry聽禄, un tube de Bob Marley revu par Boney M. Le succ猫s de ce titre est mitig茅.

Fin 1978, Joe Dassin atteint ses quinze ans de carri猫re dans la chanson. Pour l’occasion, il sort un nouvel album intitul茅 15 ans d茅j脿.

Le disque obtient un disque d’or pour 100 000 exemplaires vendus

Sant茅

La sant茅 de Joe Dassin se d茅t茅riore 脿 cette 茅poque. En d茅cembre 1979, une alerte cardiaque, doubl茅e d’une op茅ration due 脿 un ulc猫re 脿 l’estomac, l’oblige 脿 annuler toutes ses tourn茅es.

Dans les mois qui suivent, il multiplie les malaises cardiaques, exacerb茅s par le stress (notamment la proc茅dure juridique concernant la garde de ses enfants depuis son divorce en 1977), l’alcool et la drogue.

Il sort tout de m锚me un ultime single nomm茅 芦聽the guitar don’t lie聽. Fin juillet 1980, Joe est 脿 nouveau victime d’un infarctus et est hospitalis茅 脿 l’h么pital am茅ricain de Neuilly.

D茅c猫s

Apr猫s avoir fait une 茅norme tourn茅e en Europe dont il 聽en sort tr猫s fatigu茅, sans avoir ob茅i 脿 son m茅decin qui lui avait conseill茅 de se reposer.聽 Il 聽part, donc, 聽脿 Tahiti pour une quinzaine de jours de vacances et de repos鈥 Le 20 ao没t 1980, Joe Dassin meurt 脿 l’芒ge de 41 ans 脿 la suite d’un infarctus du myocarde 脿 Papeete (Tahiti).

Il d茅jeunait alors avec sa famille et des amis dans le restaurant 聽芦聽Chez Michel et 脡liane聽禄 聽lorsque soudainement, 脿 12 h 30, il est pris d’un malaise et s’effondre sur sa chaise.

La seule ambulance de Papeete est indisponible et n’arrive sur les lieux qu’environ quarante minutes apr猫s l’attaque cardiaque.

Le c艙ur de Joe Dassin bat encore 脿 l’h么pital mais de fa莽on tr猫s al茅atoire. Malgr茅 un massage cardiaque et un essai de r茅animation, le m茅decin ne peut que constater son d茅c猫s.

Une plaque 脿 sa m茅moire est visible 脿 Papeete au bar 芦 le R茅tro 禄 sur le front de mer o霉 il est mort, au premier 茅tage. Son monument fun茅raire se trouve 脿 l’Hollywood Forever Cemetery, cimeti猫re juif d’Hollywood 脿 Los Angeles (Californie).

Joe dassin le meilleur

Joe dassin le meilleur

Vie priv茅e

Le 18 janvier 1966, Joe Dassin se marie avec Maryse Grimaldi. Apr猫s avoir avort茅 脿 plusieurs reprises 芦 pour qu’elle puisse continuer 脿 le suivre dans ses nombreuses tourn茅es 禄, elle lui donne son premier fils, Joshua, n茅 le 12 septembre 1973 mais mort pr茅matur茅ment, cinq jours apr猫s sa naissance.

Joe Dassin est alors animateur d’une s茅rie d’茅missions radio, Western Story, sur les antennes de Radio Luxembourg.

S茅duit par l’environnement de Feucherolles, il y fait construire une tr猫s grande maison de 800 m虏 dans laquelle il vivra avec sa famille de 1975 脿 1980. Ses deux enfants y passeront leur petite enfance.

Le 5 mai 1977, il divorce 脿 l’amiable de Maryse Grimaldi. Il a en effet rencontr茅 Christine Delvaux, fille d’un commer莽ant de Rouen, dans une bo卯te 脿 la mode de Courchevel o霉 il s茅journait pour ses vacances d’hiver.

S’茅tant perdus de vue, ils se sont retrouv茅s chez Castel au cours d’une soir茅e entre amis.

Le 14 janvier 1978, il se marie avec Christine Delvaux 脿 Cotignac. Lors d’un gala qu’il effectue gratuitement dans cette m锚me commune, la municipalit茅 lui offre un terrain. Il fera construire une maison de vacances qu’il occupera plusieurs ann茅es. Le 14 septembre 1978, son fils Jonathan na卯t 脿 l’h么pital am茅ricain de Neuilly.

Le 22 mars 1980 na卯t son second fils, Julien. Christine Delvaux meurt en 1995, 脿 l’芒ge de 50 ans, foudroy茅e par une crise d’asthme.

Joe Dassin Les Champs-脡lys茅es

Joe Dassin Les Champs-脡lys茅es

SOURCES: Wikipedia

 

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Joe Coker


 

John Robert “Joe” Cocker聽OBE (20 May 1944 鈥 22 December 2014) was an English rock and blues singer, who came to popularity in the 1960s, and is known for his gritty voice, his spasmodic body movement in performance and his cover versions of popular songs, particularly those of the Beatles.

j coker11 His cover of the Beatles’ “With a Little Help from My Friends” reached number one in the UK in 1968, and he performed the song live at Woodstock in 1969. His version also became the theme song for the TV series The Wonder Years. His 1975 hit single, “You Are So Beautiful”, reached number five in the US. Cocker is the recipient of several awards, including a 1983 Grammy Award for his US number one “Up Where We Belong”, a duet with Jennifer Warnes. In 1993 he was nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Male, and in 2008 he received an OBE at Buckingham Palace for services to music.

 

Cocker was ranked #97 on Rolling Stone’s 100 greatest singers list. Cocker was born on 20 May 1944 at 38 Tasker Road, Crookes, Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire. He is the youngest son of a civil servant, Harold Cocker, and Madge Cocker. According to differing family stories, Cocker received his nickname of Joe either from playing a childhood game called “Cowboy Joe” or from a local window cleaner named Joe. joe coker the essential Cocker’s main musical influences growing up were Ray Charles and Lonnie Donegan. Cocker’s first experience singing in public was at age 12 when his elder brother Victor invited him on stage to sing during a gig of his skiffle group. In 1960, along with three friends, Cocker formed his first group, the Cavaliers. For the group’s first performance at a youth club, they were required to pay the price of admission before entering. The Cavaliers eventually broke up after a year and Cocker left school to become an apprentice gasfitter while simultaneously pursuing a career in music.

 

In 1961, under the stage name Vance Arnold, Cocker continued his career with a new group, Vance Arnold and the Avengers.聽The name was a combination of Vince Everett, Elvis Presley’s character in Jailhouse Rock, (which Cocker misheard as Vance) and country singer Eddy Arnold.聽The group mostly played in the pubs of Sheffield,聽performing covers of Chuck Berry and Ray Charles songs. In 1963, they booked their first significant gig when they supported the Rolling Stones atSheffield City Hall. In 1964, Cocker signed a recording contract as a solo act with Decca and released his first single, a cover of the Beatles’ “I’ll Cry Instead” (with Big Jim Sullivan and Jimmy Page playing guitars).

 

Despite extensive promotion from Decca lauding his youth and working class roots, the record was a flop and his recording contract with Decca lapsed at the end of 1964.聽After Cocker recorded the single, he dropped his stage name and formed a new group, Joe Cocker’s Big Blues. There is only one known recording of Joe Cocker’s and Big Blues on an EP given out by Sheffield College during Rag Week and called Rag Goes Mad at the Mojo. It contained a cover of Curtis Mayfield’s “I’ve Been Trying” and a track of “Saved”. joe cokerThe Grease Band (1966鈥1969) In 1966, after a year-long hiatus from music, Cocker teamed up with Chris Stainton, whom he had met several years before, to form the Grease Band.The Grease Band was named after Cocker read an interview with jazz musician Jimmy Smith, where Smith described another musician as “having a lot of grease”.

 

Like the Avengers, Cocker’s group mostly played in pubs in and around Sheffield. The Grease Band came to the attention of Denny Cordell, the producer of Procol Harum, the Moody Blues and Georgie Fame. Cocker recorded the single “Marjorine” without the Grease Band for Cordell in a London studio. He then moved to London with Chris Stainton, and the Grease Band was dissolved. Cordell set Cocker up with a residency at the Marquee Club in London, and a “new” Grease Band was formed with Stainton and keyboardist Tommy Eyre. After minor success in the US with the single “Marjorine”, Cocker entered the big time with a groundbreaking rearrangement of “With a Little Help from My Friends”, another Beatles cover, which, many years later, was used as the opening theme for The Wonder Years.

 

The recording features lead guitar from Jimmy Page, drumming by BJ Wilson, backing vocals from Sue and Sunny, and Tommy Eyre on organ. The single made the Top Ten on the British charts, remaining there for thirteen weeks and eventually reaching number one, on 9 November 1968.聽It also reached number 68 on the US charts. The new touring line-up of Cocker’s Grease Band featured Henry McCullough on lead guitar, who would go on to briefly play with McCartney’s Wings. After touring the UK with the Who in autumn 1968and Gene Pitney and Marmalade in early winter 1969, the Grease Band embarked on their first tour of the US in spring 1969. Cocker’s album With a Little Help from My Friends was released soon after their arrival and made number 35 on the American charts, eventually going gold. joe coker2 During his US tour, Cocker played at several large festivals, including the Newport Rock Festivaland the Denver Pop Festival.

 

In August, Denny Cordell heard about the planned concert inWoodstock, New York and convinced organiser Artie Kornfeld to book Cocker and the Grease Band for the Woodstock Festival. The group had to be flown into the festival by helicopter due to the large crowds. They performed several songs, including “Delta Lady”, “Something’s Comin’ On”, “Let’s Go Get Stoned”, “I Shall Be Released”, and “With a Little Help from My Friends”. Cocker would later say that the experience was “like an eclipse… it was a very special day.”

 

Directly after Woodstock, Cocker released his second album, Joe Cocker!. Impressed by his cover of “With a Little Help from My Friends”, Paul McCartney and George Harrison allowed Cocker to use their songs “She Came in Through the Bathroom Window” and “Something” for the album.Recorded during a break in touring in the spring and summer, the album reached number 11 on the US charts and garnered a second UK hit with the Leon Russell song, “Delta Lady”. Throughout 1969 he was featured on variety TV shows like The Ed Sullivan Show and This Is Tom Jones. Onstage, he exhibited an idiosyncratic physical intensity, flailing his arms and playing air guitar, occasionally giving superfluous cues to his band.聽

 

At the end of the year Cocker was unwilling to embark on another US tour, so he dissolved the Grease Band. Despite Cocker’s reluctance to venture out on the road again, an American tour had already been booked so he had to quickly form a new band in order to fulfil his contractual obligations. It proved to be a large group of more than 30 musicians, including pianist and bandleader Leon Russell, three drummers, and backing vocalists Rita Coolidge and Claudia Lennear.

The new band was christened “Mad Dogs and Englishmen” by Denny Cordell after the No毛l Coward song of the same name. joe coker3 His music at this time evolved into a more bluesy type of rock, often compared to that of the Rolling Stones. During the ensuing Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour (later described by drummer Jim Keltner as “a big, wild party”),聽Cocker toured 48 cities, recorded a live album, and received very positive reviews from Time and Life for his performances. However, the pace of the tour was exhausting. Russell and Cocker had personal problems and Cocker became depressed and began drinking excessively as the tour wound down in May 1970.

 

Meanwhile, he enjoyed several chart entries in the US with “Cry Me a River” and “Feelin’ Alright” by Dave Mason. His cover of the Box Tops’ hit “The Letter”, which appeared on the live album and film, Mad Dogs and Englishmen, became his first US Top Ten hit. After spending several months in Los Angeles, Cocker returned home to Sheffield where his family became increasingly concerned with his deteriorating physical and mental health. During this time, in periods between work, Cocker wrote the overture played by Ted Heathon the occasion the Prime Minister famously conducted a live orchestra whilst in office.聽In the summer of 1971 the A&M Recordssingle release appeared in the US of “High Time We Went”.

 

This became a hit, reaching number 22 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, but was not issued on an album until November 1972 on the Joe Cocker album. In early 1972, after nearly two years away from music, Cocker went on tour with a group that Chris Stainton had formed. He opened with a performance in Madison Square Garden which was attended by about 20,000 people. After touring the US, he embarked on a European tour where he played to large audiences in Milan, Italyand Germany. He then returned to the US for another tour in autumn 1972. During these tours the group cut the songs that would be part of his newest album, Joe Cocker. A mixture of live songs and studio recordings, the album peaked at number 30 on the US charts.Joe Cocker with his OBE, 2007

Cocker performing on 16 October 1980 in the National Stadium, Dublin

In October 1972, when Cocker toured Australia, he and six members of his entourage were arrested in Adelaide by police for possession of marijuana. The next day in Melbourne, assault charges were laid after a brawl at the Commodore Chateau Hotel,and Cocker was given 48 hours to leave the country by the Australian Federal Police.

 

This caused huge public outcry in Australia, as Cocker was a high-profile overseas artist and had a strong support base, especially amongst the baby boomers who were coming of age and able to vote for the first time. It sparked hefty debate about the use and legalisation of marijuana in Australia and gained Cocker the nickname of “the Mad Dog”.Shortly after the Australian tour, Stainton retired from his music career to establish his own recording studio. After his friend’s departure and estrangement from longtime producer Denny Cordell, Cocker sank into depression and began using heroin. In June 1973 he kicked the habit, but continued to drink heavily. At the end of 1973, Cocker returned to the studio to record a new album, I Can Stand A Little Rain. The album, released in August 1974, was number 11 on the US charts and one single, a cover of Dennis Wilson and Billy Preston’s “You Are So Beautiful”, which reached the number 5 slot.Despite positive reviews for the album, Cocker struggled with live performances, largely due to his problems with alcohol.

 

One such instance was reported in a 1974 issue of Rolling Stone magazine, saying during two West Coast performances in October of that year he threw up on stage.jcoker12 In January 1975, he released a second album that had been recorded at the same time as I Can Stand a Little Rain, Jamaica Say You Will. To promote his new album, Cocker embarked on another tour of Australia, made possible by the country’s newLabor government. In late 1975, he contributed vocals on a number of the tracks on Bo Diddley’s The 20th Anniversary of Rock ‘n’ Roll all-star album. He also recorded a new album in a Kingston, Jamaica studio, Stingray.

 

However, record sales were disappointing; the album reached only number 70 on the US charts. In 1976, Cocker performed “Feelin’ Alright” on Saturday Night Live. John Belushi joined him on stage doing his famous impersonation of Cocker’s stage movements. At the time, Cocker was $800,000 in debt to A&M Records and struggling with alcoholism. Several months later, he met producer Michael Lang, who agreed to manage him on the condition that he stay sober.

 

With a new band, Cocker embarked on a tour of New Zealand, Australia and South America. He then recorded a new album with session work by Steve Gadd and Chuck Rainey, and a new, young bassist from Scotland, Rob Hartley. Hartley also toured briefly with Cocker’s friends in 1977. In the autumn of 1978, he went on a North American tour promoting his album, Luxury You Can Afford. Despite this effort, it received mixed reviews and only sold around 300,000 copies. In 1979, Cocker joined the “Woodstock in Europe” tour, which featured musicians like Arlo Guthrie and Richie Havens who had played at the 1969 Woodstock Festival.

 

He also performed in New York’s Central Park to an audience of 20,000 people. The concert was recorded and released as the live album, Live in New York.聽He also toured Europe and appeared on the German television recording amphitheatre, Rockpalast, the first of many performances on the show. In 1982, Cocker recorded two songs with the jazz group the Crusaders on their album Standing Tall. One song, ‘I’m So Glad I’m Standing Here Today’ was nominated for a Grammy Award and Cocker performed it with the Crusaders at the awards ceremony. joe coker4 The Crusaders wrote this song with Cocker in mind to sing it. Cocker then released a new reggae-influenced album, Sheffield Steel, recorded with the Compass Point All Stars, produced by Chris Blackwell and Alex Sadkin.

 

In 1982, at the behest of producer Stewart Levine, Cocker recorded the duet “Up Where We Belong” with Jennifer Warnes for the soundtrack of the 1982 film An Officer and a Gentleman. The song was an international hit, reaching number 1 on theBillboard Hot 100, and winning a Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo. The duet also won an Academy Award for Best Original Song, and Cocker and Warnes performed the song at the awards ceremony. Several days later, he was invited to perform “You Are So Beautiful” with Ray Charles in a television tribute to the musician.

 

He then joined singer Ronnie Lane’s 1983 tour to raise money for the London-based organisation Action for Research into Multiple Sclerosis, in particular because Lane was beginning to suffer from the degenerative disease. Musicians such as Pete Townshend, Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page,Jeff Beck and Chris Stainton also participated in the tour which included a performance at New York City’s Madison Square Garden. While on another tour that year, Cocker was arrested by Austrian police after refusing to perform because of inadequate sound equipment.

 

The charges were eventually dropped and Cocker was released.聽Shortly after the incident, he released his ninth studio album, Civilized Man. His next album Cocker was dedicated to his mother, Madge, who died when he was recording in the studio with producer Terry Manning. A track from the album, “You Can Leave Your Hat On” was featured in the 1986 film 9陆 Weeks. The album eventually went Platinum on the European charts.

 

His 1987 album Unchain My Heartwas nominated for a Grammy Award, although it did not win. One Night of Sin was also a commercial success, surpassingUnchain My Heart in sales.jcoker14 Throughout the 1980s, Cocker continued to tour around the world, playing to large audiences in Europe, Australia and the United States.

 

In 1988, he performed at London’s Royal Albert Hall and appeared on The Tonight Show.聽After Barclay James Harvest and Bob Dylan Cocker was the first to give Rock concerts in the German Democratic Republic, in East Berlin and Dresden.

 

The venue, the Bl眉herwiese, next to the Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion, bears the vernacular name Cockerwiese (Cocker meadow) today.He also performed for President George Bush at an inauguration concert in February 1989. In 1992, his version of Bryan Adams’ “Feels Like Forever” made the UK Top 40. At the 1993 Brit Awards, Cocker was nominated for Best British Male.Cocker performed the opening set at Woodstock ’94 as one of the few alumni who played at the original Woodstock Festival in 1969 and was very well received.

 

On 3 June 2002, Cocker performed “With A Little Help From My Friends” accompanied by Phil Collins on drums and Queen guitarist Brian May at the Party at the Palace concert in the grounds of Buckingham Palace, an event in commemoration of the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II.聽In 2007, Cocker appeared playing minor characters in the film Across the Universe, as the lead singer on another Beatles’ hit, “Come Together”.Cocker was awarded an OBE in the Queen’s 2007 Birthday Honours list for services to music.To celebrate receiving his award in mid December 2007, Cocker played two concerts in London and in his home town of Sheffield.

 

joe coker5 In April and May 2009, Cocker conducted a North American tour in support of his album Hymn for My Soul. He sang the vocals on Little Wing for the Carlos Santana album, Guitar Heaven: The Greatest Guitar Classics of All Time, released on 21 September 2010.

 

In the autumn of 2010, Cocker toured Europe promoting his studio album Hard Knocks. Cocker returned to Australia in 2008 and again in 2011, the latter of which featured George Thorogood and the Destroyers as an opening act.

 

On 20 March 2011, Joe Cocker took part in a benefit concert for Cornell Dupree at B.B. King’s Blues Club in New York. Dupree played on two Cocker albums Stingray (1976) and Luxury You Can Afford (1978). Dupree’s band Stuff was also Cocker’s backing band on a tour promoting Stingray in 1976. While performing a concert at Madison Square Garden on 17 September 2014, veteran rock singer Billy Joel stated that Cocker was “not very well right now” and asked that he be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

 

In 1963, Cocker began dating Eileen Webster, also a resident of Sheffield. The couple dated intermittently for the next 13 years, separating permanently in 1976. In 1978, Cocker moved onto a ranch owned by Jane Fonda in Santa Barbara, California. Pam Baker, a local summer camp director and fan of Cocker’s music, persuaded the actress to let the house to Cocker. Baker began dating Cocker and they eventually married on 11 October 1987.The couple resided on the Mad Dog Ranch in Crawford, Colorado. Cocker was not related to fellow Sheffield-born musician Jarvis Cocker, despite this being a rumour (particularly in Australia, where Jarvis’s father Mac Cocker, a radio DJ, allowed listeners to believe he was Joe Cocker’s brother). On 22 December 2014, Cocker died of lung cancer at his home in Colorado at the age of 70.

 

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